Ajk kotisivu Asko Korpela (AjkKindle)
Kindle books in 2013

FinishedbkmgenlanpagstaAmaRevAjkwrdhglAuthor: Bookname
21.  20130414 
fic
ita
4104* ama00013150Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga
22.  20130428 
fic
ger
3683* ama33Friedrich von Schiller: Sämtliche Werke von Friedrich von Schiller
23.  20130602  43
cla
eng
6665* ama010ajk4010Charles Dickens: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club
24.  20130623  60
fic
ger
4433* ama7Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre
25.  20130712  4
his
spa
2565* ama2325Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices
26.  20130811  2
cla
fra
614* ama11Balzac Honoré de: La Maison du Chat-qui-pelote (French Edition)
27.  20130816 
fic
fra
2695* ama032ajk215Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot
28.  20130820 
fic
fra
1685* ama032ajk4530Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet
29.  20130909  12
his
ger
2744* ama012ajk5107Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil
30.  20131013  12
his
ger
3034* ama013ajk2661Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts
31.  20130926  48
psy
eng
5125* ama006ajk21174Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow
32.  20131004  4
fic
por
1725* ama00012224Eca de Queiroz: Contos
33.  20131013 
cla
fra
2775* ama211Jules Verne: 20000 Lieus sous les Mers
34.  20131014 
cla
fra
1605* ama261Jules Verne: L'archipel en feu
35.  20131014 
fic
fra
2475* ama6Jules Verne: Autour de la lune
36.  20130808  53
fie
fra
6055* ama231Jules Verne: Aventures du capitaine Hatteras
37.  20131016  1
phi
eng
4425* ama3151John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe
38.  20121111 
his
por
2215* ama003ajk7655Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal
39.  20131023 
phi
eng
3145* ama1Adam Smith: The Theory of Moral Sentiments (Illustrated)
40.  20131116  23
cla
fra
6215* ama13727Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques
41.  20131030  2
cla
fra
323* ama819Voltaire:Biographie
42.  20131112 
nof
fin
3822* ama4Antti Tuuri: Alkemistit
FinishedbkmgenlanpagstaAmaRevAjkwrdhglAuthor: Bookname

21 Umberto Eco:
Il cimitero di Praga


KindleLink: Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga
AjkReview: ajk

410pages

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 4 47
che domandavano un franco per la prima notte e quaranta centesimi per le seguenti (pi...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 4 63
sbrindellati.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 6 82
un insieme bizzarro di oggetti che forse non testimoniavano di un gusto coerente e ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 7 107
Degli ebrei so solo ciò che mi ha insegnato il nonno: - Sono il popolo ateo per mi istruiva. Partono dal conc...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 8 128
ossia l'odore ed è provato che l'orina di un tedesco contiene il ven...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 8 132
tedesco vive in uno stato di perpetuo imbarazzo intestinale dovuto all'eccesso di birra e di quelle salsicce di maiale di cui s'...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 9 138
che ma è lo spirito della che istupidisce sin da giovani,...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 9 141
le composizioni del e le s...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 9 144
Hanno preso sul serio un monaco ghiottone e lussurioso come Lutero (si può sposare solo perché ha rovinato I...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 9 151
tanto quanto il gesuita che veniva a insegnarmela a colpi di bacchetta sulle dita.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 10 157
"noi polacchi abbiamo questo o quest'altro poiché non vogliono essere neppure nel male, s...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 10 161
perché il francese è avidissimo). Ils grognent toujours. Provate a domandargli moi,

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 11 180
Per non dire di papà Grandet.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 11 184
Se mi son fatto francese è perché non potevo sopportare di essere italiano. In sentrv...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 11 187
iettatore: substantiivi jinx iettatura ; huono onni

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 12 198
l'unico vero governo che abbiano mai avuto da quando quel pervertito

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 12 207
parlano con orrore del sesso ma tutti i giorni li vedi uscire da un letto incestuoso senza e v...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 13 221
certamente i gesuiti. Ho come la sensazione di avergli giocato alcuni o forse sono loro che mi hanno fatt...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 14 228
per quel poco che ne so. Per anni sono stato ossessionato da quelle dove si radunano ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 14 239
Io ci vado per bere. E per spiare dal di dentro attraverso la porta gli studenti che spiano attraverso la porta. E non solo gli...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 15 245
dopo galleggerebbero sulla Bièvre.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 15 260
Non sappiamo se gli spiriti animali e il liquore ma è certo che questi due fluidi hanno una certa a...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 18 300
Avrei potuto cucinarmi qualcosa da solo. Lavorare qualche ora a preparare un manicaretto mi distende. Per esempio d...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 18 315
prima di uscire, davanti mi sono applicato il solito paio di baffi neri e...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 19 318
Per sembrare un capitano in pensione mi mentre parlo, giocherellare con una piena di losangh...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 21 362
Stavo chiedendomi a quale guitto avessi dato ospitalità nei giorni precedenti quando ho realizzato che anch'io ero mascherat...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 24 420
prendendo delle note per fissare alcuni con qualche fatica:

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 26 448
Naturalmente non potevo non fare l'ipotesi più ovvia. Io e l'abate Dalla Piccola eravamo la stessa persona e se così fosse stato t...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 26 452
se fossi stato anche Dalla Piccola avrei in quella casa di cui lui pareva sapere tutto e io (Simonini...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 26 455
Chi è che mi ha parlato di casi di doppia personalità? Non accade così a Diana? Ma chi è Diana? Mi ero proposto di andare c...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 27 464
non non credo di essere credente. Se uno è credente crede in qualcosa. Credo in ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 27 468
Era il 23 e io credevo che fosse il 22. Cosa era accaduto il 22? Chi o che cosa era Taxil?

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 27 472
mi son detto. che per misteriose ragioni passa spesso a casa mi...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 27 475
che cosa avrei fatto il se mi ero svegliato privo di memoria la mattina del 23? E perché ma...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 27 477
Ero stato assalito dal terrore che avesse passato la prima parte della notte nel mio è vero che le donne mi...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 28 486
mi dicevo, Dalla Piccola smemora il 22 marzo e smemorato rimane un giorno intero per poi ritrovarsi il 23 come un Si...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 29 496
mi avrei potuto vedermelo apparire magari...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 29 505
che significa mi ha aperto come una breccia nella nebbia del tempo che ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 31 538
celebre dottor Bianche - anche se Du Maurier mormorava sarcastico che trentanni fa vi aveva soggiornato un ce...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 31 539
clinica Bianche avevano condotto al suicidio.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 31 545
,h,inghiottire: verbi swallow deglutire, ingerire, bere, smaltire, ingozzare swallow up inghiottire gulp deglutire, tracannare, ingozzare suck down inghiottire

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 33 574
magnetizzazione non dipende dalla trasmissione di fluidi misteriosi (come voleva quel buffone di Mesmer) ma da fenome...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 34 592
diceva Bourru, che la forza magnetica di una sostanza agisce anche a distanza. Per senza che il soggetto lo sa...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 34 603
Potremmo parlare di autoipnotismo. Secondo me Charcot e i suoi discepoli non hanno riflettuto abbastanza sulle esperie...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 36 639
il e mi sono limitato a mangiare sempre al mio tavolo da lavoro...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 38 670
Io gli ebrei li ho sempre evitati anche perché sto attento ai nomi. Gli ebrei come arricchivano, si comperav...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 42 737
Tutto questo non c'entra niente col mio ma è per dire come, alla fin fine, fossimo entrati in confidenza e si parlass...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 42 739
Tutto questo non c'entra niente col mio ma è per dire come, alla fin fine, fossimo entrati in confidenza e si parlass...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 45 784
,h,Però posso raccontare i fatti miei a me stesso. Mi sono ricordato che Bourru (o Burot) mi aveva detto che c'erano dei s...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 45 793
per terminare con un sorbetto al il tutto innaffiato da due bottiglie di vecchio Bor...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 45 798
come in quel momento stavano gustando gli felice di ingaglioffìr...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 46 814
Il lato migliore di questa casa è una buona cantina.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 46 816
4 I TEMPI DEL NONNO 26 marzo 1897 La mia infanzia. Torino... Una collina al di là del io sul balcone con la mamma.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 47 827
dove si non come il babil dei parigini).

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 48 844
vi perché di parrucche diceva, si erano adornati anch...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 48 847
dove aglio e s'intingevano i cardi (che prima er...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 48 854
perché rimanevano in contatto con la natura.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 49 856
abbandonato a se stesso, è troppo cattivo per essere libero. Quel poco di libertà che gli serve deve essere garanti...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 49 871
Ma quando era stato bruciato questo Molay? - Nel 1314. - Lasciatemi far di signor nonno, ma sono quasi cin...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 50 876
si chiama così perché i suoi soci si ovvero liberi muratori.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 50 881
il cui fine era non solo distruggere e il trono

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 50 890
è come il lievito nella pasta, se manca la non gonfia, e non fai il pane. Qual è stato il lievito che qualcun...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 51 898
Questo è l'originale della lettera che poi ho messo in bella copia per Barruel. Rivedo il con pause dramma...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 51 906
Signore, che io parlo della setta giudaica. Essa sembra del tutto separata e nemica delle altre sette; ma ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 53 936
un forno per la cottura dei pani azzimi. Qui il

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 53 941
modi del delitto erano così affini a quelli solitamente imputati agli ebrei che i gendarmi avevano cominciato a pensare...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 54 946
Così il povero piccolo martire ha almeno anche se per merito del diavolo.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 54 960
qualunque cosa il vecchio non fosse affatto divenuto pazzo. Semplice...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 55 968
untuosamente: unctuously

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 56 982
concludeva il nonno, quello che ho rivelato a Barruel. Forse ho esagerato un dicendo di aver appreso da tutti...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 57 1006
tonaca: kasukka

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 57 1016
come afferma chi sa che gli ebrei debbono maledire i cristiani tre volte al giorno e chiedere a ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 58 1023
"Se non fai il buono e non vai a dormire subito questa notte ti visiterà l'orribile Mordechai." Così mi minaccia il nonno. E ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 58 1024
l'orecchio a ogni scricchiolio della vecchia quasi sentendo per la scaletta di legno i passi del terribile vecchio che vie...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 59 1048
Per tutta la mia infanzia il nonno non aveva perché diceva che vi insegnavano solo c...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 59 1050
stavo rinchiuso a studiare in una stanza con che il nonno sceglieva secondo la mia età, tra i corbac...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 60 1056
ma un prete di angelica l'abate Gioberti)? È il gesuitismo che molesta, tribola, calunnia, pers...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 60 1062
Non c'è setta al mondo così sfornita di così dura e spietata quando si tratta dei suoi interessi come I...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 61 1071
che alcune di queste idee il Gioberti le avesse prese di...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 61 1076
Mio padre. La bestia nera della famiglia.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 62 1101
non conosceva Dio altrimenti che per averlo udito bestemmiare di continuo.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 62 1103
agitando al vento la sua capigliatura bionda da concubina di celava sotto il manto delle sue...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 63 1107
tali erano il il fascino dei suoi sguardi.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 63 1119
Ci volevano almeno mezzo chilo di muscolo una coda, culaccio, salamini, testina, cotechino, gallin...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 63 1124
quattro filetti la mollica di un panino, un uno spicchio d'aglio...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 64 1126
ricordo, i piaceri della mia infanzia e adolescenza. Che altro desiderare? * * * Pomeriggio afoso. Sto...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 65 1154
mentre in febbraio a Parigi l'insurrezione popolare detronizzava Luigi Filippo e veniva proclamata (di nuovo e finalmente!) la r...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 66 1173
lamentava il e naturalmente attribuiva ogni vedendo ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 67 1183
un panciotto di panno nero che mostrava la scarpe grosse sempre incrostate ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 68 1202
Poi accoglieva in tavola un eccellente brasato al barolo. - Mio figlio non diceva, la bellezza di...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 69 1231
fatto di caffè e latte, pur

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 70 1240
piaceri del caffè e del cioccolato a ciò che mi dava soddisfazione era apparire un altro: il fatto che la gente n...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 70 1247
all'Osteria del Gambero d'Oro.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 72 1276
poi avevo trovato la curiosa caricatura di avvicinando risultava composto di nudi fem...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 72 1283
padre Pertuso mi aveva fatto mandare anni prima a memoria: ”La bellezza del corpo è tutta nella pelle. In effetti se gli uomini...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 75 1324
Perché i massoni di tutto il mondo si erano lì congregati? Lo Sconosciuto ora lo spiegava: I...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 75 1333
quel Giuseppe Balsamo che nel libro di Dumas non era ancora stato nominato) ricordava che non si doveva badare a u...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 78 1385
quando il nostro arcivescovo Fransoni ha invitato il clero di Torino a disobbedire a è stato arrestato ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 78 1390
E tutto all'insegna del motto "libera chiesa là dove chi è veramente libero di prevaricare è solo lo stato. La v...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 79 1406
morte del nonno. Mi gira la testa. 5 SIMONINO CARBONARO Notte del 27 capitan Simonini...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 80 1423
morsicata.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 81 1433
È curioso. Voi sospettate che noi due siamo la stessa persona. Però voi ricordate molte cose della vostra vita e io pochissime del...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 81 1435
esattamente quelle di cui pare voi non se allora i...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 83 1472
come garantire di donazioni, compravendite e altri

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 83 1481
Odalengo Piccolo e che ha fatto scomparire il suo certificato di battesimo per aspirare e tu mi chiedessi di pr...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 84 1493
quasi per farsi perdonare o avendo individuato il lato invitava tal...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 86 1529
aveva detto Simone, ma che cosa dunque. Se dobbiamo impedire a quei giovani di co...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 86 1533
Basterebbe che pervenisse loro un che li armati...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 87 1546
una volta il notaio in carcere, datato proprio pochi giorni prima del suo arrest...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 87 1556
delle ceneri di e nel cassetto della sua scrivania una lettera i...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 88 1564
L'arresto dei carbonari pare sia stato un anche considerando che ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 88 1566
11 gesuita lo metteva continuamente in mazziniani, repubblicani e giude...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 89 1585
Sino a che un giorno aveva mostrato una che gli era costato pochissimo in cui Nubius annunciava una...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 90 1608
Non restava che passare alla liquidazione del avvenuta secondo i modi previsti. Al vecchio si era poi schian...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 91 1612
dal fatto che il suo contributo al diario si mAnfrn rrrn

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 91 1613
suo contributo al diario si arrestava su una mentre scriveva, fosse piombato in uno stato di deliquesc...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 151 2695
e poi erano pronte per il cliente. Dissenteria prezzo abbordabile. Con le ab...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 166 2968
, che forse non sa ma potrebbe mand...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 173 3092
se ne andava a Parigi. Sempre senza un e non chiedetemi come feci, me ne solo che non sapevo che ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 174 3111
era la sua unica meta: - Feci troppo la fame e il vedervi morto non mi sazia. Sono stufo di vivere nel

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 175 3129
Poi era andato da Lagrange e gli aveva comunicato di essere a conoscenza di un complotto per uccidere l'imperatore. Sa...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 176 3147
era parso inutile sottoporli a circolavan...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 176 3157
che in fondo non gli aveva mai fatto nulla di male. Ma la sua vedova avrebbe avuto una buona p...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 177 3174
quando coloro che leggevano i libri erano

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 177 3174
già repubblicani per natura e coloro che sostenevano il dittatore erano contadini analfabeti ammessi al suffragio universale...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 178 3189
i sovrani del nostro tempo. La rivoluzione del secolo qu...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 179 3197
È una razza che passa il tempo a ricordare la e sempre pronta a soggiacere ai euiiu uci vueiiu u uiu mdiyiduu i seym...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 179 3200
sono popoli da preda che vivono della carne popoli di mercanti, com'erano una

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 179 3201
volta i fenici e i cartaginesi e oggi gli inglesi e gli ebrei.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 179 3203
Chi è diventato primo ministro in Inghilterra? il cui titolo nobiliare copre ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 179 3208
primi gesuiti erano ebrei! Questa misteriosa davanti alla quale c...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 181 3229
Toussenel questo non avrebbe interessato per nulla e occorreva dirgli qualcosa di più accumulaz...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 181 3239
Sono agenti incaricati di vigilare sulla e lì da loro il problema è molto più serio che da noi....

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 182 3261
signor Lagrange. Ma se questo Brafmann è un informatore del colonnello tutto quello che mi di...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 182 3261
signor Lagrange. Ma se questo Brafmann è un informatore del colonnello tutto quello che mi dirà sarà già ...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 182 3264
che confermano quelle che lui ha già.

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 183 3279
un popolo così vitale doveva costituire un governo unico in ogni paese in cui andava a viver...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 286 5129
Poi aveva aggiunto: - Il fatto è che occorre tenere questa creatura segregata. E non questa non è una...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 304 5443
Così Taxil (coperto da Bataille) da un lato faceva contenti i suoi mandanti ecclesiastici e dall'altro non irritava i suoi creditori ebr...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 308 5526
essa posa virginale il capo sulle mie spalle e piangendo mi implora di assolverla. Il tep...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 309 5538
23 DODICI ANNI BEN SPESI Dai diari del 15 e 16 aprile 1897 A questo punto non solo le pagine del diario di Dalla Piccola

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 334 5994
ebbrezze

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 335 6007
chiasso

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 336 6018
un accenno di rivoluzione. Di che preoccupare le prime pagine dei giornali per e addio Panama. Il border...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 366 6571
ispira si siano dissolti per lasciare spazio solo come se un liquore mai assaporato mi scorresse per 1...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 399 7164
gli servono vivi per avere un buon nemico. - Storie. Un buon nemico lo si trova perché lav...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 400 7185
DIARIO INTERROTTO 20 dicembre 1898 Dopo aver consegnato a Golovinskij tutto il materiale che ancora avevo per i Protoc...

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 400 7185

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 400 7185

Umberto Eco: Il cimitero di Praga, 400 7185
-----------------------------------------

22 Friedrich von Schiller:
Sämtliche Werke von Friedrich von Schiller


KindleLink: Friedrich von Schiller: Sämtliche Werke von Friedrich von Schiller
AjkReview: ajk

354001 Zweite Scene.
368pages

Friedrich von Schiller: Sämtliche Werke von Friedrich von Schiller, 163 2700
»Wer nur eine Rübe vom Acker stiehlt, daß ich's erfahre, läßt seinen Kopf hier, so wahr ich Moor heiße.« - Wir dürfen nicht rauben. Razmann

Friedrich von Schiller: Sämtliche Werke von Friedrich von Schiller, 177 2918
Hat euch die Geschichte nicht aus dem Schlummer gerüttelt? der ewige Schlaf würde wach worden sein! Schaut her, schaut her! die Gesetze der Welt sind Würfelspiel worden, das Band der Natur ist entzwei, die alte Zwietracht ist los, der Sohn hat seinen...

01 Zweite Scene.

FileTop o BookTop

Friedrich von Schiller: Sämtliche Werke von Friedrich von Schiller, 354 5596
Der Schauplatz wie in der letzten Scene des vorigen Akts. Der alte Moor auf einem Stein sitzend. Räuber

23 Charles Dickens:
The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club


KindleLink: Charles Dickens: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club
AjkReview: ajk

11 Contents Preface to the Charles Dickens Edition of 1867
666pages

1pages

1 Contents Preface to the Charles Dickens Edition of 1867

1101 CHAPTER I The Pickwickians.
6102 CHAPTER II The First Day's Journey, and the First Evening's Adventures; With Their Consequences That punctual
29103 CHAPTER III A New Acquaintance—The Stroller's Tale—A Disagreeable Interruption, and an unpleasant Encounter
38104 CHAPTER IV A Field Day and Bivouac—More New Friends—An Invitation To the Country
48105 CHAPTER V A Short One—Showing, Among Other Matters, How Mr. Pickwick Undertook To Drive, and Mr. Winkle To
56106 CHAPTER VI An Old-fashioned Card-Party—The Clergyman's Verses—The Story of the Convict's Return Several guests who were
69107 CHAPTER VII How Mr. Winkle, Instead of Shooting at the Pigeon and Killing the Crow, Shot at the sluggard, rookery.
92108 CHAPTER VIII Strongly Illustrative of the Position, That the Course of True Love Is Not a Railway
92109 CHAPTER IX A Discovery and a Chase The supper was ready laid, the chairs were drawn
100110 CHAPTER X Clearing Up All Doubts (If Any Existed) of the Disinterestedness of Mr. A. Jingle's Character
112111 CHAPTER XI Involving Another Journey, and an Antiquarian Discovery; Recording Mr. Pickwick's Determination To Be Present at an
126112 CHAPTER XII Descriptive of a Very Important Proceeding on the Part of Mr. Pickwick; No Less an Epoch
132113 CHAPTER XIII Some Account of Eatanswill; of the State of Parties Therein; and of the Election of a Member To Serve In Parliament For That Ancient, Loyal, And Patriotic Borough
147114 CHAPTER XIV Comprising a Brief Description of the Company at the Peacock Assembled; and a Tale Told By a Bagman
161115 CHAPTER XV In Which Is Given a Faithful Portraiture of Two Distinguished Persons; and an Accurate Description of a Public Breakfast In Their House and Grounds: Which Public Breakfast Leads To the Recognition of an Old Acquaintance, and the Commencement of Another
174116 CHAPTER XVI Too Full of Adventure To Be Briefly Described
185117 CHAPTER XVII Showing That An Attack of Rheumatism, In Some Cases, Acts As a Quickener To Inventive Genius
197118 CHAPTER XVIII Briefly Illustrative of Two Points; First, the Power of Hysterics, and, Secondly, the Force of Circumstances
206119 CHAPTER XIX A Pleasant Day With An Unpleasant Termination
218120 CHAPTER XX Showing How Dodson and Fogg Were Men of Business, and Their Clerks Men of Pleasure; And
232121 CHAPTER XXI In Which the Old Man Launches Forth Into His Favourite Theme, and Relates a Story About
246122 CHAPTER XXII Mr. Pickwick Journeys to Ipswich and Meets With a Romantic Adventure With a Middle-aged Lady In Yellow Curl-Papers
259123 CHAPTER XXIII In Which Mr. Samuel Weller Begins to Devote His Energies to the Return Match Between Himself and Mr. Trotter
280124 CHAPTER XXIV Wherein Mr. Peter Magnus Grows Jealous, and the Middle-Aged Lady Apprehensive, Which Brings the Pickwickians Within the Grasp of the Law
296125 CHAPTER XXVI Which Contains a Brief Account of the Progress of the Action of Bardell Against Pickwick
296126 CHAPTER XXVII Samuel Weller Makes a Pilgrimage to Dorking, and Beholds His Mother-in-Law
311127 CHAPTER XXVIII A Good-Humoured Christmas Chapter, Containing an Account of a Wedding, and Some Other Sports Beside: Which Although In Their Way, Even as Good Customs as Marriage Itself, are Not Quite So Religiously Kept Up, In These Degenerate Times
328128 CHAPTER XXIX The Story of the Goblins Who Stole a Sexton
337129 CHAPTER XXX How The Pickwickians Made and Cultivated the Acquaintance of a Couple of Nice Young Men Belonging to One of the Liberal Professions; How They Disported Themselves On the Ice; and How Their Visit Came to a Conclusion
346130 CHAPTER XXXI Which Is All About the Law, and Sundry Great Authorities Learned Therein
360131 CHAPTER XXXII Describes, Far More Fully Than the Court Newsman Ever Did, a Bachelor's Party, Given By Mr. Bob Sawyer at His Lodgings in the Borough
371132 CHAPTER XXXIII Mr. Weller the Elder Delivers Some Critical Sentiments Respecting Literary Composition; and, Assisted By His Son Samuel, Pays a Small Instalment of Retaliation to the Account of the Reverend Gentleman With the Red Nose
385133 CHAPTER XXXIV Is Wholly Devoted to a Full and Faithful Report of the Memorable Trial of Bardell Against Pickwick
405134 CHAPTER XXXV In Which Mr. Pickwick Thinks He Had Better Go to Bath; and Goes Accordingly
418135 CHAPTER XXXVI The Chief Features of Which Will Be Found to Be an Authentic Version of the Legend of Prince Bladud, and a Most Extraordinary Calamity That Befell Mr. Winkle
427136 CHAPTER XXXVII Honourably Accounts For Mr. Weller's Absence, By Describing a Soiree to Which He Was Invited and Went; Also Relates How He Was Entrusted By Mr. Pickwick With a Private Mission of Delicacy and Importance
439137 CHAPTER XXXVIII How Mr. Winkle, When He Stepped Out of the Frying-Pan, Walked Gently and Comfortably Into the Fire
450138 CHAPTER XXXIX Mr. Samuel Weller, Being Intrusted With a Mission of Love, Proceeds to Execute It; With What Success Will Hereinafter Appear
463139 CHAPTER XL Introduces Mr. Pickwick to a New and Not Uninteresting Scene In the Great Drama of Life
471140 CHAPTER XLI What Befell Mr. Pickwick When He Got Into the Fleet; What Prisoners He Saw There, and How He Passed the Night
484141 CHAPTER XLII Illustrative, Like the Preceding One, of the Old Proverb, That Adversity Brings a Man Acquainted With Strange Bedfellows—Likewise Containing Mr. Pickwick's Extraordinary and Startling Announcement to Mr. Samuel Weller
497142 CHAPTER XLIII Showing How Mr. Samuel Weller Got Into Difficulties I
508143 CHAPTER XLIV Treats of Divers Little Matters Which Occurred In the Fleet, and of Mr. Winkle's Mysterious Behaviour; and Shows How the Poor Chancery Prisoner Obtained His Release At Last
520144 CHAPTER XLV Descriptive of an Affecting Interview Between Mr. Samuel Weller and a Family Party. Mr. Pickwick Makes a Tour of the Diminutive World He Inhabits, and Resolves To Mix With It, In Future, As Little As Possible
535145 CHAPTER XLVI Records a Touching Act of Delicate Feeling, Not Unmixed With Pleasantry, Achieved and Performed By Messrs. Dodson and Fogg
543146 CHAPTER XLVII Is Chiefly Devoted to Matters of Business, and the Temporal Advantage of Dodson and Fogg—Mr. Winkle Reappears Under Extraordinary Circumstances—Mr. Pickwick's Benevolence Proves Stronger Than His Obstinacy
553147 CHAPTER XLVIII Relates How Mr. Pickwick, With the Assistance of Samuel Weller, Essayed to Soften the Heart of Mr. Benjamin Allen, and to Mollify the Wrath of Mr. Robert Sawyer
564148 CHAPTER XLIX Containing the Story of the Bagman's Uncle
578149 CHAPTER L How Mr. Pickwick Sped Upon His Mission, and How He Was Reinforced In the Outset By a Most Unexpected Auxiliary
590150 CHAPTER LI How Mr. Pickwick Sped Upon His Mission, and How He Was Reinforced In the Outset By a Most Unexpected Auxiliary 'Good,' said the stranger. 'Coachman, I get down here. Guard, my carpet-bag!' Bidding the other passengers good-night, in a rather
603151 CHAPTER LII Involving a Serious Change In the Weller Family, and the Untimely Downfall of Mr. Stiggins
614152 CHAPTER LIII Comprising the Final Exit of Mr. Jingle and Job Trotter, With a Great Morning of Business In Gray's Inn Square—Concluding With a Double Knock At Mr. Perker's Door
625153 CHAPTER LIV Containing Some Particulars Relative to the Double Knock, and Other Matters: Among Which Certain Interesting Disclosures Relative to Mr. Snodgrass and a Young Lady Are By No Means Irrelevant to This History
639154 CHAPTER LV Mr. Solomon Pell, Assisted By a Select Committee of Coachmen, Arranges the Affairs of the Elder Mr. Weller
660155 CHAPTER LVII In Which the Pickwick Club is Finally Dissolved, and Everything Concluded to the Satisfaction of Everybody
666156 END
666157 PICKWICK PAPERS: PREMIUM EDITION (UNABRIDGED, ILLUSTRATED, TABLE OF CONTENTS)
666158 Pickwick Papers Charles Dickens
666pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 CHAPTER I The Pickwickians.

FileTop o BookTop

02 CHAPTER II The First Day's Journey, and the First Evening's Adventures; With Their Consequences That punctual

FileTop o BookTop

03 CHAPTER III A New Acquaintance—The Stroller's Tale—A Disagreeable Interruption, and an unpleasant Encounter

FileTop o BookTop

04 CHAPTER IV A Field Day and Bivouac—More New Friends—An Invitation To the Country

FileTop o BookTop

05 CHAPTER V A Short One—Showing, Among Other Matters, How Mr. Pickwick Undertook To Drive, and Mr. Winkle To

FileTop o BookTop

06 CHAPTER VI An Old-fashioned Card-Party—The Clergyman's Verses—The Story of the Convict's Return Several guests who were

FileTop o BookTop

07 CHAPTER VII How Mr. Winkle, Instead of Shooting at the Pigeon and Killing the Crow, Shot at the sluggard, rookery.

FileTop o BookTop

Charles Dickens: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, 74 1872
not unmixed with interest.

08 CHAPTER VIII Strongly Illustrative of the Position, That the Course of True Love Is Not a Railway

FileTop o BookTop

09 CHAPTER IX A Discovery and a Chase The supper was ready laid, the chairs were drawn

FileTop o BookTop

10 CHAPTER X Clearing Up All Doubts (If Any Existed) of the Disinterestedness of Mr. A. Jingle's Character

FileTop o BookTop

Charles Dickens: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, 102 2580
Where is it?' 'Paul's Churchyard, sir; low archway on the carriage side, bookseller's at one corner, hot-el on the other,

Charles Dickens: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, 104 2630
'My friend,' said the thin gentleman. 'You're one o' the adwice gratis order,' thought Sam, 'or you wouldn't be

11 CHAPTER XI Involving Another Journey, and an Antiquarian Discovery; Recording Mr. Pickwick's Determination To Be Present at an

FileTop o BookTop

Charles Dickens: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, 119 3010
was of no use trying to sleep; so he got up and partially dressed himself. Anything, he thought, was better

Charles Dickens: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, 119 3010
Mr. Pickwick's knife and fork fell from his hand. He stared across the table at Mr. Tupman, who had dropped

12 CHAPTER XII Descriptive of a Very Important Proceeding on the Part of Mr. Pickwick; No Less an Epoch

FileTop o BookTop

13 CHAPTER XIII Some Account of Eatanswill; of the State of Parties Therein; and of the Election of a Member To Serve In Parliament For That Ancient, Loyal, And Patriotic Borough

FileTop o BookTop

14 CHAPTER XIV Comprising a Brief Description of the Company at the Peacock Assembled; and a Tale Told By a Bagman

FileTop o BookTop

15 CHAPTER XV In Which Is Given a Faithful Portraiture of Two Distinguished Persons; and an Accurate Description of a Public Breakfast In Their House and Grounds: Which Public Breakfast Leads To the Recognition of an Old Acquaintance, and the Commencement of Another

FileTop o BookTop

16 CHAPTER XVI Too Full of Adventure To Be Briefly Described

FileTop o BookTop

17 CHAPTER XVII Showing That An Attack of Rheumatism, In Some Cases, Acts As a Quickener To Inventive Genius

FileTop o BookTop

18 CHAPTER XVIII Briefly Illustrative of Two Points; First, the Power of Hysterics, and, Secondly, the Force of Circumstances

FileTop o BookTop

19 CHAPTER XIX A Pleasant Day With An Unpleasant Termination

FileTop o BookTop

20 CHAPTER XX Showing How Dodson and Fogg Were Men of Business, and Their Clerks Men of Pleasure; And

FileTop o BookTop

21 CHAPTER XXI In Which the Old Man Launches Forth Into His Favourite Theme, and Relates a Story About

FileTop o BookTop

22 CHAPTER XXII Mr. Pickwick Journeys to Ipswich and Meets With a Romantic Adventure With a Middle-aged Lady In Yellow Curl-Papers

FileTop o BookTop

23 CHAPTER XXIII In Which Mr. Samuel Weller Begins to Devote His Energies to the Return Match Between Himself and Mr. Trotter

FileTop o BookTop

24 CHAPTER XXIV Wherein Mr. Peter Magnus Grows Jealous, and the Middle-Aged Lady Apprehensive, Which Brings the Pickwickians Within the Grasp of the Law

FileTop o BookTop

25 CHAPTER XXVI Which Contains a Brief Account of the Progress of the Action of Bardell Against Pickwick

FileTop o BookTop

26 CHAPTER XXVII Samuel Weller Makes a Pilgrimage to Dorking, and Beholds His Mother-in-Law

FileTop o BookTop

27 CHAPTER XXVIII A Good-Humoured Christmas Chapter, Containing an Account of a Wedding, and Some Other Sports Beside: Which Although In Their Way, Even as Good Customs as Marriage Itself, are Not Quite So Religiously Kept Up, In These Degenerate Times

FileTop o BookTop

28 CHAPTER XXIX The Story of the Goblins Who Stole a Sexton

FileTop o BookTop

29 CHAPTER XXX How The Pickwickians Made and Cultivated the Acquaintance of a Couple of Nice Young Men Belonging to One of the Liberal Professions; How They Disported Themselves On the Ice; and How Their Visit Came to a Conclusion

FileTop o BookTop

30 CHAPTER XXXI Which Is All About the Law, and Sundry Great Authorities Learned Therein

FileTop o BookTop

Charles Dickens: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, 346 8751
I wish you'd come and see me,' said Bob Sawyer. 'Nothing would give me greater pleasure,' replied Mr. Pickwick.

31 CHAPTER XXXII Describes, Far More Fully Than the Court Newsman Ever Did, a Bachelor's Party, Given By Mr. Bob Sawyer at His Lodgings in the Borough

FileTop o BookTop

32 CHAPTER XXXIII Mr. Weller the Elder Delivers Some Critical Sentiments Respecting Literary Composition; and, Assisted By His Son Samuel, Pays a Small Instalment of Retaliation to the Account of the Reverend Gentleman With the Red Nose

FileTop o BookTop

33 CHAPTER XXXIV Is Wholly Devoted to a Full and Faithful Report of the Memorable Trial of Bardell Against Pickwick

FileTop o BookTop

34 CHAPTER XXXV In Which Mr. Pickwick Thinks He Had Better Go to Bath; and Goes Accordingly

FileTop o BookTop

35 CHAPTER XXXVI The Chief Features of Which Will Be Found to Be an Authentic Version of the Legend of Prince Bladud, and a Most Extraordinary Calamity That Befell Mr. Winkle

FileTop o BookTop

36 CHAPTER XXXVII Honourably Accounts For Mr. Weller's Absence, By Describing a Soiree to Which He Was Invited and Went; Also Relates How He Was Entrusted By Mr. Pickwick With a Private Mission of Delicacy and Importance

FileTop o BookTop

37 CHAPTER XXXVIII How Mr. Winkle, When He Stepped Out of the Frying-Pan, Walked Gently and Comfortably Into the Fire

FileTop o BookTop

38 CHAPTER XXXIX Mr. Samuel Weller, Being Intrusted With a Mission of Love, Proceeds to Execute It; With What Success Will Hereinafter Appear

FileTop o BookTop

Charles Dickens: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, 457 11559
here poor Arabella wept so bitterly that Sam grew chivalrous. 'It may seem wery strange talkin' to me about these

39 CHAPTER XL Introduces Mr. Pickwick to a New and Not Uninteresting Scene In the Great Drama of Life

FileTop o BookTop

Charles Dickens: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, 463 11711
The vehicle was not exactly a gig, neither was it a stanhope. It was not what is currently denominated a dog-cart, neither was it a taxed cart, nor a chaise-cart, nor a guillotined cabriolet; and yet it had something of the character of each and ...

40 CHAPTER XLI What Befell Mr. Pickwick When He Got Into the Fleet; What Prisoners He Saw There, and How He Passed the Night

FileTop o BookTop

41 CHAPTER XLII Illustrative, Like the Preceding One, of the Old Proverb, That Adversity Brings a Man Acquainted With Strange Bedfellows—Likewise Containing Mr. Pickwick's Extraordinary and Startling Announcement to Mr. Samuel Weller

FileTop o BookTop

42 CHAPTER XLIII Showing How Mr. Samuel Weller Got Into Difficulties I

FileTop o BookTop

43 CHAPTER XLIV Treats of Divers Little Matters Which Occurred In the Fleet, and of Mr. Winkle's Mysterious Behaviour; and Shows How the Poor Chancery Prisoner Obtained His Release At Last

FileTop o BookTop

44 CHAPTER XLV Descriptive of an Affecting Interview Between Mr. Samuel Weller and a Family Party. Mr. Pickwick Makes a Tour of the Diminutive World He Inhabits, and Resolves To Mix With It, In Future, As Little As Possible

FileTop o BookTop

45 CHAPTER XLVI Records a Touching Act of Delicate Feeling, Not Unmixed With Pleasantry, Achieved and Performed By Messrs. Dodson and Fogg

FileTop o BookTop

46 CHAPTER XLVII Is Chiefly Devoted to Matters of Business, and the Temporal Advantage of Dodson and Fogg—Mr. Winkle Reappears Under Extraordinary Circumstances—Mr. Pickwick's Benevolence Proves Stronger Than His Obstinacy

FileTop o BookTop

47 CHAPTER XLVIII Relates How Mr. Pickwick, With the Assistance of Samuel Weller, Essayed to Soften the Heart of Mr. Benjamin Allen, and to Mollify the Wrath of Mr. Robert Sawyer

FileTop o BookTop

48 CHAPTER XLIX Containing the Story of the Bagman's Uncle

FileTop o BookTop

49 CHAPTER L How Mr. Pickwick Sped Upon His Mission, and How He Was Reinforced In the Outset By a Most Unexpected Auxiliary

FileTop o BookTop

50 CHAPTER LI How Mr. Pickwick Sped Upon His Mission, and How He Was Reinforced In the Outset By a Most Unexpected Auxiliary 'Good,' said the stranger. 'Coachman, I get down here. Guard, my carpet-bag!' Bidding the other passengers good-night, in a rather

FileTop o BookTop

51 CHAPTER LII Involving a Serious Change In the Weller Family, and the Untimely Downfall of Mr. Stiggins

FileTop o BookTop

52 CHAPTER LIII Comprising the Final Exit of Mr. Jingle and Job Trotter, With a Great Morning of Business In Gray's Inn Square—Concluding With a Double Knock At Mr. Perker's Door

FileTop o BookTop

Charles Dickens: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, 625 15808
Which way?' said the boy, in a slow and sleepy voice. 'Why, like forty hackney-coachmen,' replied the clerk. 'Because master

53 CHAPTER LIV Containing Some Particulars Relative to the Double Knock, and Other Matters: Among Which Certain Interesting Disclosures Relative to Mr. Snodgrass and a Young Lady Are By No Means Irrelevant to This History

FileTop o BookTop

54 CHAPTER LV Mr. Solomon Pell, Assisted By a Select Committee of Coachmen, Arranges the Affairs of the Elder Mr. Weller

FileTop o BookTop

Charles Dickens: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, 641 16213
actually thought more than once that he'd have sunk under 'em; I did, indeed.' Here Mr. Pell shook his head

55 CHAPTER LVII In Which the Pickwick Club is Finally Dissolved, and Everything Concluded to the Satisfaction of Everybody

FileTop o BookTop

56 END

FileTop o BookTop

57 PICKWICK PAPERS: PREMIUM EDITION (UNABRIDGED, ILLUSTRATED, TABLE OF CONTENTS)

FileTop o BookTop

58 Pickwick Papers Charles Dickens

FileTop o BookTop

24 Johann Wolfgang Goethe:
Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre


KindleLink: Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre
AjkReview: ajk

11 Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre
443pages

1pages

1 Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre

1101 Flucht nach Ägypten
443pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 Flucht nach Ägypten

FileTop o BookTop

Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre, 270 4462
»Le sens commun est le Genie de I'humanité.«

Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre, 271 4465
Die Menschheit ist bedingt durch Bedürfnisse. Sind diese nicht befriedigt, so erweist sie sich ungeduldig; sind sie befriedigt, so erscheint sie gleichgültig.

Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre, 276 4560
Wenn man die Probleme des Aristoteles ansieht, so erstaunt man über die Gabe des Bemerkens und für was alles die Griechen Augen gehabt haben. Nur begehen sie den Fehler der Übereilung, da sie von dem Phänomen unmittelbar zur Erklärung

Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre, 276 4562
schreiten, wodurch denn ganz unzulängliche theoretische Aussprüche zum Vorschein kommen. Dieses ist jedoch der allgemeine Fehler, der noch heutzutage begangen wird.

Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre, 277 4566
Meine Maxime bei der Naturforschung ist; das Gewisse festzuhalten und dem Ungewissen aufzupassen.

Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre, 279 4599
Das Wahre fördert; aus dem Irrtum entwickelt sich nichts, er verwickelt uns nur.

Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre, 279 4611
Nichts ist widerwärtiger als die Majorität: denn sie besteht aus wenigen kräftigen Vorgängern, aus Schelmen die sich akkommodieren, aus Schwachen die sich assimilieren, und der Masse, die nachtrollt, ohne nur im mindesten zu wissen, was sie will.

25 Fernandez íñigo Luis E.:
Breve Historia de España I: Las raices


KindleLink: Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices
AjkReview: ajk

3001 índice
4002 España Montañeses
6003 Prólogo
11004 Introducción
15005 Cuando España no era aún España 1 Cuando España no era aún España
44006 Hijos de la loba romana
81007 Bajo el signo de la media luna
119008 La recuperación de España
163009 La hegemonía hispánica
208010 Un gigante con de barro
252011 Bibliografía
256pages

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 2 8
Título: Breve historia de España I: Las raíces Autor:

01 índice

FileTop o BookTop

02 España Montañeses

FileTop o BookTop

03 Prólogo

FileTop o BookTop

04 Introducción

FileTop o BookTop

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 15 138
que los árboles nos impiden ver el bosque.

05 Cuando España no era aún España 1 Cuando España no era aún España


0501 Orígenes
0502 Depredadores
0503 Agricultores
0504 Una tardía NEOLITIZACIÓN
0505 UNA TARDÍA NEOLITIZACIÓN La
0506 23301307040856 LOS SEÑORES DE LAPÚRPURA Y DEL HIERRO LOS FENICIOS Y LOS CELTAS
0507 LOS HIJOS DE DIDO: LOS CARTAGINESES

FileTop o BookTop

0501 Orígenes

0502 Depredadores

0503 Agricultores

0504 Una tardía NEOLITIZACIÓN

0505 UNA TARDÍA NEOLITIZACIÓN La

0506 23301307040856 LOS SEÑORES DE LAPÚRPURA Y DEL HIERRO LOS FENICIOS Y LOS CELTAS

0507 LOS HIJOS DE DIDO: LOS CARTAGINESES

06 Hijos de la loba romana


0601 Bajo las águilas de roma
0602 Y TRAS LA ESPADA, LA TOGA
0603 Latifundios y minas
0604 Señores y esclavos
0605 De Júpiter a Cristo
0606 La agonía del Imperio
0607 El legado de Roma

FileTop o BookTop

0601 Bajo las águilas de roma

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 53 527
estos terminaron por liderarlos, y la lucha en la arena política se trasladó pronto al campo de batalla.

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 55 542
traspasó con sus legiones el Rubicon, frontera simbólica de Italia que, de acuerdo con la ley, los generales no podían cruzar con sus tropas.

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 56 554
Esta tercera guerra civil será, no obstante, la última.

0602 Y TRAS LA ESPADA, LA TOGA

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 57 566
Senado colocaba a un gobernador anual con el título de pretor.

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 59 583
Allí donde imperaban aún las instituciones y las creencias autóctonas no había ciudades, sino populi, territorios sometidos a la

0603 Latifundios y minas

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 62 621
Bellísimos mosaicos y ricos tapices orientales, exquisitas cerámicas griegas, bronces y joyas de Alejandría, vinos del Egeo y de Campania, e incluso exóticas aves tropicales, arribaban a los puertos hispanos prontos a satisfacer los caprichos de la ...

0604 Señores y esclavos

0605 De Júpiter a Cristo

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 66 657
pero en camino ya hacia una cierta unidad por obra de fenicios y griegos.

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 67 669
Pero ya entonces, soldados y comerciantes, cansados de la prosaica religión estatal y deseosos de seguridad frente a un mundo que cambiaba demasiado deprisa, volvían sus ojos hacia Oriente y traían a Hispania sus cultos intensos y misteriosos. A larg...

0606 La agonía del Imperio

0607 El legado de Roma

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 77 772
La historia de estos primeros siglos del Medievo en Hispania será así la crónica de la romanización de los visigodos.

07 Bajo el signo de la media luna


0701 El colapso visigodo
0702 Un Estado frágil
0703 Una economía floreciente
0704 Un pueblo que amaba la belleza

FileTop o BookTop

0701 El colapso visigodo

0702 Un Estado frágil

0703 Una economía floreciente

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 106 1065
No es raro, pues. que el comercio y la artesanía recuperen bajo los conquistadores musulmanes el vigor perdido siglos atrás.

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 110 1099
Y segundo, porque en la sociedad andalusí, junto a la línea que separaba a creyentes y no creyentes, que reconocían las leyes, hubo siempre otra, la que distanciaba a pobres y ricos, que carecía de sanción jurídica, pero constituía una incontestable...

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 114 1140
La sociedad andalusí se dividía, desde este punto de vista, en tres grandes clases que constituían una pirámide imaginaria. En la cúspide, el sector menos numeroso y más privilegiado, la jassa, príncipes y altos funcionarios que disfrutaban ricas concesiones estatales, elevadas pensiones y beneficiosas exenciones fiscales. En la base, la amma, la plebe de tenderos, artesanos, t...

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 114 1146
La sociedad andalusí, en suma, no se distinguía tanto de sus contemporáneas cristianas. La religión, el poder y el dinero levantaban muros entre individuos y grupos, más transparentes y menos gruesos en este caso, pero, al cabo, también infranqueables.

0704 Un pueblo que amaba la belleza

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 115 1154
A grandes rasgos, el islam se benefició de su posición geográfica intermedia entre el Oriente, más avanzado cultural y tecnológicamente, y el occidente, aún no recuperado del trauma de las invasiones bárbaras, y desempeñó un papel de asimilación y di...

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 117 1170
Gracias a ello alumbraron las tierras andalusíes figuras de la talla de Averroes, médico y filósofo del siglo XII cuyos comentarios de Aristóteles tuvieron enorme resonancia en la Europa medieval e incluso influyeron en la obra de santo Tomás de Aqui... enseñaron en Oriente y ejercieron considerable influencia en figuras posteriores como el mallorquín Ramón Llull o el mismo Dante, o los historiadores Ibn Hayyan, sin duda el más importante de la España medieval, que vivió en el siglo XI, e Ibn Jaldun...

08 La recuperación de España


0801 4 Montañeses y visigodos
0802 Repoblación
0803 Reconquista el Diccionario de la lengua española
0804 El renacer de la vida urbana
0805 El otoño del Medioevo
0806 El legado de la edad Media

FileTop o BookTop

0801 4 Montañeses y visigodos

0802 Repoblación

0803 Reconquista el Diccionario de la lengua española

0804 El renacer de la vida urbana

0805 El otoño del Medioevo

0806 El legado de la edad Media

09 La hegemonía hispánica


0901 5 Unidad
0902 Imperio
0903 Una dinastía extranjera
0904 Penuria y oropeles

FileTop o BookTop

0901 5 Unidad

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 173 1744
No, para aquellas gentes solo había algo capaz de superar en poder de cohesión a la pulsión tribal instintiva: la fe.

0902 Imperio

0903 Una dinastía extranjera

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 196 1976
El fracaso de la que los ingleses dieron en llamar Armada Invencible, sin duda para acrecer el valor de su derrota , no supuso el fin del poderío naval español.

0904 Penuria y oropeles

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 205 2065
La Corte se hizo al fin

10 Un gigante con de barro


1001 6 Decadencia
1002 Las españas de américa
1003 La fatiga del imperio
1004 Siglos de oro

FileTop o BookTop

1001 6 Decadencia

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 213 2142
Con ello perdió nuestro país la batalla del comercio exterior a manos de los decididos comerciantes ingleses, franceses y holandeses, y terminó también por entregarles su mercado doméstico y el aún más preciado de las Indias, que requerían cada vez m...

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 221 2224
verdad seguía allí, contumaz, sin que la vieran ni el rey ni su valido. España no tenía ya nervio para sostener su Imperio. Pronto perdería el papel principal en el drama de la Historia y había de verse forzada a salir, humillada, del escenario.

1002 Las españas de américa

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 225 2263
una nueva clase social enriquecida por el desarrollo agrario, ganadero y comercial: los criollos .

1003 La fatiga del imperio

1004 Siglos de oro

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 237 2394
Miguel de Cervantes traza en su Quijote el mejor retrato del alma hispana, a la par grande y mísera, soñadora y cicatera, en una metáfora perfecta de aquella España incapaz de disimular que los picaros de

Fernandez íñigo Luis E.: Breve Historia de España I: Las raices, 237 2394
Pero eso es otra historia... o, mejor dicho, la otra parte de esta historia. Glosario

11 Bibliografía

FileTop o BookTop

26 Balzac Honoré de:
La Maison du Chat-qui-pelote (French Edition)


KindleLink: Balzac Honoré de: La Maison du Chat-qui-pelote (French Edition)
AjkReview: ajk

61pages

27 Honoré de Balzac:
Le père Goriot


KindleLink: Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot
AjkReview: ajk

1001 Une pension bourgeoise
92002 L’entrée dans le monde
165003 Trompe-la-mort Deux jours
230004 La mort du père
269pages

01 Une pension bourgeoise

FileTop o BookTop

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 6 79
carafes échancrées, ternies,

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 12 168
inconnu, des fleurs, des perles,

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 15 216
lois, à fouetter la haute

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 31 478
remplacer les anges du ciel.

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 43 661
Votre comtesse se nomme Anastasie

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 55 855
qui menait à la fois

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 66 1024
tardivement qu'il devait se rencontrer

02 L’entrée dans le monde

FileTop o BookTop

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 101 1588
- Remontons, ma chère petite,

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 122 1915
Beauséant, dans un coupé rapide,

03 Trompe-la-mort Deux jours

FileTop o BookTop

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 178 2802
Ce dernier mot faisait sans

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 187 2937
- Ça m’est égal, il

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 203 3199
qu’il arracha des cris de

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 203 3199
tardivement qu'il devait se rencontrer

04 La mort du père

FileTop o BookTop

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 269 4241
aux Incurables un vieillard hébété

Honoré de Balzac: Le père Goriot, 269 4241
-----------------------------------------

28 Honoré de Balzac:
Eugenie Grandet


KindleLink: Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet
AjkReview: ajk

168pages

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 1 5
maisons dont la vue inspire

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 7 94
jamais rien à personne, qui,

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 7 98
vendue, lui avait rapporte plus de deux cent quarante mille livres. Financierement parlant, monsieur Grandet tenait du tigr...

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 16 238
denrees necessaires ä la consommation journaliere. La Grande Nanon etait peut- etre la seule creature humaine capable d...

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 20 309
jaune comme un coing.

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 25 388
attache ä la boutonniere de

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 27 414
des preuves d'amitie dont eile etait la dupe; tout contribuait ä rendre cette scene tristement comique. N'est-ce pas...

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 27 414
des preuves d’amitie dont eile

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 28 430
—Madame Grandet, allez à votre loto. Laissez-moi m’entendre avec monsieur. Puis il tira vivement la porte de la salle, oü le...

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 28 435
—Ce ne peut etre qu’un

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 28 436
—Faisons les mises, s’ecria doucement Madame Grandet. A sa voix, j'ai vu que monsieur Grandet etait contrarie, peut-...

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 34 516
affectee, son mepris pour le

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 34 518
Les numeros se tiraient fort lentement, mais bientöt le loto fut arrete.

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 80 1244
beaute speciale. II admira des

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 81 1261
decampa. La pauvre femme fut trop heureuse d'acheter la paix pour onze francs. Elle savait que Grandet se taisait...

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 83 1306
ambages incomprehensibles dans lesquels Grandet

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 84 1317
En faisant taillite, un homme est deshonore; mais en liquidant, il reste honnete homme.

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 84 1320
greffe du tribunal,

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 86 1350
Quand il n'y a pas eu de declaration de faillite et que vous tenez les titres de creances, vous devenez blanc comme n...

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 89 1387
nous venons vous exprimer toute la part que nous prenons ä ce triste evenement.

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 93 1454
personne dans le quartier ne soupgonna ni le depart de Grandet ni l'objet de son voyage. La discretion du bonhomme et...

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 93 1458
le tresor la somme necessaire ä l'achat de ses rentes apres l'avoir grossie de l'agio.

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 93 1461
l'oreille, une plainte qui perga

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 137 2161
de six francs sur le

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 138 2164
—Bonte du del! Eugenie, cria

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 146 2298
devant lui et qu’elle baignät

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 161 2529
ouaille cherie. Vous aimez trop sincerement Dieu

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 169 2657
Les gens de Saumur s'occupent

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 169 2659
Ni la grande Nanon, ni

Honoré de Balzac: Eugenie Grandet, 169 2660
-----------------------------------------

29 Treitschke Heinrich von:
Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil


KindleLink: Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil
AjkReview: ajk

21 Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - Erster Band
274pages

2pages

1 Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - Erster Band

2101 Vorwort
274pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 Vorwort


0101 Einleitung
0102 Bis zum Zweiten Pariser Frieden
0103 A. Einleitung / Der Untergang des Reichs Deutschland nach dem Westfälischen Frieden
0104 Anfänge des brandenburg-preußischen Staates
0105 Grundgedanken der neuen deutschen Gesittung, die Glaubensfreiheit.
0106 Friedrich der Große und der deutsche Dualismus
0107 Die neue Literatur
0108 Revolution und Fremdherrschaft Die Neugestaltung der deutschen Staatenwelt durch Napoleon und der Reichsdeputationshauptschluß 1803
0109 Preußens Erhebung Freiherr vom Stein
0110 B. Die Anfänge des Deutschen Bundes, 1814-1819 Der Wiener Kongreß
0111 Die deutsche Bundesakte
0112 Belle-Alliance Napoleon
0113 Bis zu den Karlsbader Beschlüssen
0114 Geistige Strömungen der ersten Friedensjahre schrieb Arndt
0115 Die Wiederherstellung des preußischen Staates
0116 Die Burschenschaft Das Wartburgfest
0117 Die Karlsbader Beschlüsse Die Teplitzer Punktation Beschlüsse Die
0118 Bis zur Julirevolution
0119 Die letzten Reformen Hardenbergs
0120 Politische Zustände in Preußen
0121 Der Ausgang des preußischen Verfassungskampfes
0122 Die Großmächte und die Trias Verhandlungen des Bundestags über die Bundeskriegsverfassung
0123 Preußische Zustände nach Hardenbergs Tod Da kehrte im Jahre 1827 Alexander Humboldt nach Berlin zurück, um fortan nach dem Wunsche des Königs in freier Muße am heimischen Hofe zu leben. Es war ein Wendepunkt in der Geschichte unserer Bildung.
0124 Literarische Vorboten einer neuen Zeit Goethe
0125 Mit Besorgnis betrachtete Goethe diese neue soziale Krankheit.
0126 Geschichtswissenschaft - Radikalismus und Judentum

FileTop o BookTop

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 3 40
man liest Treitschke um Treitschkes willen, nicht wegen der Sache.«

0101 Einleitung

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 5 72
Verbindung von Staat und Gesellschaft, und die Auffassung, daß der Staat nur das organisierte Volk sei.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 12 189
»die wir die niederste Klasse nennen«, »für Gott gewiß die höchste Menschenklasse«

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 13 195
Auf der ändern Seite blieb er gerade hier der alte Individualist und hielt an dem Glauben der liberalen Generation vor der Reichsgründung fest, daß die soziale Frage im wesentlichen durch eine sittliche Veredelung der untersten Schichten zu lösen sei...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 13 199
Für ihn blieb auch in diesen Zeiten das Bürgertum der Stand, »auf dem die eigentliche nationale Kraft eines jeden Volkes ruht«, und so sah er in der sozialdemokratischen Bewegung nichts als eine von wenigen Demagogen gegen alles Bestehende aufgereizt...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 15 228
Denn er hat nie gekämpft um der Person und des persönlichen Vorteils willen, sondern immer für die Sache und für das, was er im Interesse seines Staates und Volkes für richtig hielt.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 16 252
Mitten in der Arbeit nahm ihm der Tod am 28. April 1896 die Feder aus der Hand. Die Vollendung seines Werkes, die bis in die letzte Stunde seine Sehnsucht war, ist ihm also nicht beschieden gewesen.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 17 271
Roggenbach verlangt von dem Geschichtschreiber mit Recht »die stete Trennung des Urteils über den moralischen Wert der handelnden Personen von dem Urteil über die nationale Bedeutung ihres Tuns«. Diese Trennung hat Treitschke nie gemacht.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 18 287
Bei Treitschke ist eben der Politiker und Historiker nicht zu trennen. Aber der Vorwurf, den ihm 1882 sein alter Freund Baumgarten zu seinem tiefem Schmerz gemacht hat, daß er die Wahrheit absichtlich entstelle, ist so ungerecht wie möglich.

0102 Bis zum Zweiten Pariser Frieden

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 20 317
(Aus dem ersten Lande der »Deutschen Geschichte«) Aus der Widmung an Max Duncker

0103 A. Einleitung / Der Untergang des Reichs Deutschland nach dem Westfälischen Frieden

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 27 443
Nur ein revolutionärer Entschluß, nur die Umwandlung des heiligen Reichs in einen Bund weltlicher Staaten konnte die Nation erretten aus solcher Unwahrheit ihres politischen Lebens:

0104 Anfänge des brandenburg-preußischen Staates

0105 Grundgedanken der neuen deutschen Gesittung, die Glaubensfreiheit.

0106 Friedrich der Große und der deutsche Dualismus

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 47 765
Und alsbald erwachte in Berlin wie in München wieder jener rettende Gedanke der Säkularisation, der sich allezeit unabwendbar aufdrängte, sobald man die heilende Hand legte an den siechen Körper des Reichs.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 48 790
Preußen oder Österreich? Die Frage der deutschen Zukunft war gestellt.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 50 823
Der unversöhnliche Gegensatz der beiden führenden Mächte Deutschlands bestimmte auf lange hinaus den Gang der europäischen Politik, entzog dem heiligen Reiche die letzte Lebenskraft.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 54 879
Der Kampf um Preußens Dasein war der erste europäische Krieg; er schuf die Einheit der neuen Staatengesellschaft und gab ihr die aristokratische Form der Pentarchie.

0107 Die neue Literatur

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 68 1115
Aus der Gedankenarbeit der Philosophen ging eine neue sittliche Weltanschauung, die Lehre der Humanität, hervor, die, aller konfessionellen Härte bar, gleichwohl fest im Boden des Protestantismus wurzelte, und schließlich allen denkenden Deutschen, den Katholiken wie den Protestanten, ein Gemeingut wurde; wer sie nicht kannte, lebte nicht mehr mit dem neuen Deutschland.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 68 1119
Deutschland vor allen ändern Völkern ein Land des Mittelstandes wurde; Der klassische Unterricht, vordem nur ein Mittel für die Fachbildung der Juristen und Theologen, wurde die Grundlage der gesamten Volksbildung; aus den zerfallenden alten Ständen erhob sich die neue Aristokratie der studierten Leute, die an hundert J...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 68 1125
erst im letzten Drittel des achtzehnten Jahrhunderts begannen die gebildeten Klassen das reine Hochdeutsch auch im täglichen Leben in Ehren zu halten.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 70 1160
literarische Revolution hat den Charakter der neuen deutschen Kultur bestimmt. Sie erhob dies Land wieder zum Kernlande der Ketzerei, indem sie den Grundgedanken der Reformation bis zu dem Rechte der voraussetzungslos freien Forschung weiterbildet.

0108 Revolution und Fremdherrschaft Die Neugestaltung der deutschen Staatenwelt durch Napoleon und der Reichsdeputationshauptschluß 1803

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 75 1232
Das neue weltliche Deutschland war der Bewegung, der Entwicklung fähig; und gelang dereinst die Befreiung von der Vormundschaft des Auslands, so konnte sich auf dem Boden des weltlichen Territorialismus vielleicht ein nationaler Gesamtstaat bilden,

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 75 1237
der Abstand zwischen den Fürsten und dem Volke, der in dem Zeitalter der absoluten Monarchie immer größer geworden, erweiterte sich jetzt noch mehr.

0109 Preußens Erhebung Freiherr vom Stein

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 81 1339
Freiherr vom Stein, der Bahnbrecher des Zeitalters der Reformen.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 82 1363
ein neues Gleichgewicht der Mächte kann nur erstehen, wenn jedes der beiden großen Völker Mitteleuropas zu einem kräftigen Staate vereinigt wird. Stein war der tiefe Verachtung gegen das Nichtige des toten Buchstabens und der Papiertätigkeit.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 84 1385
selbständige Ansicht vom Wesen politischer Freiheit, die sich zu den demokratischen Doktrinen der Revolution verhielt, wie die deutsche zur französischen Staatsgesinnung. Adam Smiths Lehre von der freien Bewegung der wirtschaftlichen Kräfte

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 84 1392
Doch der eigentliche Quell seiner politischen Überzeugung war ein starker sittlicher Idealismus, der, mehr als der Freiherr selbst gestehen wollte, durch die harte Schule des preußischen Beamtendienstes gestählt worden war.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 85 1403
denen der Waffendienst als das Ehrenrecht jedes freien Mannes, die Sorge für den Haushalt der Gemeinde als die

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 85 1404
natürliche Aufgabe des Bürgers und des Bauern erschien. Dem begehrlichen revolutionären Sinne, der von dem Staate unendliche Menschenrechte heischte, trat das strenge, altpreußische Pflichtgefühl entgegen, dem dreisten Dilettantismus der Staatsphilos...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 86 1422
Erst die Gegenwart erkennt, daß dieser stolze Mann mit der Idee des nationalen Staates auch den Gedanken der Selbstverwaltung, eine edlere, aus uralten, unvergessenen Überlieferungen der germanischen Geschichte

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 87 1433
Jedes unedle Wort verstummte, keine Beschönigung der Schwäche und der Selbstsucht wagte sich mehr heraus, wenn er seine schwerwiegenden Gedanken in markigem, altvaterischem Deutsch aussprach, ganz kunstlos, volkstümlich derb, in jener wuchtigen Kürze...

0110 B. Die Anfänge des Deutschen Bundes, 1814-1819 Der Wiener Kongreß

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 88 1454
Wie Würmer nach dem Regen krochen die kleinen Talente des Boudoirs und der Antichambre aus ihrem Versteck hervor und reckten sich behaglich aus. Die vornehme Welt war wieder ganz ungestört, ganz unter sich.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 90 1487
»Der gute Wiener Kongreß gleicht einem Jahrmarkt in einer kleinen Stadt, wo ein jeder sein Vieh hintreibt, es zu verkaufen oder zu vertauschen.«

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 91 1514
selbst die frivolen Durchschnittsmenschen der Diplomatie fingen an zu begreifen, daß der Staat doch nicht bloß Macht ist, wie das alte Jahrhundert gewähnt hatte, daß sein Leben doch nicht allein in der Belauerung und behenden Übervorteilung der Nachb...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 93 1547
und so weiter eine unendliche Reihe von Strebern, Horchern und Bittstellern.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 94 1552
schien allen eine selbstverständliche Forderung deutscher Freiheit.

0111 Die deutsche Bundesakte

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 95 1565

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 96 1587
Deutschlands innere Politik ward zu einem Luftkampfe; niemand wußte mehr, wo er eigentlich seine Gegner suchen sollte. Die entsittlichenden Wirkungen solcher Unwahrheit zeigten sich rasch genug, an den Höfen wie im Volke: feige Angst auf der einen, W...

0112 Belle-Alliance Napoleon

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 99 1641
Um Vi 12 Uhr

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 101 1674
er hatte für jeden ein ermunterndes Wort: »Kinder, ich habe meinem Bruder Wellington versprochen, daß wir kommen. Ihr wollt mich doch nicht wortbrüchig werden lassen?«

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 102 1689
Der Boden dröhnte von dem Hufschlag von 10 000 Pferden, ein Wald von Säbeln und Lanzen bedeckte die Talmulde, stundenlang schwankte das Gefecht, zehn-, zwölfmal ward die Attacke gegen einzelne Bataillone erneuert.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 104 1720
und sie fochten mit dem höchsten Mute, denn alle fühlten, daß hier die Entscheidung des ganzen Krieges lag.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 106 1752
der kranke Napoleon mußte zu Pferde davonjagen, obgleich er sich kaum im Sattel halten konnte.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 107 1767
Mit stolzen Worten dankte Blücher dem unübertrefflichen Heere, das ermöglicht habe, was alle großen Feldherren bisher für unmöglich gehalten hätten: »Solange es Geschichte gibt, wird sie euer gedenken.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 107 1775
war er gewohnt, die Stätten seiner Siege mit dem Namen seines letzten Hauptquartiers zu bezeichnen.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 108 1789
Nun nach Frankreich, nun nach Frankreich! Holt gestohlnes Gut zurück! Unsre Festen, unsre Grenzen, Unsern Teil an Siegeskränzen, Ehr' und Frieden holt zurück!

0113 Bis zu den Karlsbader Beschlüssen

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 108 1791
(Aus dem zweiten Bande der »Deutschen Geschichte«) Aus dem Vorwort

0114 Geistige Strömungen der ersten Friedensjahre schrieb Arndt

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 109 1811
wenn erst die schöne Neugeborene dieses Jahres, die verfassungsmäßige Freiheit, in alle deutschen Staaten einzieht, »dann jauchzen die Gefallenen, dann weinen die einsamen Bräute und Witwen süßere Tränen!«

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 110 1818
Deutschland war wieder das ärmste von allen Ländern Westeuropas;

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 112 1865
diese tapferen Germanen, die schon in den Lagen ihrer heidnischen Urzeit beständig von Krieg und Sieg geträumt und seitdem in jedem Jahrhundert die Welt mit dem

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 113 1866
Schalle ihrer Schwerter erfüllt hatten, schätzten den kriegerischen Ruhm niedriger als irgendein anderes Volk; sie lebten des Glaubens, Deutschlands schärfste Waffen seien seine Gedanken. Das Jahrzehnt nach Napoleons Sturze wurde für den ganzen Weltteil eine Blütezeit der Wissenschaften und Künste.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 113 1875
Und da Niebuhr als preußischer Gesandter nach Rom kam, wagte ihm niemand in der Weltstadt den Ruhm des ersten Gelehrten zu bestreiten.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 114 1895
Diese Welt von neuen Gedanken war in Deutschland durch die Arbeit dreier Generationen, der klassischen und der romantischen Dichter, langsam herangereift, sie hatte unter den Nachbarvölkern bisher nur vereinzelte Jünger gefunden und drang jetzt endli...

0115 Die Wiederherstellung des preußischen Staates

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 115 1908
Zu den fünf Millionen Einwohnern, die der Monarchie um das Jahr 1814 übriggeblieben, trat plötzlich eine Bevölkerung von 5 Vi Millionen hinzu - ein Gewirr von Ländertrümmern, zerstreut von der Prosna bis zur Maas, vor kurzem noch zu mehr als hundert T...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 117 1938
Vier keineswegs klar geschiedene Parteien bekämpften einander innerhalb der Regierung.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 120 1984
Im Drange der Geschäfte hat er nur selten die Muße gefunden, die Erlebnisse, des Tages aufzuzeichnen; seine Tagebücher enthalten oft viele Monate lang nur weiße Blätter, oft nur kurze Reisenotizen; wo sie aber über Politik reden, da zeigt sich stets ...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 138 2295
Auch sein fanatischer Haß gegen Rußland kam seinem Rufe in der liberalen Welt zu statten, wie oft wünschte er sich, in seinen Briefen an Hardenberg, einen fröhlichen Krieg wider diese Barbaren, »die auf der untersten Stufe der Entwicklung, nur bei de...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 143 2376
Das Heer hatte unter Friedrich Wilhelm I. fünfmal, unter Friedrich dem Großen fast dreimal mehr gekostet als die gesamte übrige Verwaltung; jetzt zum ersten Male nahm der Zivildienst, Das Heer hatte unter Friedrich Wilhelm I. fünfmal, unter Friedrich dem Großen fast dreimal mehr gekostet als die gesamte übrige Verwaltung; jetzt zum ersten Male nahm der Zivildienst, allerdings mit Einschluß der kostspieligen Staatsschuldenverwaltun...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 144 2393
70 Prozent des gesamten Abgabenertrags durch indirekte Steuern aufgebracht hatte.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 144 2398
hatte doch Smith die Mahlsteuer kurzweg für die verderblichste aller Abgaben erklärt.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 145 2408
Da die alte Grundsteuer im Verlaufe der Jahrhunderte den Charakter einer Rente angenommen hatte, so ließ sich die Ausgleichung nur nach Entschädigung der Befreiten durchführen.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 146 2432
diese Steuer vernichte »die gänzliche Zivil- oder Menschenfreiheit; der Angriff auf solches Heiligtum löset alle Bande der menschlichen Gesellschaft auf«.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 151 2502
der häßliche kleine Mann mit dem gutmütigen Philistergesicht wußte sich

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 151 2513
in Posen und Pommern mußten 48, in den Provinzen links der Elbe 71 fremde Geldsorten amtlich anerkannt und tarifiert werden.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 155 2576
Zölle nach dem Gewichte der Waren vorzuschlagen, während in allen ändern Staaten das von der herrschenden Theorie allein gebilligte System der Wertzölle

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 156 2590
alle gesitteten Völker bewundern die Freihandelsreden des großen Briten.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 157 2613
die Fabrikanten sahen »dem englischen Handelsdespotismus« Tür und Tor geöffnet und bestürmten den Thron abermals mit so verzweifelten Bittschriften, daß der König,

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 158 2630
Von jenem Traumbilde einer gesamtdeutschen Handelspolitik, das während des Wiener Kongresses den preußischen Bevollmächtigten vorgeschwebt hatte, war man in Berlin längst zurückgekommen.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 160 2665
Auch die Einrichtung der Gewichtszölle war für die deutschen Nachbarstaaten unverhältnismäßig lästig, da das Ausland zumeist feinere, Deutschland gröbere Waren in Preußen einzuführen pflegte. Indes,

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 162 2696
Alberne Jagdgeschichten wurden mit der höchsten Bestimmtheit wiederholt und von der Unwissenheit der Leser begierig geglaubt. Da hatte ein armer Höker aus dem Reußischen, als er seinen Schubkarren voll Gemüse zum Leipziger Wochenmarkt fuhr, einen Taler Durchfuhrzoll an die preußische Maut zahlen müssen - nur schade, daß Preußen von solchen Waren gar keinen Zoll erhob. Auch

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 162 2701
Da hieß es wehmütig,

0116 Die Burschenschaft Das Wartburgfest

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 166 2760
Jetzt sei die heilige Stunde gekommen, »daß alle deutsche Welt schaue, was wir wollen; daß sie wisse, was sie dereinst sich von uns zu versehen habe«.

0117 Die Karlsbader Beschlüsse Die Teplitzer Punktation Beschlüsse Die

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 168 2797
Die beiden Mächte beabsichtigten, der Gewalt des Deutschen Bundes die unzweifelhaft dringend nötige Verstärkung zu bringen; sie erweiterten seine Befugnisse weit über die Vorschriften der Bundesakte hinaus;

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 169 2806
Los von Österreich!

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 169 2809
nach den Worten der Teplitzer Verabredung - »im reinen Begriffe der Föderation« befugt sein, das Allerheiligste der Nation Martin Luthers, die freie Bewegung der Gedanken durch Verbote und Verfolgungen zu stören.

0118 Bis zur Julirevolution

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 171 2842
(Aus dem dritten Bande der »Deutschen Geschichte«) Die Wiener Konferenzen

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 191 3179
Der schimpfliche Vorfall fand in Deutschland wenig Beachtung; denn List hatte keine Partei hinter sich, es lag im Wesen

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 191 3181
Nichts kettet die Menschen fester aneinander als gemeinsam begangenes Unrecht.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 192 3195
Eine polnische Teilung, so führte er aus, hat sich unbemerkt an Deutschland vollzogen, von den neunundzwanzig Millionen Einwohnern des Deutschen Bundes gehören

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 194 3235
Liberale F. von Spaun, ein eifriger Vorkämpfer des Illuminatentums und des bajuvarischen Machtdünkels,

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 196 3267
Tollhäusler«

0119 Die letzten Reformen Hardenbergs

0120 Politische Zustände in Preußen

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 205 3408
In den östlichen Provinzen bestanden etwa 25 000 Landgemeinden und 15 000 Rittergutsbezirke. Unter dieser ungeheuren Zahl befanden sich zwar manche starkbevölkerte, halbstädtische Ortschaften, wie Langenbielau und die ändern gewerbreichen Dörfer,

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 205 3419
Einige Beihilfe leistete freilich der Grundherr, dem hier im Osten noch fast überall die Patrimonialgerichtsbarkeit, die niedere Polizei und das Kirchenpatronat zustanden: er war in seinem Gutsbezirke selber der Gemeindevorstand und ernannte den Schu...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 208 3462
Die Landgemeinden des Westens waren aus den mächtigen Markgenossenschaften der Germanen hervorgegangen, an sich schon größer als die Kolonialdörfer des Ostens, durchschnittlich 500-700 Köpfe stark und überdies durch die Fremdherrschaft zu Samtgemeind...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 208 3469
Der rheinische Bürgermeister samt seinen Beigeordneten wurde durch den Staat ernannt und regierte nach jenem obersten Grundsätze des Napoleonischen Verwaltungsrechts, kraft dessen die Verwaltungstätigkeit ausschließlich den Staatsbeamten, den Regiert...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 209 3477
Der kleine rheinische Landmann, der mit der Gartenwirtschaft und dem Glücksspiele des Weinbaues schon seine liebe Not hatte, sah es keineswegs ungern, daß ihm der gestrenge Bürgermeister die Arbeit und Sorge für das Gemeindewesen abnahm; auch konnten... alten Provinzen.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 210 3492
das Beispiel »des Musterlandes Frankreich« beweise genugsam, daß Freiheit des Staates und Freiheit der Gemeinden einander ausschlössen; vor diese Wahl gestellt, müsse das liberale Rheinland die Freiheit des Staates vorziehen.

0121 Der Ausgang des preußischen Verfassungskampfes

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 218 3635
Kreisen und Gemeinden!

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 218 3636
Sollten die allgemeinen Grundsätze über die Einrichtung der Provinzialstände in einem Gesetze für die gesamte Monarchie verkündigt und dann die Detailbestimmungen über die Stimmenzahl und dgl. durch Spezialgesetze für jede einzelne Provinz festgestel...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 220 3658
wenn nicht eine Kluft entstehen sollte zwischen der Verfassung und der Verwaltung.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 221 3678
Die »Kommunalverfassungen« der einzelnen Territorien hingegen sollten bis auf weiteres unverändert fortdauern. Doch nur in der Alt-, Kur- und Neumark, in den beiden Pommern und den beiden Lausitzen sind die alten Landtage als Kommunallandtage wieder...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 221 3685
Provinzialstände wurden, so sagte das Gesetz, »im Geiste der älteren deutschen Verfassungen« errichtet, sie waren das »gesetzmäßige Organ der verschiedenen Stände Unserer getreuen Untertanen«.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 222 3695
ländliche Selbstverwaltung noch nicht durchgeführt war, mithin die Grundlage für ein billig abgestuftes Wahlsystem noch fehlte, so wurde die Kommission von selbst zu den drei Ständen der Hardenbergschen Entwürfe zurückgeführt - zu einer ständischen G...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 223 3709
»das Grundeigentum ist Bedingung der Standschaft« stand schon seit Hardenbergs erstem Entwürfe fest; man führte ihn jetzt so streng durch, daß sogar die Kirche, der doch ein unbestreitbares historisches Anrecht zur Seite stand, keine Vertretung erhie...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 223 3714
Die Kommission nahm als Regel an, daß dem großen Grundbesitz die Hälfte, den Städten ein Drittel, den Bauern ein Sechstel der Stimmen gebühre; nur im Westen und in Ostpreußen sollten die unteren Stände stärker vertreten werden, von den 584 Stimmen de...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 225 3744
So erhielten die Provinzialstände ein hochgefährliches Recht, das ihre Macht nicht vermehrte, doch die Tätigkeit der Gesetzgebung ins Stocken brachte.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 226 3757
I oration 3757 - Hiphlipht Politische Körper aber, die keine wirkliche Verantwortlichkeit für ihr Tun tragen, verwildern entweder oder sie verfallen in Schlummer.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 226 3762
Die Anhänger der historischen Doktrin rühmten als einen Vorzug des preußischen Verfassungsplanes, daß er auf »organische Entwicklung« rechne, den Ständen selber den Ausbau ihrer eigenen Institutionen anheimgebe, im erfreulichen Gegensätze zu dem engh...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 227 3786
Das alte Verhältnis, das schon im achtzehnten Jahrhundert bestanden, stellte sich in modernen Formen vorläufig wieder her: in den Provinzen ständische Körper ohne Macht und Leben, über ihnen eine Staatsgewalt, die alle aufstrebenden Kräfte des Gemein...

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 228 3793
Als endlich nach einem Vierteljahrhundert die Provinzialstände zum vereinigten Landtag zusammentraten, da versammelten sich um den Thron nicht die Vertreter von acht Provinzen, sondern die Bürger eines Staates, die Söhne eines Volkes. Der alte Haß de...

0122 Die Großmächte und die Trias Verhandlungen des Bundestags über die Bundeskriegsverfassung

0123 Preußische Zustände nach Hardenbergs Tod Da kehrte im Jahre 1827 Alexander Humboldt nach Berlin zurück, um fortan nach dem Wunsche des Königs in freier Muße am heimischen Hofe zu leben. Es war ein Wendepunkt in der Geschichte unserer Bildung.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 244 4057
gleich in seinem ersten Berliner Winter in der Singakademie die öffentlichen Vorlesungen über physische Weltbeschreibung hielt, aus denen nachher der »Kosmos« hervorging,

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 253 4218
In den Künsten der Verschwörung hatten sich die offenherzigen Germanen niemals mit den Welschen messen können. Nun gar dies unbedachtsame junge Volk gab sich überall Blößen; die tiefgeheimen allgemeinen deutschen Burschentage, welche in diesen Jahren...

0124 Literarische Vorboten einer neuen Zeit Goethe

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 255 4255
Erst um das Jahr 1840 begannen mit den Fabriken und den Börsen, den Eisenbahnen und den Zeitungen auch die Klassenkämpfe, die unstete Hast und das wagelustige Selbstgefühl der modernen Volkswirtschaft in das deutsche Leben einzudringen.

0125 Mit Besorgnis betrachtete Goethe diese neue soziale Krankheit.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 257 4274
Er wollte weder die heiligen Schranken der Natur zerstört, noch den Tiefsinn der Kunst durch leere Niedlichkeit verdrängt sehen, und äußerte sich über die unfruchtbare weibliche Dichtung bald mit gutmütigem Spott, bald mit einer göttlichen Grobheit, wie sie nur der Sänger der Frauenliebe sich erlauben durfte: Und... rügte

0126 Geschichtswissenschaft - Radikalismus und Judentum

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 265 4419
Neuerdings wurde in Bild und Wort unter dem alten Namen ein feiger und fauler Philister dargestellt, der, von aller Welt mißhandelt, sich die Schlafmütze über die Ohren zog.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 274 4570
Neuerdings wurde in Bild und Wort unter dem alten Namen ein feiger und fauler Philister dargestellt, der, von aller Welt mißhandelt, sich die Schlafmütze über die Ohren zog.

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 275 4576
Die zerreibende und verhetzende Wirksamkeit des radikalen

Treitschke Heinrich von: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - 2. Teil, 275 4580
Es war der Ruhm der Deutschen gewesen, daß sie niemals auf der Bank der Spötter gesessen hatten, daß ihre freien Köpfe mit Kühnheit, aber stets mit Ehrfurcht an das Heilige herangetreten waren. Jetzt ging dieser Ruhm verloren; auch Deutschland sollte...

30 Heinrich von Treitschke:
Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts


KindleLink: Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts
AjkReview: ajk

11 Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - Zweiter Band Aus dem Vorwort: Bis zum Tode König Friedrich Wilhelm III. Preußens Mittelstellung Preußische Zustände nach der Julirevolution Der Deutsche Zollverein Allgemeine Bedeutung de« Zollvereins ...
22 Enttäuschung und Verwirrung Das Kölner Domfest 1842 Wachstum und Siechtum der Volkswirtschaft Lists nationales System Polen und Schleswig-Holstein Der Vereinigte Landtag Charakter des Vereinigten Landtags von 1847. Thronrede Friedrich Wilhelm ...
23 Heinrich von Treitschke
24 Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - Zweiter Band, 193 s
303pages

1pages

0001 Inhalt

1 Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - Zweiter Band Aus dem Vorwort: Bis zum Tode König Friedrich Wilhelm III. Preußens Mittelstellung Preußische Zustände nach der Julirevolution Der Deutsche Zollverein Allgemeine Bedeutung de« Zollvereins ...

2pages

FileTop o BookTop

2 Enttäuschung und Verwirrung Das Kölner Domfest 1842 Wachstum und Siechtum der Volkswirtschaft Lists nationales System Polen und Schleswig-Holstein Der Vereinigte Landtag Charakter des Vereinigten Landtags von 1847. Thronrede Friedrich Wilhelm ...

2pages

FileTop o BookTop

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 2 12
Heinrich von Treitschke Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - Zweiter Band * Herausgegeben und eingeleitet von Wilhelm Mommsen * Dieses

3 Heinrich von Treitschke

2pages

FileTop o BookTop

4 Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts - Zweiter Band, 193 s

3401 dem Vorwort: Bis zum Tode König Friedrich Wilhelm III.
4402 Preußens Mittelstellung Preußische Zustände nach der Julirevolution
22403 Deutsche Zollverein
28404 Stille Jahre Die ersten Eisenbahnen und ihre Bedeutung
66405 welfische Staatsstreich
103406 zur Märzrevolution
104407 frohen Tage der Erwartung Deutschland um 1840; Friedrich Wilhelm IV.
133408 Königsberger Huldigungslandtag
144409 Kriegsgefahr Die französische Kriegsdrohung 1840 und die nationale Gegenbewegung in Deutschland
158410 Enttäuschung und Verwirrung Das Kölner Domfest 1842
170411 Wachstum und Siechtum der Volkswirtschaft Lists nationales System
201412 Polen und Schleswig-Holstein
257413 Vereinigte Landtag Charakter des Vereinigten Landtags von 1847. Thronrede Friedrich Wilhelm IV.
268414 Niedergang des Deutschen Bundes Bundestag und nationale Bewegung
303pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 dem Vorwort: Bis zum Tode König Friedrich Wilhelm III.

FileTop o BookTop

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 4 27
Es mag noch viel Wasser unsern Rhein hinabfließen, bis die Fremden uns erlauben, von unserm Vaterlande mit demselben Stolze zu reden, der die nationalen Geschichtswerke der Engländer und Franzosen von jeher ausgezeichnet hat. Einmal doch wird man sic...

02 Preußens Mittelstellung Preußische Zustände nach der Julirevolution

FileTop o BookTop

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 9 76
Stein erwähnte des Antrags im Landtagsberichte und erinnerte den König an »das schöne Lob seines Ahnherrn Adolf von Cleve: sein Wort, das war sein Siegel«;

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 13 114
in Preußen müssen immer 49 Menschen arbeiten, um einen Beamten zu ernähren!

03 Deutsche Zollverein


0301 Allgemeine Bedeutung de« Zollvereins

FileTop o BookTop

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 24 219
101 Nicht die Anstandspflicht monarchischer Staatssitten, sondern die Pflicht historischer Gerechtigkeit nötigt zu dem Urteil, daß nur das feste Vertrauen auf Friedrich Wilhelms unverbrüchliche Treue die deutschen Fürsten bewegen konnte,

0301 Allgemeine Bedeutung de« Zollvereins

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 27 240
Das letzte Ziel der friderizianischen Politik, die Lösung des deutschen Dualismus, schien jetzt nicht mehr unerreichbar, und hoffnungsvoll sagte Karl Mathy: »Noch niemals ist Deutschland so einig gewesen wie seit der Stiftung des Zollvereins.«

04 Stille Jahre Die ersten Eisenbahnen und ihre Bedeutung

FileTop o BookTop

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 31 281
wurde schon 1834 ein Staatsbahnsystem für das ganze Land, nach Stephensons Plänen, beschlossen. Die Franzosen zauderten lange;

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 35 322
Gleichwohl erlebte er die Genugtuung, daß in seinem Bayern die erste deutsche Dampfbahn eröffnet wurde, die Bahn von Nürnberg nach Fürth, eine Strecke von einer Meile, die man mit Dampf in 15, mit Pferden in 25 Minuten durchlaufen konnte.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 36 330
einzelner Städte oder Landschaften berechnet, und fast schien es, als sollten die Deutschen durch den Fluch ihres Partikularismus verhindert werden, die große Erfindung mit großem Sinne zu benutzen.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 42 381
Windmüller klagte, weil ihm die Bahn den Wind abfange,

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 43 392
Im Jahre 1839 brachte Hossauer das erste Daguerreotyp aus Paris in den Berliner Gewerbeverein;

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 45 411
in dem gefürchteten Tunnel pflegten die Damen reiferen Alters eine Stecknadel zwischen die Lippen zu nehmen, um sich gegen die Liebkosungen ausschweifender Jünglinge zu sichern. Vorsichtige Ärzte wollten von der Tunnelfahrt, die fast eine Minute währ... dem plötzlichen Luftwechsel müsse ältliche Leute der Schlag rühren,

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 57 526
Location 526 - Dort freilich zeigte sich der Senat sehr ängstlich, er fürchtete die Abnahme der Elbschiffahrt und die Verarmung der Schiffer.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 62 566
Location 566 - Finanzminister Böckh überzeugte, daß der Staat, um den Aktienschwindel und den Einfluß der Börse fernzuhalten, die Bahn selber bauen müsse. Es war das erste Programm des deutschen Staatse i se n bah n we se ns.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 65 593
Location 593 - Die Grenzen der Stämme und der Staaten verloren ihre trennende Macht,

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 65 599
Location 599 - Deutschland hatte von England gelernt und schob nun, rasch erstarkend, den Lehrer zur Seite.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 66 603
Ein neuer Stand von Ingenieuren und Eisenbahntechnikern kam empor, sehr reich an Talenten, unternehmend, stolz im Bewußtsein einer großen Kulturaufgabe. Es war eine schöne friedliche Arbeit nationaler Befreiung - erst im nächsten Jahrzehnt sollte sie...

05 welfische Staatsstreich


0501 Die Göttinger Sieben

FileTop o BookTop

0501 Die Göttinger Sieben

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 84 771
begrüßten Dahlmann als »den Mann des Wortes und der Tat«;

06 zur Märzrevolution

FileTop o BookTop

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 103 948
(Aus dem fünften Bande der »Deutschen Geschichte«) Vorwort

07 frohen Tage der Erwartung Deutschland um 1840; Friedrich Wilhelm IV.

FileTop o BookTop

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 105 970
Mancher der Gäste

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 108 994
»Die Regierung im Repräsentativstaate ist immer die Darstellung der Majorität im Staate«;

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 109 1002
»Es kommen uns, vorzüglich aus dem Norden, allerlei sophistische mystische Behauptungen zu, die wie die Nebel von den Sonnenstrahlen des natürlichen Verstandes zerstreut werden.«

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 130 1198
Alters, war es dahin gekommen, daß Minister Alvensleben beruhigt sagte:

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 130 1203
Verhältnisse, währte unter dem vierten Friedrich Wilhelm nahezu acht Jahre, bis eine furchtbare Niederlage des Königtums die ganze Lage veränderte.

08 Königsberger Huldigungslandtag

FileTop o BookTop

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 141 1300
sein königliches Wort in reifliche Erwägung gezogen und demgemäß beschlossen, »voi einzulösen durch die Einführung der provinzial- und kreisständischen ...

09 Kriegsgefahr Die französische Kriegsdrohung 1840 und die nationale Gegenbewegung in Deutschland

FileTop o BookTop

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 148 1372
Offenbar kam es den Franzosen ganz unerwartet, daß die Deutschen sich als eine Nation fühlten.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 149 1377
in diesem Falle würde Deutschland »das Schwert nicht eher in die Scheide stecken, bis Frankreich seine ganze Schuld an uns bezahlt« hätte.

10 Enttäuschung und Verwirrung Das Kölner Domfest 1842

FileTop o BookTop

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 169 1568
Auf den Trinkspruch des Königs dankte der Erzherzog tief gerührt und schloß etwa also: »Solange Preußen und Österreich, solange das übrige Deutschland, soweit die deutsche Zunge klingt, einig sind, werden wir unerschütterlich dastehen wie die Felsen ...

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 170 1572
Zeitungen versicherten, er hatte gesagt: kein Österreich, kein Preußen mehr! ein einHHHHHHHpHI Hir, ein einig Deutschland fest wie seine Berge!

11 Wachstum und Siechtum der Volkswirtschaft Lists nationales System


1101 Wandlungen des sozialen Lebens
1102 Die schlesischen Weber

FileTop o BookTop

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 172 1596
zwei Großmächte der Weltgeschichte, die Mächte der Dummheit und der Sünde,

1101 Wandlungen des sozialen Lebens

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 181 1679
Geschichte hatte nach dem Dreißigjährigen Kriege und sonst noch mehrmals Zeiten gesehen, da die Frau höher stand als der Mann und das verwilderte Männervolk an der guten Sitte des Hauses wieder gesundete; jetzt kamen Tage, da die Frau sich in der ver...

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 182 1687
»Frauenfrage«, welche die einfache Vorzeit nicht gekannt hatte. Frauen drängten sich mit dilettierender Geschäftigkeit in männliche Berufe, und ganz wie einst in den Zeiten der Sittenverderbnis des klassischen Altertums stiegen aus dem Schlamme der Ü...

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 184 1708
die neue internationale Partei des Großkapitals fand ihre natürliche Stütze an dem vaterlandslosen Judentum.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 185 1715
das schändliche englische Trucksystem, die Ablöhnung der Arbeiter durch

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 185 1716
grauenhafte Elend in den Arbeiterwohnungen der »Kasematten«

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 185 1718
Den besitzenden Ständen fehlte noch fast jedes Verständnis für die Empfindungen der Masse.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 186 1722
nach Belieben in wilder Ehe beisammen tragikomische Erfahrung, daß ihre Werke dem niederen Volke ganz unverständlich blieben, weil der kleine Mann nur Schriftdeutsch lesen kann.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 186 1725
Provinz Sachsen schon 93 Prozent; und gerade die großen Fabrikstädte zeichneten sich durch die Verwahrlosung der Jugend bedenklich aus: in Elberfeld gingen nur 79, in Aachen gar nur 37 Prozent der Kinder zur Schule.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 188 1741
Handwerker, stolz als ihrer Hände Werk betrachten konnten, gedankenlose Sklaven der Maschinen, nur mangelhaft geschützt durch die hier und da neugebildeten Fabrikgerichte, blieben die Arbeiter also ganz in der Hand der mächtigen Unternehmer,

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 190 1757
trennte sich jetzt die ländliche Bevölkerung allmählich in zwei Klassen.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 190 1757
so war den Wünschen der grollenden Tagelöhner ein bestimmtes Ziel gewiesen, und als die Revolution hereinbrach, klang aus aller Munde wie ein Naturlaut die Forderung: Der König muß uns Land verschreiben.

1102 Die schlesischen Weber

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 192 1777
Im schlesischen Gebirge wagten die verzweifelten Weber offenen Aufruhr.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 192 1781
sie trieben in den Rüben- und Kartoffelfeldern der benachbarten Grundherren

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 193 1788
1 volkswirtschaftlichen Naturgesetze, die durch Angebot und Nachfrage alles Leid von sl

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 195 1806
In Breslau erschien ein halb kommunistisches Blatt, »Der Volksspiegel«;

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 195 1810
Weberlied: Ein Fluch dem König, dem König der Reichen, Den unser Elend nicht konnte erweichen, Der den letzten Groschen von uns erpreßt Und uns wie Hunde erschießen läßt, wir weben, wir weben!

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 196 1815
jene verächtliche Klasse von Menschen, die man den Adel nennt, deren Ursprung in den finstersten Zeiten der Barbarei ist.

12 Polen und Schleswig-Holstein

FileTop o BookTop

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 211 1959
»Wir sind bereit, unser altes Dänemark sowohl gegen das hochverräterische Geschrei der Nordalbingier als gegen die seekranke Eroberungslust aller deutschen Vogelfänger zu verteidigen.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 236 2192
Wir wollen keine Dänen sein, Wir wollen Deutsche bleiben.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 253 2346
Die Schleswig-Holsteiner hingegen bemühten sich, bis zum letzten Augenblicke in den Schranken der Mäßigung zu verbleiben, sie wollten die dargebotene Hand des neuen Königherzogs nicht von sich stoßen.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 256 2374
Sein letzter Rat ging dahin: Preußen sollte sich zunächst mit Rußland und Österreich verständigen, damit nachher die dänische Thronfolge, wie einst die badische, durch eine europäische Entscheidung friedlich geregelt würde.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 256 2377
»Ich glaube nicht, da der Fall mir wenigstens nicht klar ist.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 257 2387
Unsere Nordmark stand vor der Frage: dänisch oder deutsch?

13 Vereinigte Landtag Charakter des Vereinigten Landtags von 1847. Thronrede Friedrich Wilhelm IV.

FileTop o BookTop

14 Niedergang des Deutschen Bundes Bundestag und nationale Bewegung

FileTop o BookTop

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 287 2660
Freihandelsküste biete ja den Briten das einzige Mittel, um ihre Fabrikwaren nach Deutschland hinüberzuschmuggeln. Schade nur, daß dies herzinnige englische Geständnis in Deutschland nicht bekannt wurde.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 289 2684
Er glaubte also, seine Bundesreformpläne, die doch allesamt eine starke Beschränke Übereinstimmung aller achtunddreißig Souveräne. »raussetzten, würden sich ganz von selbst verwirklichen durch die freie

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 292 2710
die kläglichen Erfahrungen des neuen Oberzensurgerichts hatten der König und Savigny endlich gelernt, daß man mit der Zensur nicht mehr auskam.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 295 2737
Sein getreuer Münch schob die Verhandlung über den preußischen Antrag von Monat zu Monat hinaus, und als sie im September endlich doch stattfand, da beantragte er, wie üblich, die Einholung von Instruktionen.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 298 2763
Einert, Treitschke und andere tüchtige Juristen eine neue Wechselrechtslehre ausgebildet worden, die sich vom römischen Rechte lossagte und den Anforderungen des modernen Handels gerecht zu werden suchte.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 299 2778
Da hieß es rundweg: »Auf die Frage: was hat der Bund seit den zweiunddreißig Jahren seines Bestehens, während einer beispiellosen Friedens getan für Deutschlands Kräftigung und Förderung?

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 301 2796
gemeinnützige Sonderverträge nach dem Vorbilde des Zollvereins abschließen, Verträge, welche späterhin dem gesamten Vaterlande zugute kommen müßten.

Heinrich von Treitschke: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. Jahrhunderts, 303 2815
Die letzte Möglichkeit einer friedlichen Bundesreform war versäumt, und da die Welt von den tiefgeheimen Verhandlungen dieses Winters kein Wort erfahren hatte, so erschien der längst geplante Fürstenkongreß wieder nur wie ein abgedrungenes Zugeständn...

31 Daniel Kahneman:
Thinking - fast and slow


KindleLink: Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow
AjkReview: ajk

171 1 Two Systems
1082 2 Heuristics and Biases 10
1973 3 Overconfidence 19
2674 4 Choices 25
3005 Bad Events The
3756 5 Two Selves 35
512pages

1001 Introduction
17pages

01 Introduction


0101 Origins
0102 Where We Are Now
0103 What Comes Next

FileTop o BookTop

0101 Origins

0102 Where We Are Now

0103 What Comes Next

1 Part 1 Two Systems

19101
30102 Attention and Effort
39103 The Lazy Controller I
50104 The Associative Machine To
59105 Cognitive Ease Whenever
71106 Norms, Surprises, and Causes The
79107 A Machine for Jumping to Conclusions
89108 Howjudgments Happen There
97109 Answering an Easier Question A
108pages

FileTop o BookTop

01


0101 Two Systems
0102 Plot Synopsis hd3:201308210321 Conflict
0103 Illusions
0104 Useful Fictions
0105 Speaking of System 1 and System 2

FileTop o BookTop

0101 Two Systems

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 20 366
System 1 operates automatically and quickly, with little or no effort and no sense of voluntary control. System 2 allocates attention to the effortful mental activities that demand it, including complex computations. The operations of System 2 are of...

0102 Plot Synopsis hd3:201308210321 Conflict

0103 Illusions

0104 Useful Fictions

0105 Speaking of System 1 and System 2

02 Attention and Effort


0201 Mental Effort
0202 Speaking of Attention and Effort

FileTop o BookTop

0201 Mental Effort

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 33 603
inverted V.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 34 622
Your use of electricity depends on what you choose to do, whether to light a room or toast a piece of bread. When you turn on a bulb or a toaster, it draws the energy it needs but no more.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 35 640
You will find that you have responded to the threat before you became fully conscious of it.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 35 640
System 2— from measuring pupils in a wide variety of tasks.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 35 640
As you become skilled in a task, its demand for energy diminishes. Studies

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 35 640
Talent has similar effects. Highly intelligent individuals need less effort to solve the same problems, as indicated by both pupil size and brain activity.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 35 640
In the economy of action, effort is a cost, and the acquisition of skill is driven by the balance of benefits and costs.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 36 658
Effort is required to maintain simultaneously in memory several ideas that require separate actions, or that need to be combined according to a rule —rehearsing your shopping list as you enter the supermarket, choosing between the fish and the veal a...

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 37 676
The most effortful forms of slow thinking are those that require you to think fast.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 38 695
We normally avoid mental overload by dividing our tasks into multiple easy steps, committing intermediate results to long-term memory or to paper rather than to an easily overloaded working memory. We cover long distances by taking our time and condu...

0202 Speaking of Attention and Effort

03 The Lazy Controller I


0301 The Busy and Depleted System 2
0302 The Lazy System 2
0303 Intelligence, Control, Rationality
0304 Speaking of Control

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 39 713
You make many small decisions as you drive your car, absorb some information as you read the newspaper, and conduct routine exchanges of pleasantries with a spouse or a colleague, all with little effort and no strain. Just like a stroll.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 40 731
I did the best thinking of my life on leisurely walks with Amos.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 40 731
At the highest speed I can sustain on the hills, about 14 minutes for a mile, I do not even try to think of anything else.

0301 The Busy and Depleted System 2

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 41 750
People who are cognitively busy are also more likely to make selfish choices, use sexist language, and make superficial judgments in social situations.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 44 804
tired and hungry judges tend to fall back on the easier default position of denying requests for parole. Both fatigue and hunger probably play a role.

0302 The Lazy System 2

0303 Intelligence, Control, Rationality

0304 Speaking of Control

04 The Associative Machine To


0401 The Marvels of Priming
0402 Primes That Guide Us
0403 Speaking of Priming

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 51 932
you think with your body, not only with your brain.

0401 The Marvels of Priming

0402 Primes That Guide Us

0403 Speaking of Priming

05 Cognitive Ease Whenever


0501 Illusions of Remembering
0502 Illusions of Truth
0503 How to Write a Persuasive Message
0504 Strain and Effort
0505 The Pleasure of Cognitive Ease
0506 Ease, Mood, and Intuition
0507 Speaking of Cognitive Ease

FileTop o BookTop

0501 Illusions of Remembering

0502 Illusions of Truth

0503 How to Write a Persuasive Message

0504 Strain and Effort

0505 The Pleasure of Cognitive Ease

0506 Ease, Mood, and Intuition

0507 Speaking of Cognitive Ease

06 Norms, Surprises, and Causes The


0601 Assessing Normality
0602 Seeing Causes and Intentions
0603 Speaking of Norms and Causes

FileTop o BookTop

0601 Assessing Normality

0602 Seeing Causes and Intentions

0603 Speaking of Norms and Causes

07 A Machine for Jumping to Conclusions


0701 Neglect of Ambiguity and Suppression of Doubt
0702 A Bias to Believe and Confirm
0703 Exaggerated Emotional Coherence (Halo Effect)
0704 What You See Is All There Is (WYSIATI)
0705 Speaking of Jumping to Conclusions

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 79 1444
Jumping to conclusions is efficient if the conclusions are likely to be correct and the costs of an occasional mistake acceptable, and if the jump saves much time and effort. Jumping to conclusions is risky when the situation is unfamiliar, the stake...

0701 Neglect of Ambiguity and Suppression of Doubt

0702 A Bias to Believe and Confirm

0703 Exaggerated Emotional Coherence (Halo Effect)

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 84 1536
To derive the most useful information from multiple sources of evidence, you should always try to make these sources independent of each other.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 85 1554
Eliminating redundancy from your sources of information is always a good idea.

0704 What You See Is All There Is (WYSIATI)

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 86 1572
WYSIATI, which stands for what you see is all there is.

0705 Speaking of Jumping to Conclusions

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 88 1609
WYSIATI— what you see is all there is.

08 Howjudgments Happen There


0801 Basic Assessments
0802 Intensity Matching
0803 The Mental Shotgun
0804 Speaking of Judgment

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 89 1627
System 2 receives questions or generates them: in either case it directs attention and searches memory to find the answers. System 1 operates differently. It continuously monitors what is going on outside and inside the mind, and continuously generat...

0801 Basic Assessments

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 91 1664
elections in Finland,

0802 Intensity Matching

0803 The Mental Shotgun

0804 Speaking of Judgment

09 Answering an Easier Question A


0901 Substituting Questions
0902 The 3-D Heuristic
0903 The Mood Heuristic for Happiness
0904 The Affect Heuristic
0905
0906 Characteristics of System 1

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 97 1773
The normal state of your mind is that you have intuitive feelings and opinions about almost everything that comes your way. You like or dislike people long before you know much about them;

0901 Substituting Questions

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 98 1792
We asked ourselves how people manage to make judgments of probability without knowing precisely what probability is.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 98 1792
How to Solve It: 'If

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 99 1810
The heuristic questions provide an off-the-shelf answer to each of the difficult target

0902 The 3-D Heuristic

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 101 1847
the dominant impression of 3-D size dictates the judgment of 2-D size. The illusion is due to a 3-D heuristic.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 101 1847
You were not confused about the question, but you were influenced by the answer to a question that you were not asked: "How tall are the three people?"

0903 The Mood Heuristic for Happiness

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 102 1865
The results this time were completely different. In this sequence, the correlation between the number of dates and reported happiness was about as high as correlations between psychological measures can get.

0904 The Affect Heuristic

0905

0906 Characteristics of System 1

2 Part 2 Heuristics and Biases 10

109201 The Law of Small Numbers
119202 Anchors Amos
129203 The Science of Availability
137204
146205 Tom Ws Specialty
156206
166207 Causes Trump Statistics
175208 Regression to the Mean I
185209
197pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 The Law of Small Numbers


0101 The Law of Small Numbers
0102 A Bias of Confidence Over Doubt
0103 Speaking of the Law of Small Numbers

FileTop o BookTop

0101 The Law of Small Numbers

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 113 2066
mistake was particularly embarrassing because I taught statistics and knew how to compute the sample size that would reduce the risk of failure to an acceptable level. But I had never chosen a sample size by computation . Like my colleagues, I had tr...

0102 A Bias of Confidence Over Doubt

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 114 2084

0103 Speaking of the Law of Small Numbers

02 Anchors Amos


0201 Anchoring as Adjustment
0202 Anchoring as Priming Effect
0203 The Anchoring Index
0204 Uses and Abuses of Anchors
0205 Anchoring and the Two Systems
0206 Speaking of Anchors

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 119 2176
But they did not ignore it. The average estimates of those who saw 10 and 65 were 25% and 45%, respectively.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 119 2176
anchoring effect.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 120 2194

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 120 2194

0201 Anchoring as Adjustment

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 121 2212

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 121 2212

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 121 2212
People adjust less (stay closer to the anchor) when their mental resources are depleted, either because their meinory is loaded with digits or because they are slightly drunk. Insufficient adjustment is a failure of a weak or lazy System 2. i I

0202 Anchoring as Priming Effect

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 123 2249
In another elegant study in the same vein, participants were asked about the average price of German cars. A high anchor selectively primed the names of luxury brands (Mercedes, Audi), whereas the low anchor primed brands associated with mass-market...

0203 The Anchoring Index

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 124 2267
The anchoring effect is not a laboratory curiosity; it can be just as strong in the real world. In an experiment conducted some years ago.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 125 2285
The conclusion is clear: anchors do not have their effects because people believe they are informative.

0204 Uses and Abuses of Anchors

0205 Anchoring and the Two Systems

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 127 2322
The participants who have been exposed to random or absurd anchors (such as Gandhi's death at age 144) confidently

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 128 2340
The main moral of

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 128 2340
However, you should assume that any number that is on the table has had an anchoring effect on you, and if the stakes are high you should mobilize yourself (your System 2) to combat the effect.

0206 Speaking of Anchors

03 The Science of Availability


0301 The Psychology of Availability Kopioitu leikepbydaile
0302

FileTop o BookTop

0301 The Psychology of Availability Kopioitu leikepbydaile

0302

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 136 2487

04


0401
0402
0403 Speaking of Availability Cascades

FileTop o BookTop

0401

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 140 2560

0402

0403 Speaking of Availability Cascades

05 Tom Ws Specialty


0501
0502 The Sins of Representativeness
0503 How to Discipline Intuition

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 148 2706
The task of ranking the nine careers is complex and certainly requires the discipline and sequential organization of which only System 2 is capable.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 148 2706
The similarity of an individual to the stereotype of a group is unaffected by the size of the group. Indeed, you could compare the description of Tom to an image of graduate students in library science even if there is no such department at the unive...

0501

0502 The Sins of Representativeness

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 151 2761
One sin of representativeness is an excessive willingness to predict the occurrence of unlikely (low base-rate) events. Here is an example: you see a person reading The New York Times on the New York subway.

0503 How to Discipline Intuition

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 154 2816
This influential modern approach to statistics is named after an English minister of the eighteenth century, the Reverend Thomas Bayes, who is credited with the first major contribution to a large problem: the logic of how people should change their mind in the light of evidence. Bayes's

06


0601 Less Is More, Sometimes Even In Joint Evaluation Christopher
0602 Speaking of Less is More

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 157 2870
The set of feminist bank tellers is wholly included in the set of bank tellers, as every feminist bank teller is a bank teller. Therefore the probability that Linda is a feminist bank teller must be lower than the probability of her being a bank tell...

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 158 2889
we had pitted logic against representativeness, and representativeness had won!

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 158 2889
In the language of this book, we had observed a failure of System 2: our participants had a fair opportunity to detect the relevance of the logical rule,

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 158 2889
Which alternative is more probable? Linda is a bank teller. Linda is a bank teller and is active in the feminist movement.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 159 2907
The most representative outcomes combine with the personality description to produce the most coherent stories. The most coherent stories are not necessarily the most probable, but they are plausible, and the notions of coherence, plausibility, and p...

0601 Less Is More, Sometimes Even In Joint Evaluation Christopher

0602 Speaking of Less is More

07 Causes Trump Statistics


0701
0702
0703
0704

FileTop o BookTop

0701

0702

0703

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 174 3181

0704

08 Regression to the Mean I


0801 Talent and Luck
0802
0803

FileTop o BookTop

0801 Talent and Luck

0802

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 179 3273

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 180 3291

0803

09


0901 Nonregressive Intuitions
0902 A Correction for Intuitive Predictions
0903 A Defense of Extreme Predictions?
0904 A Two-Systems View of Regression
0905 Speaking of Intuitive Predictions

FileTop o BookTop

0901 Nonregressive Intuitions

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 186 3401
grade point average

0902 A Correction for Intuitive Predictions

0903 A Defense of Extreme Predictions?

0904 A Two-Systems View of Regression

0905 Speaking of Intuitive Predictions

3 Part 3 Overconfidence 19

199301 hd2:
209302 The Illusion of Validity System to O n1 s of understanding are born. The d reliably from observations of success.
222303 Intuitions vs. Formulas Paul
234304 Expert Intuition: When Can We Trust It? Professional
245305
255306 The Engine of Capitalism The
267pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 hd2:


0101
0102 risk. Instead, they are believed to have had the flair and foresight to anticipate success, and the sensible people who doubted them are seen in hindsight as mediocre, timid, and weak. hd3:
0103 Speaking of Hindsight

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 201 3675

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 202 3693

0101

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 203 3711
The tendency to revise the history of one's beliefs in light of what actually happened produces a robust cognitive illusion.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 203 3711

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 203 3711

0102 risk. Instead, they are believed to have had the flair and foresight to anticipate success, and the sensible people who doubted them are seen in hindsight as mediocre, timid, and weak. hd3:

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 206 3766
it seems almost absurd to call a successful leader rigid and confused, or a struggling leader flexible and methodical.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 206 3766
Because of the halo effect, we

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 207 3785

0103 Speaking of Hindsight

02 The Illusion of Validity System to O n1 s of understanding are born. The d reliably from observations of success.


0201 The Illusion of Validity
0202 The Illusion of Stock-Picking Skill
0203 What Supports the Illusions of Skill and Validity?
0204 The Illusions of Pundits
0205
0206 Speaking of Illusory Skill

FileTop o BookTop

0201 The Illusion of Validity

0202 The Illusion of Stock-Picking Skill

0203 What Supports the Illusions of Skill and Validity?

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 217 3967

0204 The Illusions of Pundits

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 218 3986
As Nassim Taleb pointed out in The Black Swan, our tendency to construct and believe coherent narratives of the past makes it difficult for us to accept the limits of our forecasting ability.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 218 3986
The idea that large historical events are determined by luck is profoundly shocking, although it is demonstrably true.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 219 4004

0205

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 220 4022

0206 Speaking of Illusory Skill

03 Intuitions vs. Formulas Paul


0301
0302 Learning from Meehl
0303 Do It Yourself
0304 Speaking of Judges vs. Formulas

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 227 4150
Apgar jotted down five variables (heart rate, respiration, reflex, muscle tone, and color) and three scores (0, 1, or 2, depending on the robustness of each sign).

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 227 4150

0301

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 228 4169
The problem is that the correct judgments involve short-term predictions in the context of the therapeutic interview, a skill in which therapists may have years of practice. The tasks at which they fail typically require long-term predictions about t...

0302 Learning from Meehl

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 231 4223
The sum of our six ratings predicted soldiers' performance much more accurately than the global evaluations of the previous interviewing method, although far from perfectly. We had progressed from "completely useless" to "moderately useful."

0303 Do It Yourself

0304 Speaking of Judges vs. Formulas

04 Expert Intuition: When Can We Trust It? Professional


0401 Marvels and Flaws
0402 Intuition as Recognition
0403 Acquiring Skill
0404 The Environment of Skill
0405
0406 anticipation and long-term forecasting are different tasks, and the therapist has had adequate Page 242 - hd3:opportunity to learn one but not the other.
0407 rtunately, associative memory also generates subjectively compelling intuitions that are false. Page 244 - Note hd3:

FileTop o BookTop

0401 Marvels and Flaws

0402 Intuition as Recognition

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 237 4333
provides the answer. Intuition is nothing more and nothing less than recognition."

0403 Acquiring Skill

0404 The Environment of Skill

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 239 4370
true experts know the limits of their knowledge.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 241 4406

0405

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 242 4425

0406 anticipation and long-term forecasting are different tasks, and the therapist has had adequate Page 242 - hd3:opportunity to learn one but not the other.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 243 4443

0407 rtunately, associative memory also generates subjectively compelling intuitions that are false. Page 244 - Note hd3:

05


0501 Drawn to the Inside View
0502 he competition with the inside view, the outside view doesn't stand a chance. hd3:
0503
0504
0505
0506 Speaking of the Outside View

FileTop o BookTop

0501 Drawn to the Inside View

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 248 4534

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 248 4534

0502 he competition with the inside view, the outside view doesn't stand a chance. hd3:

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 250 4571

0503

0504

0505

0506 Speaking of the Outside View

06 The Engine of Capitalism The


0601 Optimists
0602 Entrepreneurial Delusions
0603 Competition Neglect
0604 Overconfidence
0605
0606 Speaking of Optimism

FileTop o BookTop

0601 Optimists

0602 Entrepreneurial Delusions

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 257 4699
The evidence suggests that optimism is widespread, stubborn, and costly.

0603 Competition Neglect

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 260 4754
The upshot is that people tend to be overly optimistic about their

0604 Overconfidence

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 262 4790
Overconfidence is another manifestation of WYSIATI: when we estimate a quantity, we rely on information that comes to mind

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 262 4790
President Truman famously asked for a "one-armed

0605

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 265 4845
The main virtue of the premortem is that it legitimizes doubts

0606 Speaking of Optimism

4 Part 4 Choices 25

269401 Bernoulli's Errors One
278402 Prospect Theory
289403 The Endowment Effect You
300pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 Bernoulli's Errors One


0101 Bernoulli's Error
0102

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 269 4918
Bruno Frey barely recalls writing the piece, but I can still recite its first sentence: 'The agent of economic theory is rational, selfish, and his tastes do not change."

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 269 4918
Unlike Econs, the Humans that psychologists know have a System 1. Their view

0101 Bernoulli's Error

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 275 5028

0102

02 Prospect Theory


0201 Loss
0202 Blind Spots of Prospect Theory
0203 Speaking of Prospect Theory

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 278 5083
Harry Markowitz, who would later earn the Nobel Prize for his work on finance, had proposed a theory in which utilities were attached to changes of wealth rather than to states of wealth.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 279 5101
Problem 1: Which do you choose? Get $ 900 for sure OR 90% chance to get $ 1,000 Problem 2: Which do you choose?

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 281 5138
In Bernoulli's theory you need to know only the state of wealth to determine its utility, but in prospect theory you also need to know the reference state. Prospect theory is therefore more complex than utility theory.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 282 5156
Put ice water into the left-hand bowl and warm water into the right-hand bowl. The water in the middle bowl should be at room temperature. Immerse your hands in the cold and warm water for about a minute, then dip both in the middle bowl. You will ex...

0201 Loss

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 284 5192
For most people, the fear of losing $ 100 is more intense than the hope of gaining $ 150. We concluded from many such observations that "losses

0202 Blind Spots of Prospect Theory

0203 Speaking of Prospect Theory

03 The Endowment Effect You


0301
0302 Thinking Like a Trader
0303 Speaking of the Endowment Effect
0304 Negativity Dominance
0305 Goals are Reference Points
0306 Defending the Status Quo
0307 Loss Aversion in the Law
0308 Speaking of Losses

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 290 5302
Each "indifference

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 290 5302
All locations on an indifference curve are equally attractive. This is literally what indifference means: you don't care where you are on an indifference curve.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 290 5302
Here again, the power and elegance of a theoretical model have blinded

0301

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 293 5357

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 293 5357

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 295 5394
The results were dramatic: the average selling price was about double the average buying price, and the estimated number of trades was less than half of the number predicted by standard theory.

0302 Thinking Like a Trader

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 298 5448
People who are poor think like traders, but the dynamics are quite different. Unlike traders, the poor are not indifferent to the differences between gaining and giving up.

0303 Speaking of the Endowment Effect

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 299 5467
'These negotiations are going nowhere because both sides find it difficult to make concessions, even w

5 28 Bad Events The

310501 The Fourfold Pattern
322502 Rare Events
334503 Risk Policies Imagine
342504 Keeping Score
353505 Reversals You
363506 Frames and Reality Italy
375pages

FileTop o BookTop

0001 Negativity Dominance

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 302 5522
We all know that a friendship that may take years to develop can be ruined by a single action.

0002 Goals are Reference Points

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 302 5522
strength of two motives: we are driven more strongly to avoid losses than to achieve gains.

0003 Defending the Status Quo

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 305 5576
Animals, including people , fight harder to prevent losses than to achieve gains.

0004 Loss Aversion in the Law

0005 Speaking of Losses

01 The Fourfold Pattern


0101 Changing Chances
0102 Alias's Paradox
0103 emptuously labeled hd3:
0104 The Fourfold Pattern
0105 Gambling in the Shadow of the Law
0106 Speaking of the Fourfold Pattern

FileTop o BookTop

0101 Changing Chances

0102 Alias's Paradox

0103 emptuously labeled hd3:

0104 The Fourfold Pattern

0105 Gambling in the Shadow of the Law

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 319 5832
The plaintiff with a strong case is likely to be risk averse.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 320 5851

0106 Speaking of the Fourfold Pattern

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 321 5869
"We never let our vacations hang on a last-minute deal. We're willing to pay a lot for certainty."

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 321 5869
"They know the risk of a gas explosion is minuscule, but they want it mitigated. It's a possibility effect, and they want peace of mind."

02 Rare Events


0201 Overestimation and Overweighting
0202 Vivid Outcomes
0203 Vivid Probabilities
0204
0205 Speaking of Rare Events

FileTop o BookTop

0201 Overestimation and Overweighting

0202 Vivid Outcomes

0203 Vivid Probabilities

0204

0205 Speaking of Rare Events

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 333 6088
"We shouldn't focus on a single scenario, or we will overestimate its probability. Lets set up specific alternatives and make the probabilities add up to 100%."

03 Risk Policies Imagine


0301 Broad or Narrow?
0302 Samuelson's Problem
0303 Risk Policies
0304 Speaking of Risk Policies

FileTop o BookTop

0301 Broad or Narrow?

0302 Samuelson's Problem

0303 Risk Policies

0304 Speaking of Risk Policies

04 Keeping Score


0401 Mental Accounts
0402 Regret
0403
0404 Speaking of Keeping Score

FileTop o BookTop

0401 Mental Accounts

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 344 6289
The disposition effect is an instance of narrow framing.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 345 6308
sunk-cost fallacy.

0402 Regret

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 348 6363

0403

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 351 6417
especially strong in Europe, where the precautionary principle, which prohibits any action that might cause harm, is a widely accepted doctrine.

0404 Speaking of Keeping Score

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 352 6436

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 352 6436

05 Reversals You


0501 Challenging Economics
0502 Categories
0503 Unjust Reversals
0504 Speaking of Reversals

FileTop o BookTop

0501 Challenging Economics

0502 Categories

0503 Unjust Reversals

0504 Speaking of Reversals

06 Frames and Reality Italy


0601 Emotional Framing
0602 Empty Intuitions
0603 Good Frames
0604 Speaking of Frames and Reality

FileTop o BookTop

0601 Emotional Framing

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 364 6655
people will more readily forgo a discount than pay a surcharge. The two may be economically equivalent, but they are not emotionally equivalent.

0602 Empty Intuitions

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 369 6747
Like other people, these professionals were susceptible to the framing effects. It is somewhat worrying that the officials who make decisions that affect everyone's health can be swayed by such a superficial manipulation— but we must get used to the ...

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 369 6747
Saving lives with certainty is good, deaths are bad. Most people find that their System 2 has no moral intuitions of its own to answer the question.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 369 6747
Should the child exemption be larger for the rich than for the poor? Your own intuitions are very likely the same as those of Schelling's students: they found the idea of favoring the rich by a larger exemption completely unacceptable.

0603 Good Frames

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 373 6820
These enormous differences are a framing effect, which is caused by the format of the critical question. The high-donation countries have an opt out form, where individuals who wish not to donate must check an appropriate box. Unless they take this s...

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 374 6838
As we have seen again and again, an important choice is controlled by an utterly inconsequential feature of the situation. This is embarrassing— it is not how we would wish to make important

0604 Speaking of Frames and Reality

6 Part 5 Two Selves 35

377601 Two Selves The
386602 Life as a Story
391603 Experienced Well-Being
398604 Thinking About Life Figure
419605 Appendix A: Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases * Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman
433606 Appendix B: Choices, Values, And Frames * Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky
449607
467608 The Engine of Capitalism
485609
512pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 Two Selves The


0101 Experienced Utility
0102 Experience and Memory
0103 Which Self Should Count?
0104 Biology vs. Rationality
0105 Speaking of Two Selves

FileTop o BookTop

0101 Experienced Utility

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 378 6911
My fascination with the possible discrepancies between experienced utility and decision utility goes back a long way.

0102 Experience and Memory

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 378 6911
Experienced utility would vary, much as daily temperature or barometric pressure do, and the re

0103 Which Self Should Count?

0104 Biology vs. Rationality

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 384 7021
Decisions that do not produce the best possible experience and erroneous forecasts of future feelings— both are bad news for believers in the rationality of choice.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 385 7039
A memory that neglects duration will not serve our preference for long pleasure and short pains.

0105 Speaking of Two Selves

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 385 7039
A divorce is like a symphony with a screeching sound at the end— the fact that it ended badly does not mean it was all bad."

02 Life as a Story


0201 Amnesic Vacations
0202 Speaking of Life as a Story

FileTop o BookTop

0201 Amnesic Vacations

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 389 7112
the elimination of memories greatly reduces the

0202 Speaking of Life as a Story

03 Experienced Well-Being


0301 Experienced Well-Being
0302 Speaking of Experienced Well-Being

FileTop o BookTop

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 391 7149
I was naturally suspicious of global satisfaction with life as a valid measure of well-being. As the remembering self had not proved to be a good witness in my experiments, I focused on the wellbeing of the experiencing self.

0301 Experienced Well-Being

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 393 7185
Although positive

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 394 7204

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 396 7240

0302 Speaking of Experienced Well-Being

04 Thinking About Life Figure


0401 The Focusing Illusion
0402 Time and Time Again
0403 Speaking of Thinking About Life
0404 hd3:
0405 lusions I hd3:
0406 Econs and Humans
0407 Two Systems

FileTop o BookTop

0401 The Focusing Illusion

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 402 7350
Nothing in life is as important as you think it is when you are thinking about it.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 404 7386

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 404 7386
If you have been there all your life and do not travel much, living in California is like having ten to

0402 Time and Time Again

0403 Speaking of Thinking About Life

0404 hd3:

0405 lusions I hd3:

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 409 7478
The central fact of our existence is that time is the ultimate finite resource, but the remembering self ignores that reality.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 410 7496
For example, an hour spent practicing the violin may enhance the experience of many hours of playing or listening to music years later.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 410 7496
It is now conceivable , as it was not even a few years ago, that an index of the amount of suffering in society will someday be included in national statistics, along with measures of unemployment, physical disability, and income. This project has c...

0406 Econs and Humans

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 411 7514
The only test of rationality is not whether a person's beliefs and preferences are reasonable, but whether they are internally consistent.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 411 7514

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 411 7514
Rational people should be free, and they should be responsible for taking care of themselves. Milton Friedman, the leading figure in that school, expressed this view in the title of one of his popular books: Free to Choose.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 412 7533
Much is therefore at stake in the debate between the Chicago school and the behavioral economists, who reject the extreme form of the rational-agent model.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 412 7533
The decision of whether or not to protect individuals against their mistakes therefore presents a dilemma for behavioral economists. The economists of the Chicago school do not face that problem, because rational agents do not make mistakes. For adhe...

0407 Two Systems

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 415 7588
uneasy interaction between two fictitious characters: the automatic System 1 and the effortful System 2.

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 416 7606
System

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 418 7642

05 Appendix A: Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases * Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman


0501 hgl:201309260210
0502 Representativeness
0503 Availability
0504 Adjustment and Anchoring
0505 Discussion
0506
0507

FileTop o BookTop

0501 hgl:201309260210

0502 Representativeness

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 420 7679
Specifically, it can be shown by applying Bayes' rule that the ratio of these odds should be (. 7/. 3) 2, or 5.44, for each description

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 422 7716
In contrast, sampling theory entails that the expected number of days on which more than 60% of the babies are boys is much greater in the small hospital than in the large one, because a large sample is less likely to stray from 50%. This fundamental...

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 422 7716

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 424 7752
First, they do not expect regression in many contexts where it is bound to

0503 Availability

0504 Adjustment and Anchoring

0505 Discussion

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 430 7862
The reliance on heuristics and the prevalence of biases are not

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 431 7880

0506

0507

06 Appendix B: Choices, Values, And Frames * Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky


0601 hgl:201309260210
0602 Discuss the cognitive and the psychophysical
0603 y Choice hd3:
0604 Framing of Outcomes
0605 Kopioitu leikepoydalle
0606 Formulation Effects
0607 Transactions and Trades
0608 Losses and Costs
0609
0610
0611
0612

FileTop o BookTop

0601 hgl:201309260210

0602 Discuss the cognitive and the psychophysical

0603 y Choice hd3:

0604 Framing of Outcomes

0605 Kopioitu leikepoydalle

0606 Formulation Effects

0607 Transactions and Trades

0608 Losses and Costs

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 445 8136
The owner of a store, for example, does not experience money paid to suppliers as losses and money received from customers as gains. Instead, the merchant adds costs and revenues over some period of time and only evaluates the balance.

0609

Daniel Kahneman: Thinking - fast and slow, 446 8154

0610

0611

0612

07


0701 Introduction
0702 1: The Characters of the Story
0703 2: Attention and Effort
0704
0705
0706
0707
0708
0709
0710
0711 13: Availability, Emotion, and Risk
0712 14: Tom Ws Specialty
0713 15: Linda: Less is More
0714 16: Causes Trump Statistics
0715 17: Regression to the Mean
0716 18: Taming Intuitive Predictions
0717 19: The Illusion of Understanding
0718 20: The Illusion of Validity
0719 21: Intuitions vs. Formulas
0720 22: Expert Intuition: When Can We Trust It?
0721 23: The Outside View

FileTop o BookTop

0701 Introduction

0702 1: The Characters of the Story

0703 2: Attention and Effort

0704

0705

0706

0707

0708

0709

0710

0711 13: Availability, Emotion, and Risk

0712 14: Tom Ws Specialty

0713 15: Linda: Less is More

0714 16: Causes Trump Statistics

0715 17: Regression to the Mean

0716 18: Taming Intuitive Predictions

0717 19: The Illusion of Understanding

0718 20: The Illusion of Validity

0719 21: Intuitions vs. Formulas

0720 22: Expert Intuition: When Can We Trust It?

0721 23: The Outside View

08 The Engine of Capitalism


0801 25: Bernoulli’s Errors
0802
0803
0804
0805
0806
0807 Rare Events hd3:
0808 32: Keeping Score
0809 33: Reversals
0810 34: Frames and Reality
0811
0812 36: Life as a Story
0813 37: Experienced Well-Being
0814 38: Thinking About Life
0815
0816 38: Thinking About Life
0817 Conclusions

FileTop o BookTop

0801 25: Bernoulli’s Errors

0802

0803

0804

0805

0806

0807 Rare Events hd3:

0808 32: Keeping Score

0809 33: Reversals

0810 34: Frames and Reality

0811

0812 36: Life as a Story

0813 37: Experienced Well-Being

0814 38: Thinking About Life

0815

0816 38: Thinking About Life

0817 Conclusions

09

FileTop o BookTop

32 Eca de Queiroz:
Contos


KindleLink: Eca de Queiroz: Contos
AjkReview: ajk

561 TESOIRO
612 GENEBRO
1513 ÍNDICE
172pages

3001 SINGULARIDADES DE UMA RAPARIGA LOURA
13002 Macário contou-me o que o determinara mais
21003 POETA LÍRICO
29004 MOINHO
38005 CIVILIZAÇÃO I
42006 Nas tardes em que havia «banquete de Platão»
44007 Ora justamente depois dêsse inverno,
48008 O Zé Brás, no entanto, com as mãos na cabeça,
51009 Cedo, de madrugada, sem rumor,
56pages

01 SINGULARIDADES DE UMA RAPARIGA LOURA

FileTop o BookTop

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 3 49
veludilho s. m. 1. Veludo de algodão. 2.  [Botânica] Planta amarantácea.

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 8 138
penugem s. f. 1. As primeiras penas que nascem nas aves. 2. Frouxel. 3. Pelos ou cabelos muito macios e curtos. 4. Cotão.

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 8 138
cassa s. f. Tecido transparente de linho ou algodão.

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 9 172
Frou Frou oli viihde televisio tuuletetaan BBC1 vuosina 1994 ja 1995 [muokkaa] ja mukana esittely Alexandra

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 10 191
cheia s. f. 1. Enchente (de rio). 2.  [Figurado] Multidão. 3. Invasão. 4. Quantidade enorme. 5. Inundação. 6. à boca cheia: em voz alta, sem rebuço. 7. mulher cheia: grávida. 8. voz cheia: voz clara e forte.

02 Macário contou-me o que o determinara mais

FileTop o BookTop

03 POETA LÍRICO

FileTop o BookTop

04 MOINHO

FileTop o BookTop

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 33 643
Como ler uma caixa taxonómica

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 37 741
Triagem é o processo pelo qual se determina a prioridade do tratamento de pacientes com base na gravidade do seu estado. Este processo raciona eficientemente

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 37 741
29 kB (3 535 palavras) - 18h02min de 4 de março de 2015

05 CIVILIZAÇÃO I

FileTop o BookTop

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 38 746
renda s. f. 1. Obra delicada, de malha ou tecido aberto, com vários desenhos, feita com linho, seda, fio de ouro ou prata, etc. 2. Produto anual que se tira de bens imóveis, semoventes, empregos, etc.; rendimento. 3. O que se paga pelo aluguel de uma casa ou fazenda.

06 Nas tardes em que havia «banquete de Platão»

FileTop o BookTop

07 Ora justamente depois dêsse inverno,

FileTop o BookTop

08 O Zé Brás, no entanto, com as mãos na cabeça,

FileTop o BookTop

09 Cedo, de madrugada, sem rumor,

FileTop o BookTop

1 O TESOIRO

57101 Na clareira, em frente à moita que encobria o tesoiro
59102 Agora eram dêle, só dêle,
61pages

FileTop o BookTop

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 57 1134
guedelha |â ou ê| s. f. 1. Cabelo comprido e desgrenhado. = GADELHA, GAFORINA, GRENHA, GUEDELHO, MELENA 2. Porção de cabelo. = MADEIXA, MELENA 3.  [Por extensão] Madeixa de quaisquer fios. 4.  [Figurado] Proveito, lucro, interesse. • s. m. 5.  [Portugal: Regionalismo] Diabo.   ‣ Etimologia: talvez do latim *viticula, -ae, pequena vide

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 57 1134
chave s. f. 1. Instrumento com que se faz correr a lingueta de uma fechadura para a abrir ou fechar. 2. Insígnia ou símbolo de poder, autoridade ou posse. 3. Aquilo que garante o acesso a algo (ex.: pensava encontrar a chave da felicidade). = PORTA 4. Instrumento de um mecanismo com que se aperta e desaperta, arma e desarma, abre e fecha, etc. 5.  [Música] Peça que tapa ou destapa os buracos dos instrumentos de sopro. 6. Agulha de via-férrea. 7. Explicação de temas, exercícios, problemas, etc. 8. Matéria que prepara para outra superior. 9. Primeiro passo. 10. Ponto ou princípio essencial. = BASE, FUNDAMENTO 11. Ponto estratégico que defende um

01 Na clareira, em frente à moita que encobria o tesoiro

FileTop o BookTop

02 Agora eram dêle, só dêle,

FileTop o BookTop

2 FREI GENEBRO

61201 Nesse tempo ainda vivia
66202 Logo que êle cerrou os seus olhos carnais,
67203 E EVA NO PARAÍSO I
72204 Calmo, magníficamente fecundo,
79205 Então começaram, para nossos Pais,
90206 AIA
94207 DEFUNTO I
97208 A vélha aia, de olhos mais abertos
102209 D. Rui entrava, pela hora da calma,
112210 A essa hora, em Cabril, D.
115211 Para fugir a tam lamentáveis memórias,
132212 PERFEIÇÃO I
110213 Um Deus descera, um grande Deus...
139214 Era com efeito a hora em que homens
142215 Emfim no quarto dia, de manhã,
151216 FIM{349}
151pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 Nesse tempo ainda vivia

FileTop o BookTop

02 Logo que êle cerrou os seus olhos carnais,

FileTop o BookTop

03 E EVA NO PARAÍSO I

FileTop o BookTop

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 68 1359
enfeitar v. tr. 1. Adornar com enfeites. 2. Ataviar; arrebicar-se. 3.  [Figurado] Dar boa aparência a (o que é falso, mau ou ordinário); disfarçar; dar colorido a. 4. Meter farpas (no touro). • v. pron. 5. Ataviar-se, adornar-se. 6. enfeitar-se para: ter pretensões a; aspirar a.

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 71 1420
pelagem s. f. 1. Pelame. 2. Pelo dos animais.

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 71 1420
roble s. m. 1.  [Botânica] Grande árvore cupulífera que produz bolotas e cuja madeira é muito dura e muito compacta. = QUERCO, ROBLE 2.  [Botânica] Planta fagácea. 3.  [Linguagem poética] Árvore gigante e antiga.   ‣ Etimologia: latim robur, -oris

04 Calmo, magníficamente fecundo,

FileTop o BookTop

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 73 1463
auroque s. m. Espécie de boi selvagem de grande porte, extinto desde a Idade Média.

05 Então começaram, para nossos Pais,

FileTop o BookTop

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 85 1699
cheiroso |ô| adj. Que exala cheiro agradável. • Plural: cheirosos |ó|.

06 AIA

FileTop o BookTop

07 DEFUNTO I

FileTop o BookTop

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 94 1887
garça s. f. 1.  [Ornitologia] Ave pernalta, de bico e pescoço comprido e delgado, que se alimenta de peixes. 2. Tela muito rala. 3. colo de garça: pescoço alto e bem modelado. 4. olhos de garça: olhos esverdeados.

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 94 1896
carrancudo adj. 1. Que tem carranca. 2. De mau humor. 3. Cenhoso.

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 96 1924
lages.:be made

08 A vélha aia, de olhos mais abertos

FileTop o BookTop

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 97 1952
b,201511070627

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 100 2003
trémula:—«Meu cavaleiro: Muito mal haveis compreendido, ou muito mal pagais o amor que vos tenho, e que não vos pude nunca, em Segóvia, mostrar claramente...

09 D. Rui entrava, pela hora da calma,

FileTop o BookTop

10 A essa hora, em Cabril, D.

FileTop o BookTop

11 Para fugir a tam lamentáveis memórias,


1101 JOSE MATIAS

FileTop o BookTop

1101 JOSE MATIAS

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 125 2526
Talvez a adorável mulher pertencesse à bela raça daquela marquesa italiana, a Marquesa Júlia de Malfieri, que conservava dois amorosos ao seu doce serviço, um poeta para as delicadezas românticas e um cocheiro para as necessidades grosseiras.

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 131 2638
maca s. f. 1.  [Angola] Problema, conflito. 2. Pleito.   ‣ Etimologia: quimbundo maka, conversa, palavra

12 PERFEIÇÃO I

FileTop o BookTop

13 Um Deus descera, um grande Deus...

FileTop o BookTop

14 Era com efeito a hora em que homens

FileTop o BookTop

15 Emfim no quarto dia, de manhã,


1501 O SUAVE MILAGRE!

FileTop o BookTop

1501 O SUAVE MILAGRE!

Eca de Queiroz: Contos, 150 3019
jazer |ê| v. intr. 1. Estar deitado ou prostrado. 2. Estar morto. 3. Estar sepultado. 4. Permanecer. 5. Estar situado. = FICAR 6. Estar fundado ou apoiado. 7.  [Jurídico, Jurisprudência] Estar jacente. • s. m. 8. Posição de quem está deitado. = JAZIDA   ‣ Etimologia: latim jaceo, -ere, estar estendido, estar na cama, estar doente

16 FIM{349}

FileTop o BookTop

3 ÍNDICE

172pages

FileTop o BookTop

33 Jules Verne:
20000 Lieus sous les Mers


KindleLink: Jules Verne: 20000 Lieus sous les Mers
AjkReview: ajk

11 VINGT MILLE LIEUES SOUS
12 DU MONDE SOUS MARIN (Premier partie)
277pages

1001 JULES VERNE
1002 TABLE DES MATIÈRES PREMIÈR PARTIE
1pages

01 JULES VERNE

FileTop o BookTop

02 TABLE DES MATIÈRES PREMIÈR PARTIE

FileTop o BookTop

1 VINGT MILLE LIEUES SOUS

1pages

FileTop o BookTop

2 TOUR DU MONDE SOUS MARIN (Premier partie)

1201 UN ÉCUHL FUYANT
1202 LE POUR ET LE CONTRE
1203 COMME IL PLAIRA À MONSIEUR
1204 NED LAND
1205 À L'AVENTURE !
1206 À TOUTE VAPEUR
1207 UNE BALEINE D'ESPÈCE INCONNUE
1208 MOBILIS IN MOBILE
1209 LES COLÈRES DE NED LAND
1210
1211 LE NAUTILUS
1212
1213 QUELQUES CHIFFRES
1214 LE FLEUVE-NOIR
1215 UNE INVITATION PAR LETTRE vêtements de byssus. Leur
1216 PROMENADE EN PLAINE
1217 UNE FORET SOUS-MARINE
1218 XVIII QUATRE MILLE UEUES SOUS LE PACIFIQUE
1219 VANIKORO
1220 LE DÉTROIT DE TORRÈS
1221 QUELQUES JOURS À TERRE
1222 LA FOUDRE DU CAPITAINE NEMO
1223 XXIII ÆGRISOMNIA
1224 LE ROYAUME DU CORAIL
1225 DE LA PREMIÈRE PARTIE
1226 DEUXIÈME PARTIE I L'océan Indien II Une nouvelle proposition du capitaine Nemo III Une perle de dix millions IV La mer Rouge V Arabian-Tunnel VI L'Archipel grec VII La Méd... VIII La baie de Vigo IX Un continent disparu X Les houillères sous-marines XI La mer de Sargasses XII Cachalots et baleines XIII La banquise XIV Le pôle Sud XV Accident ou incident ? XVI Faute d'air XVII Du cap Horn à l'Amazone XVIII Les poulpes XIX Le Gulf-Stream XX Par 47°24' de latitude et de 17°28' de longitude XXI ... XXII Les dernières paroles du capitaine Nemo XXIII Conclusion
1227 L'OCÉAN INDIEN
1228 UNE NOUVELLE PROPOSITION DU CAPITAINE NEMO
1229 UNE PERLE DE DIX MILLIONS
1230 LAMER ROUGE
1231 ARABIAN-TUNNEL
1232 L'ARCHIPEL GREC
1233 LA MÉDITERRANÉE EN QUARANTE-HUIT HEURES
1234 LA BAIE DE VIGO
1235 UN CONTINENT DISPARU
1236 LES HOUILLÈRES SOUS-MARINES
1237 LA MER DE SARGASSES
1238 CACHALOTS ET BALEINES
1239 LA BANQUISE
1240 LE POLE SUD
1241 ACCIDENT OU INCIDENT
1242 FAUTE D'AIR
1243 DU CAP HORN À L'AMAZONE
1244 XVIII LES POULPES
1245 LE GULF-STREAM
1246 PAR 47°24’ DE LATITUDE ET DE 17°28' DE LONGITUDE
1247 UNE HÉCATOMBE narwal était
1248 LES DERNIÈRES PAROLES DU CAPITAINE NEMO
1249
1250 DE LA SECONDE PARTIE
277pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 UN ÉCUHL FUYANT

FileTop o BookTop

02 LE POUR ET LE CONTRE

FileTop o BookTop

03 COMME IL PLAIRA À MONSIEUR

FileTop o BookTop

04 NED LAND

FileTop o BookTop

05 À L'AVENTURE !

FileTop o BookTop

06 À TOUTE VAPEUR

FileTop o BookTop

07 UNE BALEINE D'ESPÈCE INCONNUE

FileTop o BookTop

08 MOBILIS IN MOBILE

FileTop o BookTop

09 LES COLÈRES DE NED LAND

FileTop o BookTop

10

FileTop o BookTop

11 LE NAUTILUS

FileTop o BookTop

12

FileTop o BookTop

13 QUELQUES CHIFFRES

FileTop o BookTop

14 LE FLEUVE-NOIR

FileTop o BookTop

15 UNE INVITATION PAR LETTRE vêtements de byssus. Leur

FileTop o BookTop

16 PROMENADE EN PLAINE

FileTop o BookTop

17 UNE FORET SOUS-MARINE

FileTop o BookTop

18 XVIII QUATRE MILLE UEUES SOUS LE PACIFIQUE

FileTop o BookTop

19 VANIKORO

FileTop o BookTop

20 LE DÉTROIT DE TORRÈS

FileTop o BookTop

21 QUELQUES JOURS À TERRE

FileTop o BookTop

22 LA FOUDRE DU CAPITAINE NEMO

FileTop o BookTop

23 XXIII ÆGRISOMNIA

FileTop o BookTop

24 LE ROYAUME DU CORAIL

FileTop o BookTop

25 DE LA PREMIÈRE PARTIE

FileTop o BookTop

26 DEUXIÈME PARTIE I L'océan Indien II Une nouvelle proposition du capitaine Nemo III Une perle de dix millions IV La mer Rouge V Arabian-Tunnel VI L'Archipel grec VII La Méd... VIII La baie de Vigo IX Un continent disparu X Les houillères sous-marines XI La mer de Sargasses XII Cachalots et baleines XIII La banquise XIV Le pôle Sud XV Accident ou incident ? XVI Faute d'air XVII Du cap Horn à l'Amazone XVIII Les poulpes XIX Le Gulf-Stream XX Par 47°24' de latitude et de 17°28' de longitude XXI ... XXII Les dernières paroles du capitaine Nemo XXIII Conclusion

FileTop o BookTop

27 L'OCÉAN INDIEN

FileTop o BookTop

28 UNE NOUVELLE PROPOSITION DU CAPITAINE NEMO

FileTop o BookTop

29 UNE PERLE DE DIX MILLIONS

FileTop o BookTop

30 LAMER ROUGE

FileTop o BookTop

31 ARABIAN-TUNNEL

FileTop o BookTop

32 L'ARCHIPEL GREC

FileTop o BookTop

33 LA MÉDITERRANÉE EN QUARANTE-HUIT HEURES

FileTop o BookTop

34 LA BAIE DE VIGO

FileTop o BookTop

35 UN CONTINENT DISPARU

FileTop o BookTop

36 LES HOUILLÈRES SOUS-MARINES

FileTop o BookTop

37 LA MER DE SARGASSES

FileTop o BookTop

38 CACHALOTS ET BALEINES

FileTop o BookTop

39 LA BANQUISE

FileTop o BookTop

40 LE POLE SUD

FileTop o BookTop

Jules Verne: 20000 Lieus sous les Mers, 1 8655

41 ACCIDENT OU INCIDENT

FileTop o BookTop

42 FAUTE D'AIR

FileTop o BookTop

43 DU CAP HORN À L'AMAZONE

FileTop o BookTop

44 XVIII LES POULPES

FileTop o BookTop

45 LE GULF-STREAM

FileTop o BookTop

46 PAR 47°24’ DE LATITUDE ET DE 17°28' DE LONGITUDE

FileTop o BookTop

47 UNE HÉCATOMBE narwal était

FileTop o BookTop

48 LES DERNIÈRES PAROLES DU CAPITAINE NEMO

FileTop o BookTop

49

FileTop o BookTop

50 DE LA SECONDE PARTIE

FileTop o BookTop

34 Jules Verne:
L'archipel en feu


KindleLink: Jules Verne: L'archipel en feu
AjkReview: ajk

1611 AUTOUR
160pages

1001 Table des matières I Navire au large II En face l'un de l'autre III Grecs contre Turcs IV Triste maison d'un riche V La côte messénienne VI Sus aux pirates de l'archipel! VII L'inattendu VIII Vingt millions en jeu IX L'archipel en feu X Campagne ...
1002 Navire au large
13003 En face Pun de l'autre
20004 Grecs contre Turcs Kopioitu leikepöydälle
27005 Triste maison d'un riche
40006 La côte messénienne
50007 Sus aux pirates de l'archipel!
61008 L'inattendu
82009 L'archipel en feu
92010 Campagne dans l'archipel
104011 Signaux sans réponse
121012 Une enchère à Scarpanto
152013 Dénouement
161pages

01 Table des matières I Navire au large II En face l'un de l'autre III Grecs contre Turcs IV Triste maison d'un riche V La côte messénienne VI Sus aux pirates de l'archipel! VII L'inattendu VIII Vingt millions en jeu IX L'archipel en feu X Campagne ...

FileTop o BookTop

02 Navire au large

FileTop o BookTop

03 En face Pun de l'autre

FileTop o BookTop

04 Grecs contre Turcs Kopioitu leikepöydälle

FileTop o BookTop

05 Triste maison d'un riche

FileTop o BookTop

06 La côte messénienne

FileTop o BookTop

07 Sus aux pirates de l'archipel!

FileTop o BookTop

08 L'inattendu

FileTop o BookTop

09 L'archipel en feu

FileTop o BookTop

10 Campagne dans l'archipel

FileTop o BookTop

11 Signaux sans réponse

FileTop o BookTop

12 Une enchère à Scarpanto

FileTop o BookTop

13 Dénouement

FileTop o BookTop

1 AUTOUR

160pages

FileTop o BookTop

35 Jules Verne:
Autour de la lune


KindleLink: Jules Verne: Autour de la lune
AjkReview: ajk

3321 AVENTURES DU CAPITAINE HATTERAS
247pages

165001
171002 La première demi-heure
183003 Où l'on s'installe
191004 Un peu d'algèbre
202005 Les froids de l'espace
219006 Un moment d'ivresse
236007 Conséquences d'une déviation
241008 Les observateurs de la lune
250009 Details orographiques
257010 Paysages lunaires
264011 La nuit de trois cent cinquante-quatre heures et demie XV Hyperbole ou parabole
282012 L'hémisphère méridional
286013 Tycho
293014 XVIII Questions graves XIX Lutte contre l'impossible
310015 Les sondages de la Susquehanna
315016 j.-T. Maston rappelé
322017 Le sauvetage XXIII Pour finir
332018 FIN
332pages

01

FileTop o BookTop

02 La première demi-heure

FileTop o BookTop

03 Où l'on s'installe

FileTop o BookTop

04 Un peu d'algèbre

FileTop o BookTop

05 Les froids de l'espace

FileTop o BookTop

06 Un moment d'ivresse

FileTop o BookTop

07 Conséquences d'une déviation

FileTop o BookTop

08 Les observateurs de la lune

FileTop o BookTop

09 Details orographiques

FileTop o BookTop

10 Paysages lunaires

FileTop o BookTop

11 La nuit de trois cent cinquante-quatre heures et demie XV Hyperbole ou parabole

FileTop o BookTop

12 L'hémisphère méridional

FileTop o BookTop

13 Tycho

FileTop o BookTop

14 XVIII Questions graves XIX Lutte contre l'impossible

FileTop o BookTop

15 Les sondages de la Susquehanna

FileTop o BookTop

16 j.-T. Maston rappelé

FileTop o BookTop

17 Le sauvetage XXIII Pour finir

FileTop o BookTop

18 FIN

FileTop o BookTop

1 AVENTURES DU CAPITAINE HATTERAS

247pages

FileTop o BookTop

36 Jules Verne:
Aventures du capitaine Hatteras


KindleLink: Jules Verne: Aventures du capitaine Hatteras
AjkReview: ajk

1001 PREMIÈRE PARTIE LES ANGLAIS AU POLE NORD
1002 CHAPITRE XXXII. LE RETOUR AU FORWARD.
1003 SECONDE PARTIE LE DÉSERT DE GLACE
605pages

01 PREMIÈRE PARTIE LES ANGLAIS AU POLE NORD


0101 CHAPITRE PREMIER. LE FORWARD.
0102 CHAPITRE II. UNE LETTRE INATTENDUE.
0103 III. LE DOCTEUR CLAWBONNY.
0104 CHAPITRE IV DOG-CAPTAIN. wrd:201310140803 colimaçon: colimaçon nom masculin (Familièrement) Limaçon. • expression « En colimaçon » : De forme hélicoïdale, en forme de spirale.
0105 CHAPITRE V. LA PLEINE MER.
0106 CHAPITRE VI. LE GRAND COURANT POLAIRE.
0107 CHAPITRE VII. L'ENTRÉE DU DÉTROIT DE DAVIS.
0108 CHAPITRE VIII. PROPOS DE L’ÉQUIPAGE.
0109 CHAPITRE IX. UNE NOUVELLE LETTRE.
0110 CHAPITRE X. PÉRILLEUSE NAVIGATION.
0111 CHAPITRE XI LE POUCE-DU-DIABLE.
0112 CHAPITRE XII. LE CAPITAINE HATTERAS.
0113 CHAPITRE XIII. LES PROJETS D'HATTERAS.
0114 CHAPITRE XIV. EXPÉDITIONS A LA RECHERCHE DE FRANKLIN.
0115 CHAPITRE XV. LE FORWARD REJETÉ DANS LE SUD.
0116 CHAPITRE XVI. LE PÔLE MAGNÉTIQUE
0117 CHAPITRE XVII. LA CATASTROPHE DE SIR JOHN FRANKLIN.
0118 CHAPITRE XVIII LA ROUTE AU NORD. tO O Ö1 CHAPITRE XIX. UNE BALEINE EN VUE.
0119 CHAPITRE XX. L’ÎLE BEECHEY.
0120 CHAPITRE XXI. LA MORT DE BELLOT.
0121 CHAPITRE XXII. COMMENCEMENT DE RÉVOLTE.
0122 CHAPITRE XXIV. PRÉPARATIFS D'HIVERNAGE.
0123 CHAPITRE XXV. UN VIEUX RENARD DE JAMES ROSS.
0124 CHAPITRE XXVI. LE DERNIER MORCEAU DE CHARBON.
0125 CHAPITRE XXVII. LES GRANDS FROIDS DE NOËL.
0126 CHAPITRE XXVIII. PRÉPARATIFS DE DÉPART.
0127 21307291434 Kopioitu leikepöydälle CHAPITRE XXIX. A TRAVERS LES CHAMPS DE GLACE.
0128 CHAPITRE XXX. LE CAIRN.
0129 CHAPITRE XXXI LA MORT DE SIMPSON.

FileTop o BookTop

0101 CHAPITRE PREMIER. LE FORWARD.

0102 CHAPITRE II. UNE LETTRE INATTENDUE.

0103 III. LE DOCTEUR CLAWBONNY.

0104 CHAPITRE IV DOG-CAPTAIN. wrd:201310140803 colimaçon: colimaçon nom masculin (Familièrement) Limaçon. • expression « En colimaçon » : De forme hélicoïdale, en forme de spirale.

0105 CHAPITRE V. LA PLEINE MER.

0106 CHAPITRE VI. LE GRAND COURANT POLAIRE.

0107 CHAPITRE VII. L'ENTRÉE DU DÉTROIT DE DAVIS.

0108 CHAPITRE VIII. PROPOS DE L’ÉQUIPAGE.

0109 CHAPITRE IX. UNE NOUVELLE LETTRE.

0110 CHAPITRE X. PÉRILLEUSE NAVIGATION.

0111 CHAPITRE XI LE POUCE-DU-DIABLE.

0112 CHAPITRE XII. LE CAPITAINE HATTERAS.

Jules Verne: Aventures du capitaine Hatteras, 1 21346
La Nouvelle-Zemble, découverte par Willoughby Davis -- 1587. Le Spitzberg

0113 CHAPITRE XIII. LES PROJETS D'HATTERAS.

0114 CHAPITRE XIV. EXPÉDITIONS A LA RECHERCHE DE FRANKLIN.

0115 CHAPITRE XV. LE FORWARD REJETÉ DANS LE SUD.

0116 CHAPITRE XVI. LE PÔLE MAGNÉTIQUE

0117 CHAPITRE XVII. LA CATASTROPHE DE SIR JOHN FRANKLIN.

0118 CHAPITRE XVIII LA ROUTE AU NORD. tO O Ö1 CHAPITRE XIX. UNE BALEINE EN VUE.

0119 CHAPITRE XX. L’ÎLE BEECHEY.

0120 CHAPITRE XXI. LA MORT DE BELLOT.

0121 CHAPITRE XXII. COMMENCEMENT DE RÉVOLTE.

0122 CHAPITRE XXIV. PRÉPARATIFS D'HIVERNAGE.

0123 CHAPITRE XXV. UN VIEUX RENARD DE JAMES ROSS.

0124 CHAPITRE XXVI. LE DERNIER MORCEAU DE CHARBON.

0125 CHAPITRE XXVII. LES GRANDS FROIDS DE NOËL.

0126 CHAPITRE XXVIII. PRÉPARATIFS DE DÉPART.

0127 21307291434 Kopioitu leikepöydälle CHAPITRE XXIX. A TRAVERS LES CHAMPS DE GLACE.

0128 CHAPITRE XXX. LE CAIRN.

0129 CHAPITRE XXXI LA MORT DE SIMPSON.

02 CHAPITRE XXXII. LE RETOUR AU FORWARD.

FileTop o BookTop

03 SECONDE PARTIE LE DÉSERT DE GLACE


0301 CHAPITRE I L'INVENTAIRE DU DOCTEUR
0302 CHAPITRE II LES PREMIÈRES PAROLES D'ALTAMONT
0303 CHAPITRE III DIX-SEPT JOURS DE MARCHE
0304 CHAPITRE IV LA DERNIÈRE CHARGE DE POUDRE
0305 CHAPITRE V LE PHOQUE ET L’OURS
0306 CHAPITRE VI LE «PORPOISE >
0307 CHAPITRE VII UNE DISCUSSION CARTOLOGIQUE
0308 CHAPITRE IX LE FROID ET LE CHAUD
0309 CHAPITRE X LES PLAISIRS DE L'HIVERNAGE
0310 CHAPITRE XI TRACES INQUIÉTANTES
0311 CHAPITRE XII LA PRISON DE GLACE
0312 CHAPITRE XIV LE PRINTEMPS POLAIRE
0313 CHAPITRE XV LE PASSAGE DU NORD-OUEST
0314 CHAPITRE XVII LA REVANCHE D’ALTAMONT
0315 CHAPITRE XVIII LES DERNIERS PRÉPARATIFS
0316 CHAPITRE XX EMPREINTES SUR LA NEIGE
0317 CHAPITRE XXI LA MER LIBRE
0318 CHAPITRE XXII LES APPROCHES DU PÔLE
0319 CHAPITRE XXIII LE PAVILLON D'ANGLETERRE
0320 CHAPITRE XXIV COURS DE COSMOGRAPHIE POLAIRE
0321 CHAPITRE XXV LE MONT HATTERAS
0322 CHAPITRE XXVI RETOUR AU SUD
0323 CHAPITRE XXVII CONCLUSION
0324 ,end Qi SC20131014-162251.jpg p SC20131014-162302.jpg jgjjSl SC20131014-162307.jpg »d; SC20131014-162313.jpg »d SC20131014-162320.jpg |

FileTop o BookTop

0301 CHAPITRE I L'INVENTAIRE DU DOCTEUR

0302 CHAPITRE II LES PREMIÈRES PAROLES D'ALTAMONT

0303 CHAPITRE III DIX-SEPT JOURS DE MARCHE

0304 CHAPITRE IV LA DERNIÈRE CHARGE DE POUDRE

0305 CHAPITRE V LE PHOQUE ET L’OURS

0306 CHAPITRE VI LE «PORPOISE >

0307 CHAPITRE VII UNE DISCUSSION CARTOLOGIQUE

0308 CHAPITRE IX LE FROID ET LE CHAUD

0309 CHAPITRE X LES PLAISIRS DE L'HIVERNAGE

0310 CHAPITRE XI TRACES INQUIÉTANTES

0311 CHAPITRE XII LA PRISON DE GLACE

0312 CHAPITRE XIV LE PRINTEMPS POLAIRE

0313 CHAPITRE XV LE PASSAGE DU NORD-OUEST

0314 CHAPITRE XVII LA REVANCHE D’ALTAMONT

0315 CHAPITRE XVIII LES DERNIERS PRÉPARATIFS

0316 CHAPITRE XX EMPREINTES SUR LA NEIGE

0317 CHAPITRE XXI LA MER LIBRE

0318 CHAPITRE XXII LES APPROCHES DU PÔLE

0319 CHAPITRE XXIII LE PAVILLON D'ANGLETERRE

0320 CHAPITRE XXIV COURS DE COSMOGRAPHIE POLAIRE

0321 CHAPITRE XXV LE MONT HATTERAS

0322 CHAPITRE XXVI RETOUR AU SUD

0323 CHAPITRE XXVII CONCLUSION

0324 ,end Qi SC20131014-162251.jpg p SC20131014-162302.jpg jgjjSl SC20131014-162307.jpg »d; SC20131014-162313.jpg »d SC20131014-162320.jpg |

37 John William Draper:
History of the Intellectual Development of Europe


KindleLink: John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe
AjkReview: ajk

21 HISTORY OF THE INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT OF EUROPE. By JOHN WILLIAM DRAPER, M.D., LL.D., Professor of Chemistry in the University of
132 INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT OF EUROPE.
442pages

2pages

1 HISTORY OF THE INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT OF EUROPE. By JOHN WILLIAM DRAPER, M.D., LL.D., Professor of Chemistry in the University of

3101 PREFACE TO THE REVISED EDITION.
3102 CONTENTS.
3103 ON THE GOVERNMENT OF NATURE BY LAW.
3104 OF EUROPE: ITS TOPOGRAPHY AND ETHNOLOGY.
4105 DIGRESSION ON HINDU THEOLOGY AND EGYPTIAN CIVILIZATION.
5106 GREEK AGE OF INQUIRY. RISE AND DECLINE OF PHYSICAL SPECULATION.
6107 THE GREEK AGE OF FAITH. RISE AND DECLINE OF ETHICAL PHILOSOPHY.
6108 THE GREEK AGE OF REASON. RISE OF SCIENCE.
7109 THE GREEK AGE OF INTELLECTUAL DECREPITUDE. THE DEATH OF GREEK PHILOSOPHY.
8110 VIII. DIGRESSION ON THE HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INFLUENCES OF ROME. PREPARATION FOR RESUMING THE EXAMINATION OF THE INTELLECTUAL PROGRESS OF EUROPE.
9111 THE EUROPEAN AGE OF INQUIRY. THE PROGRESSIVE VARIATION OF OPINIONS CLOSED BY THE INSTITUTION OF COUNCILS AND THE CONCENTRATION OF POWER IN A PONTIFF. RISE, EARLY VARIATIONS, CONFLICTS, AND FINAL ESTABLISHMENT OF CHRISTIANITY.
10112 THE EUROPEAN AGE OF FAITH. AGE OF FAITH IN THE EAST.
10113 PREMATURE END OF THE AGE OF FAITH IN THE EAST. THE THREE ATTACKS, VANDAL, PERSIAN, ARAB.
11114 THE AGE OF FAITH IN THE WEST.
11115 XIII. DIGRESSION ON THE PASSAGE OF THE ARABIANS TO THEIR AGE OF REASON. INFLUENCE OF MEDICAL IDEAS THROUGH THE NESTORIANS AND JEWS.
12116 THE AGE OF FAITH IN THE WEST—(Continued). IMAGE-WORSHIP AND THE MONKS.
13pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 PREFACE TO THE REVISED EDITION.

FileTop o BookTop

02 CONTENTS.

FileTop o BookTop

03 ON THE GOVERNMENT OF NATURE BY LAW.

FileTop o BookTop

04 OF EUROPE: ITS TOPOGRAPHY AND ETHNOLOGY.

FileTop o BookTop

05 DIGRESSION ON HINDU THEOLOGY AND EGYPTIAN CIVILIZATION.

FileTop o BookTop

06 GREEK AGE OF INQUIRY. RISE AND DECLINE OF PHYSICAL SPECULATION.

FileTop o BookTop

07 THE GREEK AGE OF FAITH. RISE AND DECLINE OF ETHICAL PHILOSOPHY.

FileTop o BookTop

08 THE GREEK AGE OF REASON. RISE OF SCIENCE.

FileTop o BookTop

09 THE GREEK AGE OF INTELLECTUAL DECREPITUDE. THE DEATH OF GREEK PHILOSOPHY.

FileTop o BookTop

10 VIII. DIGRESSION ON THE HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INFLUENCES OF ROME. PREPARATION FOR RESUMING THE EXAMINATION OF THE INTELLECTUAL PROGRESS OF EUROPE.

FileTop o BookTop

11 THE EUROPEAN AGE OF INQUIRY. THE PROGRESSIVE VARIATION OF OPINIONS CLOSED BY THE INSTITUTION OF COUNCILS AND THE CONCENTRATION OF POWER IN A PONTIFF. RISE, EARLY VARIATIONS, CONFLICTS, AND FINAL ESTABLISHMENT OF CHRISTIANITY.

FileTop o BookTop

12 THE EUROPEAN AGE OF FAITH. AGE OF FAITH IN THE EAST.

FileTop o BookTop

13 PREMATURE END OF THE AGE OF FAITH IN THE EAST. THE THREE ATTACKS, VANDAL, PERSIAN, ARAB.

FileTop o BookTop

14 THE AGE OF FAITH IN THE WEST.

FileTop o BookTop

15 XIII. DIGRESSION ON THE PASSAGE OF THE ARABIANS TO THEIR AGE OF REASON. INFLUENCE OF MEDICAL IDEAS THROUGH THE NESTORIANS AND JEWS.

FileTop o BookTop

16 THE AGE OF FAITH IN THE WEST—(Continued). IMAGE-WORSHIP AND THE MONKS.

FileTop o BookTop

2 THE INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT OF EUROPE.

13201 ON THE GOVERNMENT OF NATURE BY LAW.
19202 every year the life of the earth pulsates; now there is an abounding vitality, now a desolation. But what is the cause of all this? It is only mechanical. The earth's axis of rotation is inclined to the plane
34203 to the invariable, from the transitory to the eternal; from the expedients and II. OF EUROPE: ITS TOPOGRAPHY AND ETHNOLOGY. ITS PRIMITIVE MODES OF THOUGHT, AND THEIR PROGRESSIVE VARIATIONS, MANIFESTED IN THE GREEK AGE OF CREDULITY.
66204 hd2:DIGRESSION ON HINDU THEOLOGY AND EGYPTIAN CIVILIZATION.
103205 IV. GREEK AGE OF INQUIRY. RISE AND DECLINE OF PHYSICAL SPECULATION. Kopioitu leikepöydälle
152206 V. THE GREEK AGE OF FAITH. RISE AND DECLINE OF ETHICAL PHILOSOPHY.
180207 VI. THE GREEK AGE OF REASON. RISE OF SCIENCE.
215208 THE GREEK AGE OF INTELLECTUAL DECREPITUDE. THE DEATH OF GREEK PHILOSOPHY.
246209 VIII. DIGRESSION ON THE HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INFLUENCES OF ROME. PREPARATION FOR RESUMING THE EXAMINATION OF THE INTELLECTUAL PROGRESS OF EUROPE.
272210 THE EUROPEAN AGE OF INQUIRY. THE PROGRESSIVE VARIATION OF OPINIONS CLOSED BY THE INSTITUTION OF COUNCILS AND THE CONCENTRATION OF POWER IN A PONTIFF. RISE. EARLY VARIATIONS, CONFLICTS, AND FINAL ESTABLISHMENT OF CHRISTIANITY.
313211 THE EUROPEAN AGE OF FAITH. AGE OF FAITH IN THE EAST.
331212 XI. PREMATURE END OF THE AGE OF FAITH IN THE EAST. THE THREE ATTACKS, VANDAL. PERSIAN. ARAB.
353213 XII. THE AGE OF FAITH IN THE WEST.
387214 XIII. DIGRESSION ON THE PASSAGE OF THE ARABIANS TO THEIR AGE OF REASON. INFLUENCE OF MEDICAL IDEAS THROUGH THE NESTORIANS AND JEWS.
417215 THE AGE OF FAITH IN THE WEST—(Continued). IMAGE-WORSHIP AND THE MONKS.
442pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 ON THE GOVERNMENT OF NATURE BY LAW.

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 16 247
hardly two centuries ago, that doctrine gathered immense force from the discovery of Newton that Kepler's laws, under which the movements of the planetary bodies are executed, issue as a mathematical necessity from a very simple material condition, a...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 16 255
021 3 the winds, how proverbially inconstant, who can tell whence they come or whither they go! If any thing bears the fitful character of arbitrary volition, surely it is

02 every year the life of the earth pulsates; now there is an abounding vitality, now a desolation. But what is the cause of all this? It is only mechanical. The earth's axis of rotation is inclined to the plane


0201 Human variations.
0202 Kopioitu leikepöydälle Communities, like families, exhibit members in different stages of advance. Groups of men, or nations, are disturbed by the same accidents, or complete the same cycle as the individual. Some scarcely pass beyond infancy, some are destroyed on a sudde...
0203 Secular variations of nations. We must therefore no longer regard nations or groups of men as offering a permanent picture.
0204 The death of nations.
0205 There is nothing absolute in time.
0206 Nations are only transitional forms.
0207 Their course is ever advancing, never retrograde.
0208 The five ages of European life.
0209 And yet there is free-will for man.
0210 Changeability of forms and unchangeability of law. hgl:201310160750 Is there an object presented to us which does not bear the mark of ephemeral duration?
0211 The object of this book is to assert the control of law in human affairs. hgl:201310160756

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 20 315
An obscuration of the rays of the sun for a few years would compel a redistribution of plants and animals all over the earth; many would totally disappear, and everywhere new comers would be seen.

0201 Human variations.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 23 359
Variations in the aspect of men are best seen when an examination is made of nations arranged in a northerly and southerly direction;

0202 Kopioitu leikepöydälle Communities, like families, exhibit members in different stages of advance. Groups of men, or nations, are disturbed by the same accidents, or complete the same cycle as the individual. Some scarcely pass beyond infancy, some are destroyed on a sudde...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 26 419
A national type pursues its

0203 Secular variations of nations. We must therefore no longer regard nations or groups of men as offering a permanent picture.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 28 445

0204 The death of nations.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 29 460
Nations, like individuals, die. Their birth presents an ethnical element; their death, which is the most solemn event that we can contemplate, may arise from interior or from external causes.

0205 There is nothing absolute in time.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 29 467
Time, to the nation as to the individual, is nothing absolute; its duration depends on the rate of thought and feeling.

0206 Nations are only transitional forms.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 30 471
The origin, existence, and death of nations depend thus on physical influences, which are themselves the result of immutable laws. Nations are only transitional forms of humanity.

0207 Their course is ever advancing, never retrograde.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 30 479

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 30 479
There are five intellectual manifestations to which we may resort—philosophy, science, literature, religion, government.

0208 The five ages of European life.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 31 503
The intellectual progress of Europe being of a nature answering to that observed in the case of Greece, and this, in its turn, being like that of an individual, we may conveniently separate it into arbitrary periods, s... of Credulity; 2, the Age of Inquiry; 3, the Age of Faith; 4, the Age of Reason; 5, the Age of Decrepitude; and shall use these designations in the division of my subject in its several chapters. The

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 32 509

0209 And yet there is free-will for man.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 32 517

0210 Changeability of forms and unchangeability of law. hgl:201310160750 Is there an object presented to us which does not bear the mark of ephemeral duration?

0211 The object of this book is to assert the control of law in human affairs. hgl:201310160756

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 34 544

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 34 547
I am to draw his thoughts from the tangible to the invisible, from the limited to the i volitions so largely amusing the life of man, to the p... Kopioitu leikepöydälle

03 to the invariable, from the transitory to the eternal; from the expedients and II. OF EUROPE: ITS TOPOGRAPHY AND ETHNOLOGY. ITS PRIMITIVE MODES OF THOUGHT, AND THEIR PROGRESSIVE VARIATIONS, MANIFESTED IN THE GREEK AGE OF CREDULITY.


0301 Universal disbelief of the learned. Thus for many ages stood affairs. One after another, historians, philosophers, critics, poets, had given up the national faith, and lived under a pressure perpetually

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 37 589
On the Atlantic face of the mountains of Norway it is perpetually raining: the annual depth of water is there 82 inches; but on the opposite side of those mountains is only 21 inches. For similar reasons, Ireland is moist and green, and in Cornwall t...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 37 601
Rome the snowy days are 11*; in Venice, 51*; in Paris, 12; in St. Petersburgh, 171. Whatever causes interfere with the distribution of heat must influence the precipitation of snow; among such are the Gulf Stream and local altitude. Hence, on the coast...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 39 619
Where there are many climates there will be many forms of men. Herein, as we shall in due season discover, lies the explanation of the energy of European life, and the development of its civilization. Food, houses, clothing, bear a certain relation to the isothermal lines.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 42 678
Since the tertiary period two-thirds of Europe have been lifted above the sea. The Norway coast has been elevated 600 feet, the Alps have been upheaved 2000 or 3000, the Apennines 1000 to 2000 feet. The country between Mont Blanc and Vienna has been ...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 43 686
Man was contemporary with the cave bear, the cave lion, the amphibious hippopotamus, the mammoth. Caves that have been examined in France or elsewhere have furnished for the stone age, axes, knives, lance and arrow points, scrapers, hammers. The chan...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 47 760
A local heaven and a local hell are found in every mythology. In Greece, as to heaven, there was a universal agreement that it was situated above the blue sky; but as to hell, much difference of opinion prevailed.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 51 818
Besides the celestial bodies, the clouds are continually moving over the sky, for ever the breath of that invisible Kopioitu leikepöydälle heir shape. No one can tell whence the wind comes or whither it goes; perhaps it is

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 55 883
It was an ominous circumstance that the Ionian Greeks, who first began to philosophize, commenced their labours by depersonifying the elements, and treating not of Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades, but of Air, Water, Fire. The destruction of theological con...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 55 894
How was it possible that the notion of a flat earth, bounded by the horizon and bordered by the circumfluous ocean, could maintain itself when colonies were being founded in Gaul, and the Phoenicians were bringing tin from beyond the Pillars of Hercul...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 59 954
It soon became the universal impression that there was an intrinsic opposition between philosophy and religion, and herein public opinion was not mistaken; the fact that polytheism furnished a religious explanation for every natural event made it ess...

0301 Universal disbelief of the learned. Thus for many ages stood affairs. One after another, historians, philosophers, critics, poets, had given up the national faith, and lived under a pressure perpetually

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 66 1071
To bring nations to surrender themselves to new ideas is not the affair of a day.

04 hd2:DIGRESSION ON HINDU THEOLOGY AND EGYPTIAN CIVILIZATION.


0401 Foreign epochs in Greek history. In early Greek history there are, therefore, two leading foreign events: 1st, the opening of the Egyptian ports, B.C. 670; 2nd, the downfall of Old Tyre, 573. The effect of the first was chiefly intellectual; that of...

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 67 1093
In life there is no going back; the morose old man can never resume the genial confi boyhood; even the boy is parted by a long step from the... kindle The Vedas, which are the Hindu Scriptures, and of which there are four, the Rig, Yagust, Saman and Atharvan, are asserted to have been revealed by Brahma.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 73 1179
They suggest no proselyting spirit, but rather adopt the principle that all religions must be equally acceptable to God, since, if it were otherwise, he would have instituted a single one, and, considering his omnipotence, none other could have possi...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 77 1247
Buddhism arose about the tenth century before Christ, its founder being Arddha Chiddi, a native of Capila, near Nepaul. Of his epoch there are, however, many statements. The Avars, Siamese, and Cingalese fix it B.C. 600; the Cashmerians, B.C. 1332; t...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 78 1262
There is no country, except India, which has the same religion now that it had at the I: Kopioitu leikepöydälle

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 79 1282
The fundamental principle of Buddhism is that there is a supreme power, but no

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 79 1291
The Buddhist has no religion, but

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 82 1328
men;—Nirwana, the end of successive existences, that state which has no relation to matter, or space, or time, to which and the passage to nonentity, the departing flame of the extinguished taper has gone. It is the supreme end.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 84 1370
Decorated with these extraneous but popular recommendations, Buddhism has been embraced by two-fifths of the human race. man is entitled to indulge his views on these matters just as he is entitled to indulge his taste in the colour and fashion of his garments; that he has no more right, however, to live without some religious profession than he has a right to go naked... ± 9.31*

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 87 1412
Hycksos, or shepherd kings, a race of Asiatic invaders. These, in their turn, had held dominion for more than five centuries, when an insurrection put an end to their power, and gave birth to the new empire, some of the monarchs of which, for their g...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 88 1425
serious difficulty in the way of her becoming a naval power; no timber suitable for ship-building grmk in the country—indeed, scarcely enough was to be found to satisfy the demands for the construction of houses and

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 88 1431
Jerusalem, the metropolis of a little state lying directly between the contending powers, and alternately disturbed by each. Opening of the Suez Canal. Azotus for twenty-nine years; that his son Necho reopened the canal between the Nile at Bubastes and the Red Sea at Suez—it was wide enough for two ships to pass—and on being resisted therein by the priests, who feared that...

0401 Foreign epochs in Greek history. In early Greek history there are, therefore, two leading foreign events: 1st, the opening of the Egyptian ports, B.C. 670; 2nd, the downfall of Old Tyre, 573. The effect of the first was chiefly intellectual; that of...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 91 1477

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 91 1485
The masonry of the Great Pyramid, built thirty-four hundred years before Christ, has never yet been surpassed.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 91 1487
when Jacob went into Egypt, that pyramid had been built as many centuries as have intervened from the birth of Christ to the present day. If Kopioitu leikepöydälle

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 91 1490
I nrntinn 1 A QA Uinklinkt decimal and duodecimal systems of arithmetic were in use; the arts necessary in hydraulic engineering, massive architecture, and the ascertainment of the boundaries of land, had reached no insignificant degree of perfection.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 93 1517
Though doubtless it was in the beginning a mere picture-writing, like that of the Mexicans, it had already, at the first moment we meet with it, undergone a twofold development—ideographic and phonetic; the one expressing ideas, the other sounds.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 93 1520
It is said that one of the Roman emperors was obliged to offer a rmkard for the translation of an obelisk. To the early Christian the hieroglyphic inscription was an abomination, as full of the relics of idolatry, and indicating an inspiration of the devil. He

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 94 1526
Thus, in 1802, Palin thought that the papyri were the Psalms of David done into Chine Denderah were the 100th Psalm, a pleasant ecclesiastical conc...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 94 1531
Kopioitu leikepöydälle ‘brmk documents; it was even asserted that the inscriptions in the temple of Thousands of years have passed since the foundation of the first Egyptian dynasty. The Pyramids have seen the old empire, the Hycksos monarchs, the New Empire, the Persian, the Macedonian, the Roman, the Mohammedan. They have stood while the heavens ...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 96 1559
Nilometer which measures the height of the flood indicates eight cubits, the crops will be scanty; but if it reaches fourteen cubits, there will be a plentiful harvest. In the spring of the year it may be known how the fields will be in the autumn. A...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 96 1563
The American counterpart of Egypt in this physical condition is Peru, the coast of which is also a rainless district. Peru is the Egypt of civilization of the Western continent.

05 IV. GREEK AGE OF INQUIRY. RISE AND DECLINE OF PHYSICAL SPECULATION. Kopioitu leikepöydälle

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 105 1716
It might therefore be said, both philosophically and facetiously, that the first principle Importance of water in Egypt, of all things is water.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 105 1719
There was not a peasant to whom it was not apparent that water is the first principle of all things, even of taxation; and, since it was not only necessary to survey lands to ascertain the surface that had been irrigated, but to redetermine their bou...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 106 1734
out of polytheism to bring forth monotheism; to determine the invariable in the variable; and to ascertain the beginning of things: that he observed how infinite is the sea;

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 106 1737
Thales was to establish a coincidence between philosophy and the popular theology a Kopioitu leikepöydälle ffirms that Oceanus is one of the parent-gods of Nature.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 108 1765
Anaximenes also held that even the human soul itself is nothing but air, since life consists in inhaling and exhaling it, and ceases as soon as that process stops.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 109 1771
The air is God. breathing that the air is a life-giving principle to man, nay, even is actually his soul, it would appear to be a just inference that the infinite air is God and that the gods and goddesses have sprung from it.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 113 1840
now the same particle is found in the air next aiding in the composition of a plant, then in the body of an animal, and back in the air once more. In this perpetual Agency of the sun.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 113 1852
Heraclitus of Ephesus, who maintained that the first principle is fire.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 114 1859
"No one has ever been twice on the same stream. Kopioitu leikepöydälle

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 114 1864
regards the soul of a man as a portion of fire migrated from heaven. He carries his ideas of the transitory nature of all phenomena to their last consequences, and illustrates the noble doctrine that all which appears to us to be permanent is only a ...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 116 1892
Anaximander of Miletus, who was contemporary with Thales. He

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 116 1895
He taught that the earth is of a cylindrical form, its base being one-third of its altitude;

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 116 1902
Origin of biology, of the chaotic matter by heat and cold. Nay, more, Anaximander reatures on like principles, for the sun's heat, acting upon the primal miry earth. produced filmy bladders or bubbles, and these, becom...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 117 1916
assumes that the earth is cylindrical in shape, and kept in the midst of the heavens by the atmosphere; that the sun is farther off than the fixed stars; and that each of the heavenly bodies is made to revolve by means of a crystalline wheel.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 119 1951
Anaxagoras, asserted that by the Intellect alone do we become acquainted with the truth, the senses being altogether

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 121 1974
If it were not explicitly stated by the ancients that Pythagoras lived for twenty-two years in Egypt, there is sufficient internal evidence in his story to prove that he had been there a long time.

06 V. THE GREEK AGE OF FAITH. RISE AND DECLINE OF ETHICAL PHILOSOPHY.

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 153 2497
he turned his attention inward, asserting the supremacy of virtue and its identity with knowledge, and the necessity of an adherence to the strict principles of justice.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 154 2525
With truth Socrates said, at the close of his noble speech to the judges who had condemned him, "It is now time that we depart—I to die, you to live; but which has the better destiny is unknown to all except God." The future has resolved that doubt....

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 168 2749
Some of the more important doctrines of Plato are worthy of further reflection. I shall therefore detain the reader a short time to offer a few remarks upon them.

07 VI. THE GREEK AGE OF REASON. RISE OF SCIENCE.

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 180 2950

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 185 3027
In a fortunate moment, Philip, the King of Macedon, appointed him preceptor to his son Alexander, an incident of importance in the intellectual history of Europe. It was to the friendship arising through this relation that Aristotle owed the assistan...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 185 3031
Peripatetics, or walking philosophers.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 185 3031
Plato therefore trusts to the Imagination, Aristotle to Reason.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 186 3038
Plato regards universals, types, or exemplars as having an actual existence; Aristotle declares that they are mere abstractions of reasoning.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 186 3042
Our induction becomes the more certain as our facts are more numerous, our experience larger. "Art commences when, from a great number of experiences, one general conception is formed which will embrace all similar cases."

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 186 3051
The moment that

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 187 3064
But as soon as we come to the Physics of Aristotle we see at once his weakness. The knowledge of his age does not furnish him facts enough whereon to build, and

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 190 3118
his views of the connected chain of organic forms, from the lowest to the highest, are very grand. His metaphysical and physical speculations—for in reality they are nothing but speculations—are of no kind of value. His successful achievements, and a... He expounded the true principles of science, but failed to apply them merely for want of materials. His ambition could not brook restraint. He would rather attempt to construct the universe without the necessary means than not construct it at all. Ar... Reason of the world, "Live in harmony with Nature."

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 194 3177
As Reason is supreme in Nature, it ought to be so in man. Our

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 194 3181
Note Nature, in her operations, aims at the universal, and never spares individuals, but uses them as means for accomplishing her ends. It is for him, therefore, to submit to his destiny, endeavouring continually to establish the supremacy of Reason, and ...

08 THE GREEK AGE OF INTELLECTUAL DECREPITUDE. THE DEATH OF GREEK PHILOSOPHY.

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 226 3708
To breathe is to live; then the breath is the life. If we cease to breathe we die.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 226 3710

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 226 3710
When a rain-drop falls on the leaves of a distant forest, we cannot hear it, but the murmur of many drops composing a shower is audible enough.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 229 3755
Aristotle insists that, though we must rely on reason, Reason itself must submit to be guided by Experience; and Zeno, taking up the same thought, teaches us that we must appeal to the decisions of common sense.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 244 4008
pantheistic doctrines of the Nature of God, Universal Animation, the theory of Emanation, Transmutation, Absorption, Transmigration, etc., were adopted, on the other there was by no means an insignificant tendency to atheism and utter infidelity. Eve...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 245 4019

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 246 4028
the conclusion that human life, in its

09 VIII. DIGRESSION ON THE HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INFLUENCES OF ROME. PREPARATION FOR RESUMING THE EXAMINATION OF THE INTELLECTUAL PROGRESS OF EUROPE.

FileTop o BookTop

10 THE EUROPEAN AGE OF INQUIRY. THE PROGRESSIVE VARIATION OF OPINIONS CLOSED BY THE INSTITUTION OF COUNCILS AND THE CONCENTRATION OF POWER IN A PONTIFF. RISE. EARLY VARIATIONS, CONFLICTS, AND FINAL ESTABLISHMENT OF CHRISTIANITY.

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 274 4487
For my part, it is my intention to speak with veneration on this great topic, and yet with liberty, for freedom of thought and expression is to me the first of all earthly things.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 274 4490
emphatically distinguish between Christianity and ecclesiastical organizations.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 274 4497
Rome never considered man as an individual, but only as a thing. Her way to political greatness was pursued utterly regardless of human suffering.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 276 4529
But, as wealth accumulated, besides this inducement for the poor, there were temptations for the ambitious: luxurious appointments and a splendid maintenance, the ecclesiastical dignitaries becoming more than rivals to those of the state.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 277 4543
intellectual peculiarities of the East and West Eastern theology tends to Divinity, were visibly impressed upon it—the East filled with speculative doctrines, of which the most important were those brought forward by the Platonists of Alexandria, for...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 306 5018
But that they failed of their object in constituting a criterion of truth is plainly demonstrated by such simple facts as that, in the fourth century alone, there were thirteen councils adverse to Arius, fifteen in his favour, and seventeen for the s...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 307 5031
In the Eastern empire the Goths had become permanently settled, having laws of their own, a magistracy of their own, paying no taxes, but contributing 40,000 men to the army.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 307 5038
The city was eighteen miles in circumference, and contained above a million of people—of people, as in old times clamorous for distributions of bread, and wine, and oil.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 307 5042
Kopioitu leikepöydälle At midnight on the 24th of April, A.D. 410, eleven hundred and sixty-three years from the foundation of the city, the Salarian gate was opened to him by the treachery of slaves; there was no god to defend her in her dire extremity, and Rome was sacke...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 310 5092

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 310 5092
Cicero, to whom the good change was due; the writings of that great orator won him over to a love of wisdom, weaning him from the pleasures of the theatre, the follies of divination and superstition. From

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 311 5104
In his philosophical disquisitions on Time, Matter, Memory, this far-famed writer is, however, always unsatisfactory, often trivial. His doctrine that Scripture, as the word of God, is capable of a manifold meaning, led him into many delusions, and e... Rome rose from her ruins, the bishop was discerned to be her most conspicuous man. Most opportunely, at this period Jerome had completed his Latin translation of the Bible. The Vulgate henceforth became the ecclesiastical authority of the West. The i...

11 THE EUROPEAN AGE OF FAITH. AGE OF FAITH IN THE EAST.

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 320 5257
On the question of the antipodes, St. Augustine asserts that "it is impossible there should be inhabitants on the opposite side of the earth, since no such race is recorded by Scripture among the descendants of Adam." The

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 321 5276
repudiated the improvement of man's physical state; to increase his power or comfort was to attempt to attain what Providence denied; philosophical investigation was an unlawful prying into things that God had designed to conceal.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 323 5298

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 323 5298
The temples were turned into tombs for the adoration of the bones of the basest and most depraved of men, who had suffered the penalty of the law, and whom they made their gods." Such was the end of the Serapion. Its destruction stands forth a token ...

12 XI. PREMATURE END OF THE AGE OF FAITH IN THE EAST. THE THREE ATTACKS, VANDAL. PERSIAN. ARAB.

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 333 5471
They took Jerusalem by assault, and with it the cross of Christ; ninety thousand Christians were massacred; and in its very birthplace Christianity was displaced by Magianism.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 335 5506
Like many of the Christian monks, Mohammed retired to the solitude of the desert, and, devoting himself to meditation, fasting, and prayer.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 336 5513
"I," said his wife, "will be thy first believer," and they knelt down in

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 337 5536
The explanation of this political phenomenon is to be found in the social condition of the conquered countries. The influences of religion in them had long ago ceased; it had become supplanted by theology—a theology so incomprehensible that even the ...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 338 5541
ecclesiastical chiefs of Rome, Constantinople, and Alexandria were engaged in a

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 339 5558

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 339 5558
became customary for the first dignities of the state to be held by men distinguished for their erudition. Some of the maxims current show how much literature was esteemed. "The ink of the doctor is equally valuable with the blood of the martyr." "Pa... of Cyprus, the sum paid to the khalif was only half of what it had been to the emperor; and, indeed, the lower orders were never made to feel the bitterness of conquest; the

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 344 5649
Necessary disintegration of the Arabian system, consequence of the Arab system was subdivision and breaking up. The circumstances of its growth rendered it certain that a decomposition would take place in the political, and not, as was the case of th...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 346 5680
As years pass on, and human science becomes more exact and more comprehensive, its conclusions must be found in unison thermkith. When occasion arises, it should furnish us at least the foreshadowings of the great truths discovered by astronomy and g... infancy of man. It should tell us how suns and worlds are distributed in infinite space, and how, in their successions, they come forth in limitless time. It should say how far the dominion of God is carried out by law, and what is the point at which...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 347 5688

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 347 5690
Tried by such a standard, the Koran altogether fails. In its philosophy it is incomparably inferior to the writings of Chakia Mouni, the founder of Buddhism;

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 347 5701
Deity are altogether anthropomorphic. He is only a gigantic man living in a paradise. In this respect, though exceptional passages might be cited, the reader rises from a perusal of the 114 chapters of the Koran with a final impression that they have... find no difficulty in asserting that, "from the crown of the head to the breast God is hollow, and from the breast downward he is solid; that he has curled black hair, and roars like a lion at every watch of the night." The

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 348 5715
learned men who have held it in light esteem. Its most celebrated passages, as those on the nature of God, in Chapters II., XXIV., will bear no

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 349 5727
there is hardly a condition in which passages from the Koran cannot be recalled suitable for instruction, admonition, consolation, encouragement. To the Asiatic and to the African, such devotional fragments are of far more use than any sustained theo...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 351 5767
To these, some of the more merciful Mussulmans add the wives they have had upon earth; but the grimly orthodox assert that hell is already nearly filled with women. How can it be otherwise since they are not permitted to pray in a mosque upon earth?

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 352 5778

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 352 5778
The loss of Africa and Asia was, in like manner, connected with the Arabian movement, though it would have been easy to prevent that catastrophe, and to preserve those continents to the faith by the smallest of those innumerable miracles of which Chu... meditate than on this loss of Africa and Asia. It may remove from his mind many erroneous ideas, and lead him to take a more elevated, a more philosophical, and, therefore, more correct view of the course of earthly affairs. CHAPTER

13 XII. THE AGE OF FAITH IN THE WEST.

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 362 5941
"Ignorance is the mother of devotion,"

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 362 5943
He forbade the study of the classics, mutilated statues, and destroyed temples. He hated the very relics of classical genius; pursued with vindictive fanaticism the writings of Livy, against whom he was

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 370 6080
thus the Swedes,

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 373 6128
They reached the centre of France, but were beaten in the great battle of Tours by Franks, A.D. 732.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 375 6161
Pepin's brow, and anointed him, his

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 375 6161
The second Council of Nicea had authorized image-worship, but the good sense of Charlemagne was superior to such idolatry. He openly expressed his disapproval, and even dictated a work against it—the Carolinian books. The pope was therefore placed in a singular dilemma, for not only had image-worship been restored at Constantinople, and the original cause of th...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 377 6193
Kopioitu leikepöydälle profitable sale of bones and relics, said to be those of saints but in reality obtained from the catacombs of Rome, had arisen. To the barbarian people of the north these gloomy objects proved more acceptable than images of wood, and the traffic, tho...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 378 6208
Though he never succeeded in learning howto write, no one appreciated better than Charlemagne the value of knowledge. He laboured assiduously for the elevation and enlightenment of his people.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 378 6213
Saracens, and their expulsion, there is nothing more than the most meagre annals; the clergy understood much better the use of the sword than that of the pen. The schools of Charlemagne proved a failure, not through any fault of his.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 379 6217
The private life of Charlemagne was stained with great immoralities and crimes. He indulged in a polygamy scarcely inferior to that of the khalifs, solacing himself with not less than nine wives and many concubines.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 379 6226

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 381 6254
evil union of the Church and State, their rivalries, their intrigues, their quarrels, had produced an inevitable result, doing the same in the West that they had done in the East; disorganizing the political system. Social condition of Europe, and en...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 381 6258

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 381 6258
Whoever died without bequeathing a part of his property to the Church, died without confession and the sacraments, and forfeited Christian burial.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 387 6359
Human origin of the papacy. No one can study the development of the Italian ecclesiastical power without discovering how completely it depended on human agency, too often on human passion and intrigues; how completely wanting it was of any mark of the Divine construction and care—the offspring of man, not of God, and therefore bearing upon it the lineaments of human passions, human virtues, and human sins.

14 XIII. DIGRESSION ON THE PASSAGE OF THE ARABIANS TO THEIR AGE OF REASON. INFLUENCE OF MEDICAL IDEAS THROUGH THE NESTORIANS AND JEWS.

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 392 6433
Who was to succeed to Archimedes, Hipparchus, Euclid, Herophilus, Eratosthenes? who to Plato and Aristotle? The quackeries of mirade-cure, shrine-cure, relic-cure, were destined to eclipse the genius of Hippocrates, and nearly two thousand years to ...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 393 6459
We have, however, only to consider the course of our own lives to be satisfied to how limited an extent such is the case. We are, as we often say, the creatures of circumstances. In that expression there is a higher philosophy than might at first sig... Nestorians who, in connexion with the Jews, founded the medical They begin to cultivate medicine.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 397 6514
Under the auspices of these learned men the Arabian academies were furnished with translations of Greek authors, and vast libraries were collected in Asia.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 399 6555
He believed that the innate heat of the body varies with the period of life, being greatest in infancy and least in old age, and that hence morbific agents affect us with greater or less facility at different times. For this reason it is that the phy...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 404 6635
Dogmatists, who asserted that diseases can only be treated correctly by the aid of a knowledge of the structure and functions, the action of drugs, and the changes induced in the affected parts; they insisted, therefore, upon the

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 404 6638
Empirics, ridiculed such knowledge as fanciful or unattainable, and relied on experience alone. These subdivisions were not limited to sects; they may also be observed under the form of schools. Even Erasistratus himself, toward

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 405 6653

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 405 6653
Of the two great sects into which the Jewish nation had been divided, the Pharisees accepted the Assyrian doctrine; but the Sadducees, who denied the existence of any such spirit, boasted that theirs was the old Mosaic

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 413 6788
Marcus Graecus, whose date is probably to be referred to the close of the eighth century, gives the composition explicitly. He directs us to pulverize in a marble mortar one pound of sulphur, two of charcoal, and six of saltpetre. If some of this

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 414 6792
thus appears that firmkorks preceded fire-arms. To the same author we are indebted for prescriptions for making the skin incombustible, so that we may handle fire without being burnt. These, doubtless, were received as explanations of the legends of...

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 416 6827
earthquake, or they are the effect of water, which, cutting for itself a new route, has

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 417 6850
supernatural jugglery on the other; to show how the Arab system gained the

15 THE AGE OF FAITH IN THE WEST—(Continued). IMAGE-WORSHIP AND THE MONKS.

FileTop o BookTop

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 430 7068
nearer man can approach to a state of total inaction the more will he resemble God.

John William Draper: History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, 441 7244
The influence to which monasticism attained may be judged of from the boast of the Benedictines that "Pope John XXII., who died in 1334, after an exact inquiry, found that, since the first rise of the order, there had been of it 24 popes, near 200 ca... bishops, 15,000 abbots of renown, above 4000 saints, and upward of 37,000 monasteries. There have been likewise, of this order, 20 emperors and 10 empresses, 47 kings and above 50 queens, 20 sons of emperors, and 48 sons of kings; about 100 princesse...

38 Oliveira Martins:
Historia de Portugal


KindleLink: Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal
AjkReview: ajk

11 I
82 HISTORIA DE PORTUGAL
83 LIVRO PRIMEIRO Descrip^ao de Portugal
424 LIVRO SEGUNDO HISTORIA DA INDEPENDENCE
1155 LIVRO TERCEIRO A CONQUISTA DO MAR TENEBROSO
1556 LIVRO QUARTO A VIAGEM DA INDIA
221pages

1pages

1 TOMO I

1101 OBRAS COMPLETAS
4102 ADVERTENCIA
8pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 OBRAS COMPLETAS

FileTop o BookTop

02 ADVERTENCIA

FileTop o BookTop

2 HISTORIA DE PORTUGAL

8pages

FileTop o BookTop

3 LIVRO PRIMEIRO Descrip^ao de Portugal

8301 Os lusitanos
12302 Fundamentos da nacionalidade
23303 Geographia portugueza
29304 A terra e o homem
39305 A historia nacional
42pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 Os lusitanos

FileTop o BookTop

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 10 157

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 11 184
Tragica e ardente sempre, a historia hespanhola differe da portugueza que é mais propriamente epica; e as differenças da historia traduzem as dessimilhanças do caracter.

02 Fundamentos da nacionalidade

FileTop o BookTop

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 14 226
nações politicamente unificadas desde largos séculos: taes são o paiz basco, a Galliza e o Aragão, na Hespanha: a Irlanda e a Escócia, de raça celtica, na Inglaterra; a Provença, ou a Bretanha, em França: e. Russia, a Finlandia que é scandinava, ou as províncias balticas que são germanicas. [9] Finlandia que

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 14 238
uma continuação natural da zona geographica portugueza, podia muito melhor formar com Portugal uma nação, do que Portugal com Castella».

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 15 248
É conhecido o papel {pg. 12} da politica no sentido do unificar as linguas do uma nação; abundam os exemplos de linguas substituídas, e nem sempre a lingua denuncia a stirpe Os normandos perderam em França o seu idioma scandinavo, os burgundios o os lombardos, na França e na Italia, os seus idiomas germânicos; á maneira dos oseos e umbrios [13] que tinham trocado pelo latim as suas linguas. Não se pretenda

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 16 262
Não se acham por esse mundo homens de uma mesma raça falando idiomas diversos, e populações de um mesmo idioma, pertencendo a raças differentes? [15]

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 18 296

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 18 296
É verdade que a nossa independencia restaura-se em 1640.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 18 307
perda do Brazil, reduzindo o reino á miséria, veiu mostrar a fragilidade do nosso edifício politico.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 19 326
7 condição do territorio do moderno Portugal na segunda metade do XI seculo.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 21 357
Será porventura a raça que delimita as fronteiras da nova nação? Ocioso é já responder. Será a geographia? Não parece; desde que vêmos a raia cortar de lado a lado as planícies do Alemtejo, as bacias do Tejo e do Douro, e cair perpendicularmente sobr...

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 21 360
O equilíbrio. O equilíbrio é com effeito o elemento ponderador:

03 Geographia portugueza

FileTop o BookTop

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 24 410
Erguido em frente do mar como um amphitheatro cujos primeiros degraus as ondas constantemente aspergem, o territorio portuguez, independente, adquiriu d’esta localisação um caracter seu: ao mesmo tempo que nos habitantes de Portugal acaso uma diversa...

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 24 416
conquistadores, desvendámos todos os segredos dos Oceanos; mas o nosso império no Oriente foi um desastre, para o Oriente e para nós.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 25 426
Portugal é um amphitheatro levantado em frente do Atlântico que é uma arena. A vastidào do circo desafia e provoca tentações nos espectadores, arrastando*os afinal á laboriosa empreza das navegações, que era para elles um destino desde que a política...

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 28 483
Pequenas são as nodoas schistosas na área circumscripta: S. João-da-Pesqueira e Villa-nova-da-Foscoa,

04 A terra e o homem

FileTop o BookTop

05 A historia nacional

FileTop o BookTop

4 LIVRO SEGUNDO HISTORIA DA INDEPENDENCE

43401 A separação de Portugal
58402 Affonso Henriques era, como se sabe, mestre na arte de reinar.
60403 A conquista do Al-Gharb
74404 A monarchia e a justiça
92405 A crise
115pages

FileTop o BookTop

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 42 732
(DYNASTIA DE BORGONHA: 1109-1385)

01 A separação de Portugal

FileTop o BookTop

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 48 833
Beijos lascivos, perfidias indignas e barbaridades ferinas, eis os elementos que constituíam a mulher da Meia-Edade.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 53 911
Não tinha a nobreza do leão, nem a astúcia ferina do tigre: possuía apenas a tenacidade brava e bronca do javali.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 55 952
0 papado exercia então na Europa uma especie de suzerania espiritual sobre os príncipes christãos; porque no meio d'esses guerreiros.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 56 978
Havia um soberano, rei dos reis: o papa.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 56 980

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 57 990
o papa cuidadosamente evita chamar-lhe rei, e reino a Portugal.

02 Affonso Henriques era, como se sabe, mestre na arte de reinar.

FileTop o BookTop

03 A conquista do Al-Gharb

FileTop o BookTop

04 A monarchia e a justiça

FileTop o BookTop

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 75 1313
doidos.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 76 1324
avd

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 84 1465
Entretanto o de Coimbra encerrava os templos e negava os serviços religiosos aos fieis: era esse um dos meios ordinários de combate. Sancho I vae a Coimbra, faz de bispo, obriga os padres, á força, a celebrarem os officios divinos, mandando arrancar...

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 86 1500
O povo costumou-se a dizer: «El-rei D. Diniz fez tudo o que quiz.»

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 86 1502
«Nenhumas bulias, nem lettras pontifícias serão publicadas em Portugal sem consentimento meu.»

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 86 1503
105 enthusiasmo por um povo que o adorava, era a voz indomável da nação que falava por sua bocca.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 91 1594
D. Diniz lavrou o primeiro tratado mercantil com a Inglaterra (1308).

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 92 1601
ensino—o corpo da nação portugueza, até ahi acephalo, achava em Lisboa a (pg. 127} capital.

05 A crise

FileTop o BookTop

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 99 1734
desde as hervas até aos telhados.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 102 1780
diante do leito.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 105 1845
Arreal, arreal, por Portugal! Esse era effectivamente o grito da nação: por Portugal!

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 105 1846

5 LIVRO TERCEIRO A CONQUISTA DO MAR TENEBROSO

115501 O Infante D. Henrique
127502 Portugal em Africa
132503 principe perfeito
145504 Em demanda do Preste-Joham das Indias
155pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 O Infante D. Henrique

FileTop o BookTop

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 117 2045
Maps as attachments would be helpful with links to and fro Mediterraneo. Tinha,

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 120 2095
os mappas de Valseca, as narrativas {pg. 170} e roteiros dos pilotos, as rudes cartas marítimas,

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 120 2100
Essa paixão naturalista da Renascença nos seus primeiros tempos, essa tenaz curiosidade scientifica, differia essencialmente do mysticismo religioso da Edade-média, eivado de phantasias kabbalisticas, e da ingenuidade das mythogenias primitivas. O ho...

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 121 2128
Mas desde o meiado do XII seculo o exame das armadas de Cruzados, com cujo auxilio Lisboa e depois Alcácer foram tomadas, tinha vindo accrescentar os conhecimentos:

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 123 2150
D. Fernando, o amavioso e infeliz rei, merece n'esta historia uma menção condigna. Apesar das chimeras da sua politica tornarem em derrotas as suas emprezas, a sabedoria e o alcance economico da sua legislação dão-lhe o direito de preeminencia na his... naval dos portuguezes. Já então a alfandega de Lisboa rendia, por anno, de 35 a 40 mil dobras: [69]

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 123 2161
Era uma Veneza que se formava para succeder á antiga; e, como nas cidades republicanas da Italia, tambem o commercio era privilegio dos mercadores, prohibido aos nobres e clérigos, sendo vedado aos estrangeiros negociar fóra do porto-franco de Lisboa...

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 123 2165
Creou bolsas de seguros marítimos.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 124 2173

02 Portugal em Africa

FileTop o BookTop

03 principe perfeito

FileTop o BookTop

04 Em demanda do Preste-Joham das Indias

FileTop o BookTop

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 153 2683
Logo que Vasco da Gama chegou, decidiu-se, pois, enviar uma grande armada á India; porque agora, sabido o caminho, não havia mais receios, nem motivos, para reduzir o numero, nem a lotação dos navios. Pedro Alvares Cabral fôra nomeado

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 154 2707
O almirante acaso pensava, já no Tejo, n'esse rumo de Oeste, o de Colombo, que o levaria á America; e porventura acreditava pouco na existencia do lendário Preste-Joham, por cuja causa tantas viagens se tinham feito.

6 LIVRO QUARTO A VIAGEM DA INDIA

156601 D. Francisco d'Almeida
174602 Affonso de Albuquerque
206603 Summario da derrota. Volta ao reino
221604 DO TOMO PRIMEIRO
221605 INDICE DO TOMO PRIMEIRO
221pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 D. Francisco d'Almeida

FileTop o BookTop

02 Affonso de Albuquerque

FileTop o BookTop

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 175 3071
Os arabes defenderam a sua ilha em vão; e Cunha matou-os todos, sem ficar um só, e construiu a fortaleza, deixando-a guarnecida. Feito isto, dirigiu-se á India, destacando Albuquerque (impaciente quasi até á rebeldia, durante a delonga da construcção... Tristão da Cunha desappareceram,

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 176 3089
grandes serranias de pedra viva, e no mar alguns zambucos e náus

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 179 3148
Começou a varejar em torno o estendal de barcos, reduzindo-os a uma massa de destroços, de naufragios e cadaveres que era horroroso de vêr. Estava como um lobo no meio de um rebanho de ovelhas. Não era uma batalha, era uma carnagem. Os fugidos nadava...

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 183 3217
Ceylão, a terra encantada das pedras preciosas, delicias do mundo, patria da canella e das pérolas, achamol-o, já em maio, em frente de Malaka, no extremo Oriente.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 184 3232
n'um galope até Meka, logar santo mal guardado por gente prostrada em adorações. Roubaria o thesouro sagrado e o proprio corpo do propheta: com ambos se resgataria o Santo-Sepulcro de Jerusalem, captivo.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 186 3263
Era estribeiro-mór de D.João II {pg. 267} e já um grande fidalgo quando, em 1503, D. Manuel o mandou á India pela primeira vez.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 186 3273
Hormuz, Goa, Malaka, os tres pontos cardeaes do império fundado por Albuquerque no breve periodo de cinco annos (1507-11), valiam o dominio em todo o mar das Indias e a vassallagem de todas as costas.

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 188 3298
Hormuz, a meu vêr, é a principal de todas. E se el-rey de Portugal tivera senhoreado

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 188 3312

Oliveira Martins: Historia de Portugal, 190 3343
Os fumos da India (como Albuquerque dizia) embriagavam os pobres portuguezes, limitados na {pg. 274} Europa á porção côngrua do bragal e do aço, sujeitos a uma forçada sobriedade e a costumes mais presos. Na índia o fumo desenfreava o animal, que se ...

03 Summario da derrota. Volta ao reino

FileTop o BookTop

04 DO TOMO PRIMEIRO

FileTop o BookTop

05 INDICE DO TOMO PRIMEIRO

FileTop o BookTop

39 Adam Smith:
The Theory of Moral Sentiments (Illustrated)


KindleLink: Adam Smith: The Theory of Moral Sentiments (Illustrated)
AjkReview: ajk

11 Section I: Of the Sense of Propriety
962
1733
1904 VI: Of the Character of Virtue
2415 Section I: Of the Questions which ought to be examined in a Theory of Moral Sentiments
314pages

1001 CONTENTS
1pages

01 CONTENTS

FileTop o BookTop

Adam Smith: The Theory of Moral Sentiments (Illustrated), 1 4

1 Section I: Of the Sense of Propriety

1101 Chap. I: Of Sympathy
19102 Introduction
35103 Chap. I: That though our sympathy with sorrow is generally a more lively sensation than our sympathy with joy, it commonly falls much more short of the violence of what is naturally felt by the person principally concerned
55104
65105 Chap. I: Comparison of those two virtues
78106 Section III: Of the Influence of Fortune upon the Sentiments of Mankind, with regard to the Merit or Demerit of Actions
96pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 Chap. I: Of Sympathy


0101
0102 Chap. IV: The same subject continued
0103 Chap. V: Of the amiable and respectable virtues
0104 Section II: Of the Degrees of the different Passions which are consistent with Propriety

FileTop o BookTop

0101

0102 Chap. IV: The same subject continued

0103 Chap. V: Of the amiable and respectable virtues

0104 Section II: Of the Degrees of the different Passions which are consistent with Propriety

02 Introduction


0201 . I: Of the Passions which take their origin from the body hd3:Chap. II: Of those Passions which take their origin from a particular turn or habit of the Imagination
0202 Chap. Ill: Of the unsocial Passions
0203 1 Kopioitu leikepöydälle I Chap. IV: Of the social Passions
0204 Chap. V: Of the selfish Passions
0205 Section III: Of the Effects of Prosperity and Adversity upon the Judgment of Mankind with regard to the Propriety of Action; and why it is more easy to obtain their Aprobation in the one state than in the other

FileTop o BookTop

0201 . I: Of the Passions which take their origin from the body hd3:Chap. II: Of those Passions which take their origin from a particular turn or habit of the Imagination

0202 Chap. Ill: Of the unsocial Passions

0203 1 Kopioitu leikepöydälle I Chap. IV: Of the social Passions

0204 Chap. V: Of the selfish Passions

0205 Section III: Of the Effects of Prosperity and Adversity upon the Judgment of Mankind with regard to the Propriety of Action; and why it is more easy to obtain their Aprobation in the one state than in the other

03 Chap. I: That though our sympathy with sorrow is generally a more lively sensation than our sympathy with joy, it commonly falls much more short of the violence of what is naturally felt by the person principally concerned


0301 Chap. II: Of the origin of Ambition, and of the distinction of Ranks Kopioitu leikepöydälle
0302 Chap. III: Of the corruption of our moral sentiments, which is occasioned by this disposition to admire the rich and the great, and to despise or neglect persons of poor and mean condition
0303 Of the Sense of Merit and Demerit

FileTop o BookTop

0301 Chap. II: Of the origin of Ambition, and of the distinction of Ranks Kopioitu leikepöydälle

0302 Chap. III: Of the corruption of our moral sentiments, which is occasioned by this disposition to admire the rich and the great, and to despise or neglect persons of poor and mean condition

0303 Of the Sense of Merit and Demerit

04


0401 Introduction Chap. I: That whatever appears to be the proper object of gratitude, appears to deserve rmkard; and that, in the same manner, whatever appears to be the proper object of resentment appears to deserve punishment
0402
0403 Chap. Ill: That where there is no approbation of the conduct of the person who confers the benefit, there is little sympathy with the gratitude of him who receives it: and that, on the contrary, where there is no disapprobation of the motives of the ...
0404 Chap. IV: Recapitulation of the foregoing chapters
0405 Chap. V: The analysis of the sense of Merit and Demerit
0406 Section II: Of Justice and Beneficence

FileTop o BookTop

0401 Introduction Chap. I: That whatever appears to be the proper object of gratitude, appears to deserve rmkard; and that, in the same manner, whatever appears to be the proper object of resentment appears to deserve punishment

0402

0403 Chap. Ill: That where there is no approbation of the conduct of the person who confers the benefit, there is little sympathy with the gratitude of him who receives it: and that, on the contrary, where there is no disapprobation of the motives of the ...

0404 Chap. IV: Recapitulation of the foregoing chapters

0405 Chap. V: The analysis of the sense of Merit and Demerit

0406 Section II: Of Justice and Beneficence

05 Chap. I: Comparison of those two virtues


0501 Chap. II: Of the sense of Justice, of Remorse, and of the consciousness of Merit
0502 Chap. Ill: Of the utility of this constitution of Nature
0503

FileTop o BookTop

0501 Chap. II: Of the sense of Justice, of Remorse, and of the consciousness of Merit

0502 Chap. Ill: Of the utility of this constitution of Nature

0503

06 Section III: Of the Influence of Fortune upon the Sentiments of Mankind, with regard to the Merit or Demerit of Actions


0601 Chap. I Of the Causes of this Influence of Fortune
0602 Chap. II Of the extent of this Influence of Fortune
0603 Chap. Ill Of the final cause of this Irregularity of Sentiments
0604 obation and of Self-disapprobation Location 1849 - hd3:Chap. II: Of the love of Praise, and of that of Praise-worthiness; and of the dread of Blame, and of that of Blame-worthiness
0605 Chap. Ill: Of the Influences and Authority of Conscience Kopioitu leikepöydälle
0606 Chap. IV: Of the Nature of Self-deceit, and of the Origin and Use of general Rules
0607
0608
0609
0610 Chap. I: Of the beauty which the appearance of Utility bestows upon all the productions of art, and of the extensive influence of this species of Beauty Chap. II: Of the beauty which the appearance of Utility bestows upon the characters and actions of men; and how far the perception of this beauty may be regarded as one of the original principles of approbation
0611
0612 Chap. I: Of the Influence of Custom and Fashion upon our Notions of Beauty and Deformity
0613 Chap. II: Of the Influence of Custom and Fashion upon Moral Sentiments

FileTop o BookTop

0601 Chap. I Of the Causes of this Influence of Fortune

0602 Chap. II Of the extent of this Influence of Fortune

0603 Chap. Ill Of the final cause of this Irregularity of Sentiments

2

173pages

FileTop o BookTop

0001 obation and of Self-disapprobation Location 1849 - hd3:Chap. II: Of the love of Praise, and of that of Praise-worthiness; and of the dread of Blame, and of that of Blame-worthiness

0002 Chap. Ill: Of the Influences and Authority of Conscience Kopioitu leikepöydälle

0003 Chap. IV: Of the Nature of Self-deceit, and of the Origin and Use of general Rules

0004

0005

0006

0007 Chap. I: Of the beauty which the appearance of Utility bestows upon all the productions of art, and of the extensive influence of this species of Beauty Chap. II: Of the beauty which the appearance of Utility bestows upon the characters and actions of men; and how far the perception of this beauty may be regarded as one of the original principles of approbation

0008

3

190pages

FileTop o BookTop

0001 Chap. I: Of the Influence of Custom and Fashion upon our Notions of Beauty and Deformity

0002 Chap. II: Of the Influence of Custom and Fashion upon Moral Sentiments

4 Part VI: Of the Character of Virtue

190401 Section II: Of the Character of the Individual, so far as it can affect the Happiness of other People[
195402 Chap. I: Of the Order in which Individuals are recommended by Nature to our care and attention[ edit]
196403 Chap. II: Of the order in which Societies are by nature recommended to our Beneficence
215404 Section III: Of Self-command
241pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 Section II: Of the Character of the Individual, so far as it can affect the Happiness of other People[

FileTop o BookTop

02 Chap. I: Of the Order in which Individuals are recommended by Nature to our care and attention[ edit]

FileTop o BookTop

03 Chap. II: Of the order in which Societies are by nature recommended to our Beneficence


0301 Chap. Ill: Of universal Benevolence Kopioitu leikepöydälle
0302

FileTop o BookTop

0301 Chap. Ill: Of universal Benevolence Kopioitu leikepöydälle

0302

04 Section III: Of Self-command


0401 Conclusion of the Sixth Part Part VII: Of Systems of Moral Philosophy Consisting of Four Section

FileTop o BookTop

0401 Conclusion of the Sixth Part Part VII: Of Systems of Moral Philosophy Consisting of Four Section

5 Section I: Of the Questions which ought to be examined in a Theory of Moral Sentiments

241501
242502
287503
314pages

FileTop o BookTop

01


0101 Introduction

FileTop o BookTop

0101 Introduction

02


0201
0202
0203 Chap. II: Of those Systems which make Virtue consist in Prudence
0204 Chap. Ill: Of those Systems which make Virtue consist in Benevolence Chap. IV: Of licentious Systems
0205 Section III: Of the different Systems which have been formed concerning the Principle of Approbation

FileTop o BookTop

0201

0202

0203 Chap. II: Of those Systems which make Virtue consist in Prudence

0204 Chap. Ill: Of those Systems which make Virtue consist in Benevolence Chap. IV: Of licentious Systems

0205 Section III: Of the different Systems which have been formed concerning the Principle of Approbation

03


0301 Chap. II: Of those Systems which make Reason the Principle of Approbation
0302
0303 Section IV: Of the Manner in which different Authors have treated of the practical Rules of Morality
0304 Kopioitu leikepöydälle
0305
0306 Section IV: Of the Manner in which different Authors have treated of the practical Rules of Morality

FileTop o BookTop

0301 Chap. II: Of those Systems which make Reason the Principle of Approbation

0302

0303 Section IV: Of the Manner in which different Authors have treated of the practical Rules of Morality

0304 Kopioitu leikepöydälle

0305

0306 Section IV: Of the Manner in which different Authors have treated of the practical Rules of Morality

40 Voltaire:
Les Contes Philosophiques


KindleLink: Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques
AjkReview: ajk

11 CROCHETEUR BORGNE
12 COSI-SANCTA, UN PETIT MAL POUR UN GRAND BIEN NOUVELLE AFRICAINE
13 ZADIG OU LA DESTINÉE
14 Bon Bramin
15 BLANC ET LE NOIR
16 JEANNOT ET COLIN
17 L'INGÉNU
18
19 Voltaire: La princesse de Babylone
110 Voltaire: Les lettres d'Amabed
111 L’HOMME AUX QUARANTE ECUS
621pages

1001 AVERTISSEMENT DE MOLAND
1002 MONDE COMME IL VA, VISION DE BABOUC
1003 Table des matières.
1004 I.
1005 II.
1006 III.
1007 IV.
1008 V.
1009 VI.
1010 VII.
1011 vrn.
1012 IX.
1013 X.
1014 XI.
1015 XII.
1pages

01 AVERTISSEMENT DE MOLAND

FileTop o BookTop

02 MONDE COMME IL VA, VISION DE BABOUC

FileTop o BookTop

03 Table des matières.

FileTop o BookTop

04 I.

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 208
« Par tous les dieux, dit le soldat, je n'en sais rien ; ce n'est pas mon affaire ; mon métier est de tuer et d'être tué pour gagner ma vie ; il n'importe qui je serve.

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 211
Si vous voulez savoir pourquoi on se bat, parlez à mon capitaine. »

05 II.

FileTop o BookTop

06 III.

FileTop o BookTop

07 IV.

FileTop o BookTop

08 V.

FileTop o BookTop

09 VI.

FileTop o BookTop

10 VII.

FileTop o BookTop

11 vrn.

FileTop o BookTop

12 IX.

FileTop o BookTop

13 X.

FileTop o BookTop

14 XI.

FileTop o BookTop

15 XII.

FileTop o BookTop

1 LE CROCHETEUR BORGNE

1pages

FileTop o BookTop

2 COSI-SANCTA, UN PETIT MAL POUR UN GRAND BIEN NOUVELLE AFRICAINE

1pages

FileTop o BookTop

3 ,3 ZADIG OU LA DESTINÉE

1301 Table des matières.
1302 Épître dédicatoire de Zadig à la Sultane Sheraa, par Sadi.
1303 CHAP. I. - Le borgne.
1304 CHAP. II. - Le nez[2) mal de rate > rate nom féminin 1. Femelle du rat. 2. Organe situé dans l'hvpocondre gauche et qui joue un rôle important dans la production des éléments du sang. • expression
1305 CHAP. III. - Le chien et le cheval
1306 CHAP. IV. - L'Envieux.
1307 CHAP. V. - Les généreux.
1308 CHAP. VI. - Le ministre.
1309 CHAP. VII. - Les disputes et les audiences.
1310 CHAP. VIII.-La jalousie.
1311 CHAP. IX. - La femme battue.
1312 CHAP. X. - L'esclavage.
1313 CHAP. XI. - Le bûcher.
1314 CHAP. XII. - Le souper.
1315 CHAP. XIII. - Le rendez-vous.
1316 CHAP. XIV. - La danse.
1317 CHAP. XV. - Les yeux bleus.
1318 CHAP. XVI. - Le brigand.
1319 CHAP. XVII. - Le pécheur.
1320 CHAP. XVIII. - Le basilic.
1321 CHAP. XIX. - Les combats.
1322 CHAP. XX. - L'ermite[11] bière gâtée.
1323 CHAP. XXI. - Les énigmes.
1324 CHAP. I. — Voyage d'un habitant du monde de l'étoile Sirius dans la planète Saturne Kopioitu leikepöydälle
1325 CHAP. II. — Conversation de l'habitant de Sirius avec celui de Saturne
1326 CHAP. III. — Voyage des deux habitants de Sirius et de Saturne
1327 CHAP. IV. — Ce qui leur arrive sur le globe de la terre
1328 CHAP. V. — Expériences et raisonnements des deux voyageurs
1329 CHAP. VI. — Ce qui leur arriva avec des hommes
1330 CHAP. VII. — Conversation avec les hommes
1331 DEUX CONSOLÉS
1332 HISTOIRE DES VOYAGES DE SCARMENTADO
1333 CHAP. I. — Comment Candide fut élevé dans un beau château, et comment il fut chassé d’icelui.
1334 CHAP. II. — Ce que devint Candide parmi les Bulgares.
1335 CHAP. III. — Comment Candide se sauva d’entre les Bulgares, et ce qu’il devint.
1336 CHAP. IV. — Comment Candide rencontra son ancien maître de philosophie, le docteur Pangloss, et ce qui en advint.
1337 CHAP. V. — Tempête, nau- frage, tremblement de terre, et ce qui advint du Docteur Pangloss, de Candide et de l’Anabaptiste Jacques.
1338 CHAP. VI. — Comment on fit un bel auto-da-fé pour empê- cher les tremblements de terre, et comment Candide fut fessé.
1339 CHAP. VII. — Comment une vieille prit soin de Candide, et comment il retrouva celle qu’il aimait.
1340 CHAP. VIII. — Histoire de Cunégonde.
1341 CHAP. IX. — Ce qu’il advint de Cunégonde, de Candide, du grand inquisiteur et d’un juif.
1342 CHAP. X. — Dans quelle détresse Candide, Cunégonde et la vieille arrivent à Cadix, et de leur embarquement.
1343 CHAP. XI. — Histoire de la vieille.
1344 CHAP. XII. — Suite des malheurs de la vieille.
1345 CHAP. XIII. — Comment Candide fut obligé de se séparer de la belle Cunégonde et de la vieille.
1346 CHAP. XIV. — Comment Candide et Cacambo furent reçus chez les jésuites du Paraguay.
1347 CHAP. XV. — Comment Candide tua le frère de sa chère Cunégonde.
1348 CHAP. XVI. — Ce qu’il advint aux deux voyageurs avec deux filles, deux singes et les sauva- ges nommés Oreillons.
1349 CHAP. XVII. — Arrivée de Candide et de son valet au pays d’Eldorado, et ce qu’ils y virent.
1350 CHAP. XVIII. — Ce qu’ils virent dans le pays d’Eldorado.
1351 CHAP. XIX. — Ce qui leur arriva à Surinam, et comment Candide fit connaissance avec Martin.
1352 CHAP. XX. — Ce qui arriva sur mer à Candide et à Martin
1353 CHAP. XXI. — Candide et Martin approchent des côtes de France et raisonnent.
1354 CHAP. XXII. — Ce qui arriva en France à Candide et à Martin.
1355 CHAP. XXIII. — Candide et Martin vont sur les côtes d’Angleterre ; ce qu’ils y voient.
1356 CHAP. XXIV. — De Paquette et de Frère Giroflée.
1357 CHAP. XXV. — Visite chez le Seigneur Pococurante, noble vénitien.
1358 CHAP. XXVI. — D’un souper que Candide et Martin firent avec six étrangers, et qui ils étaient.
1359 CHAP. XXVII. — Voyage de Candide à Constantinople.
1360 CHAP. XXVIII. — Ce qui arriva à Candide, à Cunégonde, à Pangloss, à Martin, etc....
1361 CHAP. XXIX. - Comment Candide retrouva Cunégonde et la vieille.
1362 CHAP. XXX. — Conclusion
1pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 Table des matières.

FileTop o BookTop

02 Épître dédicatoire de Zadig à la Sultane Sheraa, par Sadi.

FileTop o BookTop

03 CHAP. I. - Le borgne.

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 778
dans le premier livre de Zoroastre, que l'amour-propre est un ballon gonflé de vent, dont il sort des tempêtes quand on lui a fait une piqûre.

04 CHAP. II. - Le nez[2) mal de rate > rate nom féminin 1. Femelle du rat. 2. Organe situé dans l'hvpocondre gauche et qui joue un rôle important dans la production des éléments du sang. • expression

FileTop o BookTop

05 CHAP. III. - Le chien et le cheval

FileTop o BookTop

06 CHAP. IV. - L'Envieux.

FileTop o BookTop

07 CHAP. V. - Les généreux.

FileTop o BookTop

08 CHAP. VI. - Le ministre.

FileTop o BookTop

09 CHAP. VII. - Les disputes et les audiences.

FileTop o BookTop

10 CHAP. VIII.-La jalousie.

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 1163
tromper tous les yeux: une passion naissante et combattue éclate ; un amour satisfait sait se cacher. »

11 CHAP. IX. - La femme battue.

FileTop o BookTop

12 CHAP. X. - L'esclavage.

FileTop o BookTop

13 CHAP. XI. - Le bûcher.

FileTop o BookTop

14 CHAP. XII. - Le souper.

FileTop o BookTop

15 CHAP. XIII. - Le rendez-vous.

FileTop o BookTop

16 CHAP. XIV. - La danse.

FileTop o BookTop

17 CHAP. XV. - Les yeux bleus.

FileTop o BookTop

18 CHAP. XVI. - Le brigand.

FileTop o BookTop

19 CHAP. XVII. - Le pécheur.

FileTop o BookTop

20 CHAP. XVIII. - Le basilic.

FileTop o BookTop

21 CHAP. XIX. - Les combats.

FileTop o BookTop

22 CHAP. XX. - L'ermite[11] bière gâtée.

FileTop o BookTop

23 CHAP. XXI. - Les énigmes.

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 2203
Table des matières. CHAP. I. Voyage d'un habitant du monde de l'étoile Sirius dans la planète Saturne. CHAP. II. Conversation de l'habitant de Sinus avec celui de Saturne. CHAP. III. Voyage des deux habitants de Sinus et de Saturne. CHAP. IV. Ce qui leur arrive sur le globe de la terre. CHAP. V. Expériences et raisonnements des deux voyageurs. CHAP. VI. Ce qui leur arriva avec des hommes. CHAP. VII. Conversation avec les hommes.

24 CHAP. I. — Voyage d'un habitant du monde de l'étoile Sirius dans la planète Saturne Kopioitu leikepöydälle

FileTop o BookTop

25 CHAP. II. — Conversation de l'habitant de Sirius avec celui de Saturne

FileTop o BookTop

26 CHAP. III. — Voyage des deux habitants de Sirius et de Saturne

FileTop o BookTop

27 CHAP. IV. — Ce qui leur arrive sur le globe de la terre

FileTop o BookTop

28 CHAP. V. — Expériences et raisonnements des deux voyageurs

FileTop o BookTop

29 CHAP. VI. — Ce qui leur arriva avec des hommes

FileTop o BookTop

30 CHAP. VII. — Conversation avec les hommes

FileTop o BookTop

31 DEUX CONSOLÉS

FileTop o BookTop

32 HISTOIRE DES VOYAGES DE SCARMENTADO

FileTop o BookTop

33 CHAP. I. — Comment Candide fut élevé dans un beau château, et comment il fut chassé d’icelui.

FileTop o BookTop

34 CHAP. II. — Ce que devint Candide parmi les Bulgares.

FileTop o BookTop

35 CHAP. III. — Comment Candide se sauva d’entre les Bulgares, et ce qu’il devint.

FileTop o BookTop

36 CHAP. IV. — Comment Candide rencontra son ancien maître de philosophie, le docteur Pangloss, et ce qui en advint.

FileTop o BookTop

37 CHAP. V. — Tempête, nau- frage, tremblement de terre, et ce qui advint du Docteur Pangloss, de Candide et de l’Anabaptiste Jacques.

FileTop o BookTop

38 CHAP. VI. — Comment on fit un bel auto-da-fé pour empê- cher les tremblements de terre, et comment Candide fut fessé.

FileTop o BookTop

39 CHAP. VII. — Comment une vieille prit soin de Candide, et comment il retrouva celle qu’il aimait.

FileTop o BookTop

40 CHAP. VIII. — Histoire de Cunégonde.

FileTop o BookTop

41 CHAP. IX. — Ce qu’il advint de Cunégonde, de Candide, du grand inquisiteur et d’un juif.

FileTop o BookTop

42 CHAP. X. — Dans quelle détresse Candide, Cunégonde et la vieille arrivent à Cadix, et de leur embarquement.

FileTop o BookTop

43 CHAP. XI. — Histoire de la vieille.

FileTop o BookTop

44 CHAP. XII. — Suite des malheurs de la vieille.

FileTop o BookTop

45 CHAP. XIII. — Comment Candide fut obligé de se séparer de la belle Cunégonde et de la vieille.

FileTop o BookTop

46 CHAP. XIV. — Comment Candide et Cacambo furent reçus chez les jésuites du Paraguay.

FileTop o BookTop

47 CHAP. XV. — Comment Candide tua le frère de sa chère Cunégonde.

FileTop o BookTop

48 CHAP. XVI. — Ce qu’il advint aux deux voyageurs avec deux filles, deux singes et les sauva- ges nommés Oreillons.

FileTop o BookTop

49 CHAP. XVII. — Arrivée de Candide et de son valet au pays d’Eldorado, et ce qu’ils y virent.

FileTop o BookTop

50 CHAP. XVIII. — Ce qu’ils virent dans le pays d’Eldorado.

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 3616
il voulut savoir comment on priait Dieu dans l'Eldorado. « Nous ne le prions point, dit le bon et resf remercions sans cesse. »

51 CHAP. XIX. — Ce qui leur arriva à Surinam, et comment Candide fit connaissance avec Martin.

FileTop o BookTop

52 CHAP. XX. — Ce qui arriva sur mer à Candide et à Martin

FileTop o BookTop

53 CHAP. XXI. — Candide et Martin approchent des côtes de France et raisonnent.

FileTop o BookTop

54 CHAP. XXII. — Ce qui arriva en France à Candide et à Martin.

FileTop o BookTop

55 CHAP. XXIII. — Candide et Martin vont sur les côtes d’Angleterre ; ce qu’ils y voient.

FileTop o BookTop

56 CHAP. XXIV. — De Paquette et de Frère Giroflée.

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 4107
Il est vrai que j'ai prêché quelques mauvais sermons qui m'ont valu un peu d'argent, dont le prieur me vole la moitié: le reste me sert à entretenir des filles ; mais, quand je rentre le soir dans le monastère, je suis prêt de me casser la tête contr...

57 CHAP. XXV. — Visite chez le Seigneur Pococurante, noble vénitien.

FileTop o BookTop

58 CHAP. XXVI. — D’un souper que Candide et Martin firent avec six étrangers, et qui ils étaient.

FileTop o BookTop

59 CHAP. XXVII. — Voyage de Candide à Constantinople.

FileTop o BookTop

60 CHAP. XXVIII. — Ce qui arriva à Candide, à Cunégonde, à Pangloss, à Martin, etc....

FileTop o BookTop

61 CHAP. XXIX. - Comment Candide retrouva Cunégonde et la vieille.

FileTop o BookTop

62 CHAP. XXX. — Conclusion

FileTop o BookTop

4 Le Bon Bramin

1pages

FileTop o BookTop

5 LE BLANC ET LE NOIR

1pages

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 4773
« N'est-il pas vrai que vous pouvez lire, en une heure, l'abrégé de l'histoire des Perses, écrite par Zoroastre ? Cependant cet abrégé contient huit cent mille années. Tous ces événements passent sous vos yeux, l'un après l'antre, en une heure.

6 JEANNOT ET COLIN

1pages

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 4854
mais de toutes les sciences la plus absurde, à mon avis et celle qui est la plus capable d'étouffer toute espèce de génie, c'est la géométrie. Cette science ridicule a pour objet des surfaces, des lignes et des points qui n'existent pas dans la natur...

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 4857

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 4859
La géométrie, en vérité, n'est qu'une mauvaise plaisanterie. »

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 4865
mais il fait fleurir tous ces arts en les encourageant par sa magnificence: il vaut sans e de les exercer.

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 4892
L'amour est quelquefois plus cher qu'un régiment. Il dépensa beaucoup, pendant que ses parents s'épuisaient encore davantage à vivre en grands seigneurs.

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 4944
toutes les grandeurs de ce monde ne valent pas un bon ami...

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 4952
Et Jeannot le père, et Jeannette la mère, et Jeannot le fils virent que le bonheur n'est pas dans la vanité.

7 L'INGÉNU

1pages

FileTop o BookTop

8

1801 Chap. I. — Comment le prieur de Notre-Dame de la Montagne et Mlle sa soeur rencontrèrent un Huron?
1802 CHAP. II. — Le Huron, nommé l’Ingénu, reconnu de ses parents.
1803 CHAP. III. —Le Huron, nommé l’Ingénu, converti.
1804 CHAP. IV. — L’Ingénu baptisé.
1805 CHAP. V. — L’Ingénu amoureux.
1806 CHAP. VI. — L’Ingénu court chez sa maîtresse, et devient furieux.
1807 CHAP. VII. —L’ingénu repousse les Anglais.
1808 CHAP. VIII. — L’Ingénu va en cour. Il soupe en chemin, avec des huguenots.
1809 CHAP. IX. — Arrivée de l’Ingénu à Versailles. Sa réception à la cour.
1810 CHAP. X. — L’Ingénu renfermé à la Bastille avec un janséniste.
1811 CHAP. XI. Comment l’Ingénu développe son génie.
1812 CHAP. XII. - Ce que l’Ingénu pense des pièces de théâtre
1813 CHAP. XIII. —La belle Saint-Yves va à Versailles.
1814 CHAP. XIV. — Progrès de l’esprit de l’Ingénu.
1815 CHAP. XVI. — Elle consulte un iésuite.
1816 CHAP. XVII — Elle succombe par vertu.
1817 CHAP. XVIII. — Elle délivre son amant et un janséniste.
1818 CHAP. XIX. — L’Ingénu, la belle Saint-Yves et leurs parents sont rassemblés.
1819 CHAP. XX. —La belle Saint-Yves meurt, et ce qui en arrive.
1pages

FileTop o BookTop

01 Chap. I. — Comment le prieur de Notre-Dame de la Montagne et Mlle sa soeur rencontrèrent un Huron?

FileTop o BookTop

02 CHAP. II. — Le Huron, nommé l’Ingénu, reconnu de ses parents.

FileTop o BookTop

03 CHAP. III. —Le Huron, nommé l’Ingénu, converti.

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 5185
L'Ingénu avait toujours en poche le livre que son oncle lui avait donné. Il n'y trouvait pas qu'un sei

04 CHAP. IV. — L’Ingénu baptisé.

FileTop o BookTop

05 CHAP. V. — L’Ingénu amoureux.

FileTop o BookTop

06 CHAP. VI. — L’Ingénu court chez sa maîtresse, et devient furieux.

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 5327
« Il faut, lui disait-il, des notaires, des prêtres, des témoins, des contrats, des dispenses... » L'Ingénu lui répondit par la réflexion que les sauvages ont toujours faite: « Vous êtes donc de bien malhonnêtes gens ; puisqu'il faut entre vous tant...

07 CHAP. VII. —L’ingénu repousse les Anglais.

FileTop o BookTop

08 CHAP. VIII. — L’Ingénu va en cour. Il soupe en chemin, avec des huguenots.

FileTop o BookTop

09 CHAP. IX. — Arrivée de l’Ingénu à Versailles. Sa réception à la cour.

FileTop o BookTop

10 CHAP. X. — L’Ingénu renfermé à la Bastille avec un janséniste.

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 5531
Voilà qui est bien étrange, dit l'Ingénu ; tous les malheureux que j'ai rencontrés ne le sont qu'à cause du pape.

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 5546
Rien, lui repartit l'Ingénu: si je pensais quelque chose, c'est que nous sommes sous la puissance de l'Être éternel, comme les astres et les éléments ; qu'il fait tout en nous, que nous sommes de petites roues de la machine immense dont il est l'âme ...

11 CHAP. XI. Comment l’Ingénu développe son génie.

FileTop o BookTop

12 CHAP. XII. - Ce que l’Ingénu pense des pièces de théâtre

FileTop o BookTop

13 CHAP. XIII. —La belle Saint-Yves va à Versailles.

FileTop o BookTop

14 CHAP. XIV. — Progrès de l’esprit de l’Ingénu.

FileTop o BookTop

15 CHAP. XVI. — Elle consulte un iésuite.

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 5843
« Premièrement, ma fille, ne dites jamais ce mot monamant ; il y a quelque chose de mondain qui pourrait offenser Dieu: dites mon mari ; car bien qu'il ne le soit pas encore, vous le regardez comme tel ; et rien n'est plus honnête.

16 CHAP. XVII — Elle succombe par vertu.

FileTop o BookTop

17 CHAP. XVIII. — Elle délivre son amant et un janséniste.

FileTop o BookTop

18 CHAP. XIX. — L’Ingénu, la belle Saint-Yves et leurs parents sont rassemblés.

FileTop o BookTop

19 CHAP. XX. —La belle Saint-Yves meurt, et ce qui en arrive.

FileTop o BookTop

9 Voltaire: La princesse de Babylone

1pages

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 8054
Amazan, à ce discours, se sentit pénétré du désir de s'instruire dans ces sciences sublimes dont on lui parlait ; et si sa passion pour la princesse de Babylone, son respect filial pour sa mère, qu'il avait quittée, et l'amour de sa patrie, n’eussent fortement parlé à son coeur déchiré, il aurait voulu passer sa vie dans l’île d’Albion ; mais ce malheureux baiser donné par sa princesse au roi d’Égypte ne lui laissait pas assez de liberté dans l’esprit pour étudier les hautes sciences.

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 8376
je n'ai vécu qu'environ vingt-sept mille ans ; mais mon père, qui avait vécu cinq fois cet âge, me disait qu'il avait appris de son père que les contrées de l'Orient avaient toujours été plus peuplées et plus riches que les autres. Il tenait de ses ancêtres que les générations de tous les animaux avaient commencé sur les bords du Gange.

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 8406
Enfin on arriva vers la première embouchure du fleuve sacré du Nil. Cest à l'extrémité de cette terre fertile que le port de Canope recevait déjà les vaisseaux de toutes les nations commerçantes, sans qu'on sût si le dieu Canope avait fondé le port, ou si les habitants avaient fabriqué le dieu, ni si l’étoile Canope avait donné son nom à la ville, ou si la ville avait donné le sien à l’étoile. Tout ce qu’on en savait, c’est que la ville et l’étoile étaient fort anciennes, et c’est tout ce qu’on peut savoir de l’origine des choses, de quelque nature qu’elles puissent être.

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 8445
toutes les femmes de cette respectable cour, allaient coucher avec tous les palefreniers de l'Asie pour de l'argent, dans le grand temple de Babylone, par principe de religion.

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 8461
Je ne vous oublierai point ici, gazetier ecclésiastique, illustre orateur des convulsionnaires, père de l'Église fondée par l'abbé Bécherand et par Abraham Chaumeix ; ne manquez pas de dire dans vos feuilles, aussi pieuses qu'éloquentes et sensées, que la princesse de Babylone est hérétique, déiste, et athée. Tâchez surtout d’engager le sieur Riballier à faire condamner la princesse de Babylone par la Sorbonne ; vous ferez grand plaisir à mon libraire, à qui j’ai donné cette petite histoire pour ses étrennes.

10 Voltaire: Les lettres d'Amabed

1pages

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 8545
Table des matières.

Voltaire: Les Contes Philosophiques, 1 8725
C'est notre sainte religion qui exige de nous ces petites sévérités. Vous et votre mari, vous êtes accusés d'avoir renoncé tous deux à notre baptême. »

11 L’HOMME AUX QUARANTE ECUS

11101
621pages

FileTop o BookTop

01

FileTop o BookTop

41 Voltaire:
Biographie


KindleLink: Voltaire:Biographie
AjkReview: ajk

11 BIOGRAPHIE
32pages

1pages

1 BIOGRAPHIE

5101 I
9102 II
12103 III
15104 IV
17105
18106 - Ferney (1758-1778)
23107 VII
28108 leikepöydälle IX.1
32pages

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire:Biographie, 1 143500
Table

01 I


0101 I.1
0102 I.2
0103 I.3
0104 I.4

FileTop o BookTop

0101 I.1

0102 I.2

Voltaire:Biographie, 6 143586
théâtre (un spectacle, le plus souvent en latin et d'où étaient bien sûr exclus l'amour et les rôles de femmes,

0103 I.3

0104 I.4

02 II

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire:Biographie, 10 143654
d'Habeas corpus de 1679 (nul ne peut demeurer détenu sinon par décision d'un juge)

Voltaire:Biographie, 10 143661
Il ne lui faut que peu de temps pour acquérir une excellente maîtrise de l'anglais.

Voltaire:Biographie, 11 143673
Il obtient en avril l'autorisation de venir à Paris, mais Versailles lui reste interdit.

03 III

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire:Biographie, 12 143696
Émilie du Châtelet a 27 ans, 12 de moins que Voltaire.

Voltaire:Biographie, 14 143733
Voltaire apparaît de plus en plus comme un adversaire de la religion.

Voltaire:Biographie, 15 143742
il obtient la place d'historiographe de France, le titre de « gentilhomme ordinaire de la chambre du roi » et les entrées de sa chambre. Dans le cadre de ses fonctions.

04 IV

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire:Biographie, 16 143761
L'hostilité de Louis XV et l'échec de sa tragédie Oreste le poussent à accepter les invitations réitérées de Frédéric II. Il part en juin 1750 pour la cour de Prusse. Le 27 juillet, il est à Berlin. Cest l'enchantement.

Voltaire:Biographie, 16 143767
Voltaire va passer plus de deux ans et demi en Prusse

05

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire:Biographie, 18 143801
141 l'Encyclopédie est interdite à son tour le 8 mars 1759, par décret royal.

06 - Ferney (1758-1778)


0601 VI.1 - Les grandes batailles de Voltaire
0602 VI.2
0603 VI.3

FileTop o BookTop

0601 VI.1 - Les grandes batailles de Voltaire

0602 VI.2

0603 VI.3

Voltaire:Biographie, 21 143863
153 Voltaire est devenu riche et en est fier:

07 VII


0701
0702
0703 VII.3
0704 VIII. 1
0705 vm.2
0706 VIII.3
0707 vra.4
0708 VIII.5
0709 VIII.6
0710 VIII.7 IX-

FileTop o BookTop

Voltaire:Biographie, 23 143891
Depuis la mort de Louis XV, Voltaire souhaite revenir à Paris après une absence de près de 28 ans.

Voltaire:Biographie, 23 143896
Voltaire a 84 ans. Il est atteint d'un mal qui progresse insidieusement (un cancer de la prostate que la science médicale de l'époque ignorait,

0701

0702

Voltaire:Biographie, 24 143915
Le 28 mars, il écrit à son secrétaire Wagnière les deux lignes célèbres: «Je meurs en adorant Dieu, en aimant mes amis, en ne haïssant pas mes ennemis, et en détestant la superstition. »

0703 VII.3

Voltaire:Biographie, 26 143941
Kopioitu leikepöydälle Le 30 mai 1791, jour anniversaire de sa mort, l'Assemblée, malgré de fortes oppositions (les membres du clergé constituent le quart des députés) décide le transfert. Le 4 avril, après la mort de Mirabeau survenue le 2, l'Assemblée décrète que « le no... ± 9.41 ai VIII

0704 VIII. 1

0705 vm.2

0706 VIII.3

0707 vra.4

0708 VIII.5

0709 VIII.6

0710 VIII.7 IX-

08 leikepöydälle IX.1


0801 IX.2

FileTop o BookTop

0801 IX.2

Voltaire:Biographie, 30 144017
S'il reste attaché au déisme, il dénonce comme dérisoire le providentialisme (dans Candide par exemple) et repose cette question formulée dès saint Augustin et qu'il laisse sans réponse: « Pourquoi existe-t-il tant de mal, tout étant formé par un Die... que tous les théistes se sont accordés à nommer bon? »

Voltaire:Biographie, 30 144021
Si Dieu n'existait pas, il faudrait l'inventer. L’INGÉNU* Histoire véritable, tirée des manuscrits du p. Quesnel (1767)

42 Antti Tuuri:
Alkemistit


KindleLink: Antti Tuuri: Alkemistit
AjkReview: ajk

2001 l1120739: hd2:01 lukujakso
382pages

01 l1120739: hd2:01 lukujakso

FileTop o BookTop

Asko Korpela 20151107 (20110710) o AJK kotisivu o Kindle-sivu o WebMaster